According to ZHA, the building is the "world's first free-form high-rise exoskeleton", with its structural geometric grid negating the need for internal walls or columns that would clutter the hotel's interior.
"Morpheus combines its optimal arrangement with structural integrity and sculptural form," said Viviana Muscettola, ZHA's project director. "The design is intriguing as it makes no reference to traditional architectural typologies."
"Macau's buildings have previously referenced architecture styles from around the world," she continued. "Morpheus has evolved from its unique environment and site conditions as a new architecture, expressly of this city."
When ZHA was brought on to the project in 2012, the site already had existing foundations for an unbuilt tower.
Using the existing foundations, the architects designed a 40-storey building formed of two circulation cores that connect at the base via a podium, separate, then merge again at rooftop level.
Voids carved into the rectangular block form windows that frame views of the city in a design that was, according to the architects, informed by traditional Chinese jade carving techniques that produce fluid forms from hard minerals.
An atrium runs the height of the hotel between these two towers, and the hotel's restaurant lounges and bars are located on bridges running through this central void.
Twelve glass elevators run through the Morpheus, giving guests panoramic views of the hotel's sculptural interiors and Macau spreading out below.
The rippling in the building's shape caused by the three holes in the glazing connecting the north and south facades also creates unique spaces within the building.
Corner suites have views of both the internal atrium and the city beyond, with the design maximising the number of rooms with external views.
There are a total of 770 guest rooms, suites and sky villas in the hotel, along with a rooftop spa and pool.
High performance glazing minimises solar gain, and the ridging of the exoskeleton is provides shading. Rather than cool the whole atrium, only the zones used by staff and guests such as the lounges and restaurants have localised air conditioning.
The Morpheus is part of the City of Dreams in Macau, an "integrated entertainment" resort owned by developers Melco Resorts and Entertainment. Along with hotels, the resort features dining and shopping locations and a casino.
Macau's casinos and malls are preparing for an influx of visitors this summer when the long-awaited 55-kilometre Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge connects the resort city with Hong Kong and the mainland.
ZHA recently completed a 170-metre-tall twisting tower in residential tower in Milan, and it's first project in New York City: an apartment block with curving steel bands and rounded glass corners.
Client: Melco Resorts & Entertainment
Architect: Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA)
Design: Zaha Hadid and Patrik Schumacher
ZHA project directors: Viviana Muscettola, Michele Pasca di Magliano
ZHA facade director: Paolo Matteuzzi
ZHA project architects: Michele Salvi, Bianca Cheung, Maria Loreto
Flores, Clara Martins
ZHA project team: Miron Mutyaba, Milind Khade, Pierandrea Angius, Massimo Napoleoni, Stefano Iacopini, Davide Del Giudice, Luciano Letteriello, Luis Migue Samanez, Cyril Manyara, Alvin Triestanto, Muhammed Shameel, Goswin Rothenthal, Santiago Fernandez-Achury, Vahid Eshraghi, Melika Aljukic
ZHA interior team: Daniel Fiser, Thomas Sonder, Daniel Coley, Yooyeon Noh, Jinqi Huang, Mirta Bilos, Alexander Kuroda, Gaganjit Singh, Marina Martinez, Shajay Bhooshan, Henry Louth, Filippo Nassetti, David Reeves, Marko Gligorov, Neil Ridgen, Milica Pihler- Mirjanic, Grace Chung, Mario Mattia, Mariagrazia Lanza
ZHA concept team: Viviana Muscettola, Tiago Correia, Clara Martins, Maria Loreto Flores, Victor Orive, Danilo Arsic, Ines Fontoura, Fabiano Costinanza, Rafael Gonzalez, Muhammed Shameel
Executive architect: Leigh & Orange, Hong Kong
Local architect: CAA City Planning & Engineering Consultants, Macau
Structural engineering: Buro Happold International, London/Hong Kong
M&E engineering: J. Roger Preston
Facade engineering: Buro Happold International, Hong Kong Third party reviewer: Rolf Jensen & Associates
Other interior designers: Remedios Studio, Hong Kong – Guestrooms, L01 VIP lobby, L03, Spa & Gym, L40 Pool deck and pool villas; Westar Architects International – L02 Gaming areas & Li Ying, Restaurant, L42 Gaming Salons; Jouin Manku – L03 Alain Ducasse Restaurant; MC Design – L30 Executive Lounge; Leigh & Orange, Macau – BOH Areas
Quantity surveyor: WT Partnership, Hong Kong Lighting design: Isometrix, London/Hong Kong
Fire engineering: Arup, Hong Kong
Acoustic consultant: Shen Milson & Wilke, Hong Kong Traffic engineer: MVA Hong Kong