Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers

Richard Chivers photographs England's remaining gas holders

Architectural photographer Richard Chivers has captured images of gas holders from across England to create a visual record of the remaining examples of the structures.

Chivers decided to photograph the gas holders – large structures that were used to store natural gas – as many of them are under threat of demolition.

Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Richard Chivers has photographed 35 gas holders including at the Oval

"Three or four years ago I read an article in the news that most were to be demolished so I decided I would try and capture some of them before they were lost forever," he told Dezeen.

"Quite a few of these structures are now gone or are about to go, so the images themselves become a record of our industrial heritage and for some people a nostalgic record of a place they used to inhabit."

Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Chivers photographed the gas holders in Croydon as part of the collection

In total Chivers photographed 35 of the industrial structures over a period of three years, visiting cities across the country including Leeds, Manchester, Brighton and Sunderland.

The photographer also captured numerous gas holders in London including structures that have become landmarks at Battersea, Southall and Kennington.

Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Chivers visited gas holders across the county including in Sunderland

"They have been part of the urban skyline across the UK for up to 200 years and have become distinct landmarks for people," explained Chivers.

"The gas holder at Battersea for example, next to the power station, indicate your arrival into London on the train," he continued.

"The gas holder in Southall had LH painted on the side to show aircraft pilots that they were near London Heathrow and another famous gas holder overlooks the Oval cricket ground."

Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Many of the UK's remaining gas holders are under threat of demolition

Chivers was drawn to the structures as his work is often focused on the UK's industrial landscape.

"My personal work often revolves around capturing industrial aspects of the landscape and architecture so gas holders have always held a fascination for me," he said.

"My Dad used to work on them so I think this furthered my interest."

Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
The Poplar gas holders are included in the collection

The gas holders all have a similar form with gas held in a domed cylinder supported by a cylindrical lattice.

However, they were constructed using a large variety of steel structures. Chivers has highlighted this with a selection of black and white images in the collection.

Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Many of the gas holders are photographed in black and white to express the structure

"There are many reasons why these structures are interesting for me, many were built in Victorian times and often have quite intricate designs that I find quite beautiful," said Chivers.

"The most interesting gas holders for me are the steel-framed structures, each having their own slightly different design which when photographed in a certain way look visually beautiful," he continued.

"The work is mainly shot on a 5x4 film camera, which with its bellows and look reflects the technology of the Victorian era."

Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Chivers photographed the gas holder in Lee Side Road, London

Gas holders that were once a common sight in many cities. As larger gas works and pipeline technology was developed in the second half of the 20th century, the structures largely became redundant.

The majority of gas holders were decommissioned, with many subsequently demolished, and others repurposed.

In London's King's Cross WilkinsonEyre and Jonathan Tuckey converted three Victorian gas holders into flats, while Bell Philips converted a fourth gas holder into circular park.

In 2017, RIBA and British gas and electricity network National Grid ran an ideas competition to develop proposals to regenerate sites containing gas holders across the UK. The contest was won by London studio Outpost.

More images

Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers
Offgrid: photographs of UK gas holders by Richard Chivers