The open facade of a narrow Japanese house

Dark roof brings loftiness to small Kyoto terrace house

Japanese-Australian architecture studio Atelier Luke has renovated an old Kyoto row house, giving the narrow home a black-stained timber ceiling to create "a spacious void of shadows".

Named Terrace House near Demachiyanagi, the home has a historic facade that Atelier Luke restored while bringing contemporary Japanese and Australian design sensibilities into the interior.

Old row house in Kyoto
Above: Atelier Luke has restored an old row house. Top image: it occupies a narrow plot in Kyoto

The studio started the project by stripping the house back to its structure, revealing previously hidden roof beams that they chose to make into a feature.

Perhaps counterintuitively, they did so by staining the timber of the upper storey and ceiling black.

The dark interiors of a narrow Japanese house
The studio stripped the house back to its structure

"Spaciousness is created within this small home through darkness as well as light," said Atelier Luke.

"Internally the black-stained timber skeleton, including previously concealed roof beams, creates a spacious void of shadows within which the new home is formed," it continued.

"Shadows extend almost infinitely above whilst the ground plane extends into the street, blurring the bounds of the small plot."

A cedar-lined living room
Two prominent cedar boxes have been inserted

Within this structure, the studio inserted two prominent cedar boxes, "almost as furniture". The front box contains the bathroom and the kitchen with an elevated sleeping loft above.

The rear box functions to provide a connection to the outdoors, with layered screens and doors that allow the interior to be opened to the public street beyond, or closed around a small internal garden.

A Japanese house with contrasting living spaces
The cedar boxes are intended to evoke furniture

Internally, much of the structure had to be replaced or altered to comply with contemporary fire and earthquake safety requirements.

Atelier Luke used the same Yoshino cedar from the managed forests of nearby Nara throughout, including on the structure, joinery, cabinetry, linings and external cladding.

While the timber of the roof is stained black, on the ground level it has a natural finish of linseed oil.

A cedar room inside a dark Japanese house
The dark-stained roof structure creates loftiness

Externally, Terrace House near Demachiyanagi's front facade was the focus for restoration work in collaboration with local craftspeople. They restored elements such as the "mushikomado" plaster lattice window on the second floor using traditional techniques.

The rear facade is clearly contemporary, with a black steel perimeter frame that provides a material contrast to the timber screens.

A cedar-lined living space
Layered screens line the rear wall

Atelier Luke believes that the project stands out against other homes in the area because of its respectful approach to the past.

"The quality of real trades and materials is evident when contrasted with the palette of prefabricated and plasticised finishes that dominate this typical Japanese suburb," said the studio.

"The diminutive scale and fine permeability almost present the home as a historical artefact within the street, demonstrating an alternative to the towering and impregnable neighbours."

A corridor in a Japanese house
The studio said it took a respectful approach to the past

Atelier Luke is led by Australian architect Luke Hayward and Japanese interior designer Junko Nakatsuka, who founded the studio in 2013.

Many architects in high-density Japanese cities have had to work with the constrictions of narrow houses, such as Apollo Architects & Associates' recent 1.4-metre-wide Jewel house.

Photography is by Yohei Sasakura.


Project credits:

Architect: Atelier Luke
Project team: Naomi Murasaki, Junko Nakatsuka and Luke Hayward
Builder: Matsuhiko Construction
Site foreman: Hideya Tanaka
Cabinetmaker: Jurinsha

More images and plans

Ground floor plan of Terrace House near Demachiyanagi
Ground floor plan
Upper floor plan of Terrace House near Demachiyanagi
Upper floor plan
Section of Terrace House near Demachiyanagi
Section
Section of Terrace House near Demachiyanagi
Section
Paving slabs inside a small Japanese house
A bathroom lined with wood and tiles
A kitchen with cedar detailing
A dark loft inside a Japanese house
A dark loft inside a Japanese house
A dark loft inside a Japanese house
The dark interiors of a old row house in Kyoto
The dark interiors of a old row house in Kyoto
A cedar-lined living space in a Japanese house
The cedar-lined entrance to Terrace House near Demachiyanagi
The entrance to the Terrace House near Demachiyanagi
The entrance to the Terrace House near Demachiyanagi
Shutters enclosing a small Japanese house
The rear facade of the Terrace House near Demachiyanagi