Vision 2030 by MVRDV

| 14 comments

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Dutch architects MVRDV have announced plans to extend the city of Almere by creating a series of artificial islands.

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Almere plans to grow to become the fifth largest city in the Netherlands by 2030, with new 60,000 houses, 100,000 work places.

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Find links to all our previous MVRDV stories here.

Here are the details from MVRDV:

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City of Almere and MVRDV present Vision 2030: Framework for large scale extension and new Islands

Dutch new town Almere plans to grow with 60,000 houses, 100,000 work places and related facilities. By this Almere will become the fifth largest city of the Netherlands in an effort to relief and to offer new qualities to the urbanised west of the Netherlands. MVRDV was commissioned to collaborate with the city to design a concept structure vision to accommodate this growth.

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The growth will take place in four main areas: Almere IJ-land, a new island off the coast in the IJ-lake, Almere Pampus, a neighbourhood focused on the lake and open to experimental housing, Almere Centre, an extended city centre surrounding the central lake, and Oosterwold, an area devoted to more rural and organic urbanism. Together the proposals form the new framework to accompany the growth of the city until 2030.

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Together with the entire board of city councilors and the mayor, Adri Duivesteijn, city councilor of Almere and Winy Maas of MVRDV, presented the concept structure vision to the ministers of Transport, Public Works and Water Management (V&W), Camiel Eurlings and minister of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment, Jacqueline Cramer (VROM) on June 26th. The design of IJland has been a collaboration with Adriaan Geuze of West8 and William McDonough of McDonough and Partners.
“The structure vision for Almere is more than an urban masterplan…” said Adri Duivesteijn, city councilor of Almere, “…it describes how the city can develop in economic, cultural and social terms. The expansion is not a quantitative effort. Even though the number of 60,000 new homes is impressive, the main objective is the addition of new qualities. Almere wants to serve the demand of the Randstad and at the same time needs the chance to develop into an ecologic, social and economically sustainable city”.

The Axis: Nowadays Almere is a city with 185,000 inhabitants, 30 years ago it was an empty stretch of land reclaimed from the sea. The growth will preserve and further expand Almere’s model of a poly-nuclear city. It will diversify the existing city by adding various densities, programs and characters that do not yet exist in the current situation.

The vision consists of four major development areas, each with their own character, logic and identity. These new area developments are linked by an infrastructural axis which connects the metropolitan area of Amsterdam with Almere. Between the two cities Almere IJ-land (referring to IJ-lake) is a connector, literally as well as in economical and cultural terms. The axis then leads to Almere Pampus, the Centre of Almere and Oosterwold in the east, and will in the future be continued to link Utrecht.

Almere IJ-land: Together with West 8 and William McDonough, MVRDV worked on the unique opportunity to design a series of urban and nature reserve islands. The new railway connection to Amsterdam and a needed ecological intervention in the IJ-lake offered the potential to propose the creation of a living area with 5,000 up to 10,000 homes, combined with the nature development. IJ-land combines ecological and infrastructural interventions with the possibility to live and work in a natural riparian environment. The island could also be part of the possible Dutch bid for the 2028 Olympic Games.

Almere Pampus: This area will combine the feeling of a coastal town with high density and make room for 20,000 homes; all streets within Almere Pampus will lead to the boulevard at the lake. The existing maintenance harbor will be reused for leisure and floating villages. There will be a new train station with a plaza at the coast.

Almere Centre: The current centre will grow and extend to the south bank of Weerwater, turning the central lake into Weerwater-park and become in time the cultural and economical heart of the city. On the junction of the new axis, the motorway and the railway connection, the motorway will be covered making an adjacent development of up to 5,000 homes, offices and public amenities possible. The central station will be developed into an economical hub and will be surrounded with new program.

Almere Oosterwold: This large area in the east offers room for up to 18,000 new homes and a variety of functions such as business and retail centers. It will be developed following individual and collective initiatives, from small to large scale, with plots that are always surrounded by nature development, urban agriculture or local parks. The area will reserve areas for future development after 2030.

The vision 2030 is not a blueprint but a flexible development strategy. Duivesteijn: “It is a framework which can be filled in by the people of the city. By remaining flexible we create possibilities to adjust the plans to future opportunities.” Almere wants to develop according to this structure vision in order to become an ecological, social and economically sustainable city. F Large investments in infrastructure are needed to connect the city and its anticipated total of 350,000 inhabitants to its surroundings and to Amsterdam.

Winy Maas will remain involved in the further development of the concept structure vision in a supervising role. MVRDV has a long history of engagement with Almere: Earlier projects include two studies on new ways of organic urban development for Almere Hout and Almere Homeruskwartier, a study for the A6 Boulevard and the study for Pampus harbour, a neighbourhood of 500 floating dwellings. MVRDV’s Jacob van Rijs currently works on part of Olympiakwartier, a dense urban district of in total 220.000m2 mixed use with public facilities.

| 14 comments

Posted on Wednesday, July 1st, 2009 at 4:45 pm by Brad Turner. See our copyright policy. Before commenting, please read our comments policy.

  • Nia

    MVRDV’s proposal might look witty/interesting.
    Unfortunately the urban strategy of Almere looks rather unpromissing. Almere will never be the 5th biggest city in the Netherlands but the 5th biggest settlement or urban sprawl. Even the city center seems to be periphery. One finds buildings commonly placed next to dutch highways. It is a mess consisting of currugated metal boxes which usualy houses fast-food, fashion or furniture franchises.
    Their 2030 Vision seeks for a sustainable urban design approach which hardly will be possible if one is filling the scarce remaining land with Vinex housing and promoting a nuclear family lifestyle totally based on individual means of transport. No matter what MVRDV is writing in their text about their project’s density, Almere itself has only 1369 people/km2. In comparisson Amsterdam has 4459 people/km2. If one would plan this city more dense with Pampus Hout, Almere Port etc. Almere would not be forced to extend their reclaimed land more into the water but could really promote some ground breaking coastal development satisfying ecological, landscape and leisure needs.

  • slater

    I know from seeing first hand that the Dutch are experts in land reclimation but don’t they realize that ocean levels world wide are exptcted to raise significantly in the near future? Maybe I’m missing something here…?

  • booh

    YAY global warming!

  • Joe

    Now that we have learned that the estimates of sea level rise were far to optimistic, I am shocked that I see no mention of whether they have taken into account sea level rise. Sounds like this may be a ‘temporary’ extension of the city, much like some of the similar sprawl in Dubai.

  • Joe

    … although maybe they just left that part out.

  • mr.t

    sorry to mention this, but the Ijsselmeer is already protected from north sea by a dike, making it a lake and not a fluctuating body of water. That’s called geography.

  • Jeroen

    Almere is protected by the “afsluitdijk”, hence the word Lake in the text (which is different from the words Sea or Ocean)

  • charles

    what a beautiful series of images…
    i’d buy it.

    not the project, but the images.

  • Jurgen

    Regarding rising sea levels, Almere doesn’t lie by the sea. It is actually on an already artificial island that is called Flevoland inside a lake called IJsselmeer that used to be a sea.

    However, I agree completely with Nia in that this will only further cut up Almere instead of making it a real city. Even The Hague can be seen as urban sprawl, due to the fact it started out as multiple small towns between dunes.

  • enrique

    eventhough its in a lake,
    they shouldn’t reduce those
    free surfaces of water, since
    this is one of the few qualities
    of dutch landscapes.
    more density, please!

  • gillesr

    I totally agree with the first comment of Nia, this project makes absolutely no sense: I know it´s very fancy to build on the water, especially when you´re in holland ;), but it would be way more interesting to try to make Almere a real city and not a sort of continuous peripherical condition. To extend this peripherical condition in the sea is a waste of money and open space…

  • Bart

    MVRDV seems afraid for the complex context of Almere itself. It’s easy to start all over again on the edge (in the water) of the city. Why not looking for a more urban solution within the existing stucture. Construct a city.

  • M

    The possibility of rising sea levels has been acknowledged by the Dutch already about 30 years ago, and all necessary measures are now in place. One third of the country lies under sea level, to take the bet is just not an option.

    Since a great flood in 1953 there have been continuous improvements, formerly through the Delta Works, and the currently through the High Water Security Program (hoogwaterbeschermingsprogramma).

    There are also specially elected governmental bodies that are exclusively dedicated to Water Management (Hoogheemraadschap)

  • InTheWater

    HI!
    I don't know what MVRDV are doing, but what I will do! I am a student of architecture and I ‘m going to propose a project on the coast and in the sea. This project will inhabit activities for the local people and the visitors. The main aspect of this project is to promote ideas of building in the sea and on the coast without damaging them but revitalizing them. I 'm trying to find materials and construction ways of doing it! I will like to ask if anyone knows in which direction to make my research in order to find the appropriate information and have the best result.