Icelandic Opera House by Arkitema and Arkthing

| 19 comments

fra-kirken.jpg

Architects Arkitema of Denmark and Arkthing of Iceland have won a competition to design the Icelandic Opera House in Reykjavik.

capture-1sized.jpg

The 820 seat concert hall will be situated on Borgaholt hill, near the city's landmark the church of Kópavogs, in an area supposedly inhabited by elves.

ankomst.jpg

The competition involved three teams of international architects presenting designs in collaboration with local Icelandic firms.

capturesized.jpg

The following is from Arkitema:

--

The national opera in Iceland aquires a new shining opera house with views to elf hill and the surrounding town.

foyer.jpg

When building in Iceland up to the elf hill Borgarholt it demands a special in depth understanding of Iceland’s history. A completely new opera house for the Icelandic national opera deserves a building with presence and grace, a new cultural landmark for Reykjavik.

capture-2sized.jpg

Arkitema and Arkthing’s winning proposal takes its concept based on these premises and has created a building both to the Opera, the elves, the capital’s residents and the town of Kopavogur in Reykjavik.

salen.jpg

A new opera house that identifies itself to the whole town

The Icelandic Opera is situated at a relatively high point in the town along the Borgaholt hill, where according to Icelandic folklore elves live. The hill is protected and at its centre lies one of the capital’s current landmarks, the church of Kópavogs, which can be seen from everywhere in Reykjavik.

capture-3sized.jpg

With the inclusion of The Icelandic Opera, the church now has a modern cultural counterpart that will also be lit up and be a landmark in Reykjavik’s skyline. The opera respects this special location by replicating the church’s rectangular form.

A building for the elves and other mythical beings

Deep underground, in the highlands and under the cliffs around Iceland live the elves. Their dens are not visible from the outside, but it is believed that they live underground somewhere or other. From the outside the elves’ homes are dark and enclosed, but from the inside a radiant and crystalline space is revealed.

The Opera’s expressional form with its heavy and massive lower floor level and its light and crystalline upper floor level refers to the mythical home of the elves. The heavy expression of the lower level is broken up with window openings that vary in size but which all replicate the cubic form.

Over the base the transparent shining cubic tower rises up, housing the main scene and the opera’s large concert hall which can hold an audience of up to 820. The facade of the shining cube is a glass screen with LED lights which give the facade an ever changing appearance, that through the course of a day changes in colour and strength.

The characteristic cube is the Opera’s landmark that will light up Reykjavik, and from the interior be the Opera’s distinctive feature. The cube continues down through the building so that it is visible from the interior, allowing the large foyer area to look directly into the concert hall.

With the elf hill as their one neighbour and the town as the other, the Opera is situated between history, tradition, a modern urban district and a cultural landscape with a library, museum and cultural centre.

Arkitemas presence in Iceland

Arkitema and the Icelandic architectural practice Arkthing have a well established working partnership, where they have worked together on many projects including the Cultural Building in Akureyri which is at present under construction

For both practices the success has great importance. At Arkitema, Hallgrimur Thor Sigurdsson, architect and creative leader with the north Atlantic market as his focus area explains: “We are very proud of winning the competition.

It is seldom that one gets the opportunity to create such an exciting and prestigious project as an opera”. And continues, “We at Arkitema, have worked for a long time in the Icelandic market. With this competition in our practice, our presence there will be strengthened even more, furthermore it is a cultural project which has a great sense of meaning not only for the Opera, but for the town’s residents and provides Reykjavik with a new shining landmark”.

The winning proposal was made public at a press meeting in Reykjavik Friday 15th August at 14.00hrs local time. Three teams were invited to the competition, with each team having a locally based collaborator in their team. Out of the three teams, two teams progressed to the second stage, that of Alark (IS) and David Crossfield Associates (NY) and Arkitema (DK) and Arkthing (IS), who finally won the competition.

Project Description

The Icelandic Opera reflects its location in its architectural expression. A location that is characterised by the cultural urban landscape, the Borgarholt elf hill and the church as its immediate neighbours. The initial concept for the Opera took its form from a cubic geometry that is replicated throughout the whole building both on the facade and the interior. The facade is characterised by the distinctive heavy base, broken up by the large cubic window openings. Above, in sharp contrast to the base, lies a shining and distinctive cube which continues through the entire building.

The building is flexible and simply constructed using the cubic form, which are also replicated in the concert hall, where the walls and balconies are created from various cubic forms which tie in with the building concept whilst providing acoustic regulation. The Opera’s location next to the foot of Borgarholt hill provides a natural fall in terrain which is incorporated within the building, the entrance lobby’s two storeys rise up to the rest of the Opera building which is stretched over three storeys.

One enters the Opera from a little square, where three important cultural institutions are located. From the entrance one can either continue to the foyer area or go directly to the concert hall and restaurant. At the very top five roof gardens help to activate the building from top to bottom and provide the guests with a view across Reykjavik.

Data
Address: Hamraborg, Kopavogur, Reykjavik, Iceland
Size: 8.000 m² with an audience of 820
Client: Kopavogur Council
Architect: Arkitema and Arkthing
Landscape architect: Arkitema
Other consultants: Gade & Mortensen Acoustic
Award: 1st Prize in invited international architectural competition
Competition year: 2008

| 19 comments

Posted on Wednesday, August 27th, 2008 at 5:49 pm by Rob Ong. See our copyright policy. Before commenting, please read our comments policy.

  • Sc hu yl er

    Interesting interior. Exterior looks kind of like a half-baked thesis to me.

  • edward

    Enough with the elves. The images are too fuzzy to get any real idea of the structure, but the concept looks like a winner.

  • andy

    Is there ever that many plain-clothed people walking around an opera house during the middle of the day?

  • edward

    The concept looks great, but the images are too indistinct to get an idea of the structures.

  • edward

    Great concept but the images too indistinct to say more.

  • Ali

    if they can throw in some interesting materials and detail the hell out of it very carefully i could be nice i guess, if not, whatever.

  • edward

    dezeen…please delete the last 2 comments. They weren’t registering when I submitted them. Don’t you read them?

  • Vico

    Whack a barcode on those elves so we can flog them in the gift shop.

  • L.

    Well, I don’t like it. Iceland deserves more.

  • Doctor Scruffknuckles

    dont like it – looks like a rejected student building, reworked into a ‘real’ project.

    destined for failure imo – like most of the posters in the comments.

  • jed_

    they can’t have won the competition based on these relatively poor images so there must have been drawings. can we see them?

  • http://www.butimtifferent.com carillonista

    Way to contribute to light pollution in Iceland.

  • Steven

    The area surrounding the Opera house puts the building more into perspective. A town library, art museum and a classical music center are also positioned on the Borgarholt hill. These drawing would make a lot more sense if shown along with the surroundings.

  • dudes

    u idiot i live in iceland and it is fun living here so and it is going to be bilt so sorry for bad rigthing

  • Svavar E

    Iceland guy here. Looks like every building that is being built in iceland these days, square. How about some triangles and circles and shit.
    This winning proposal is annoyingly unispired.

  • Bjartur

    To me it looks like an evil counterpart to the church, who is all smooth and nice, while this is just a box. WE ARE THE BORG RESISTANCE IS FUTILE.
    A boring house to my eyes.

  • Werd

    It looks absolutely beautiful. If the real building is anything like these images it will be STUNNING.

  • Ellie

    I think that the people that are dissing my homeland, should shut up. that opera house id beautiful and it brings much joy to me and to my people.

  • Ellie

    Iceland girl here.
    i think that Svavar E need to thikn about things more. we are a almost unnoticed land, and if our square buildings are getting us noticed then who cares!! we are a beautirul place. u should know that.