Masdar City Centre by LAVA



Laboratory for Visionary Architecture (LAVA) have won a competition to design the urban centre of Masdar, a zero-carbon, zero-waste city to be built in the desert near Abu Dhabi.


The centre will feature giant moveable sunshades based on sunflowers (above) that shade a public piazza, plus hotels, retail and leisure facilities.


Masdar, which will cover 6 million square metres when complete, is based on the urban layout of ancient walled cities and aims to provide a blueprint for sustainable urban development.


See our story from March 2007 about the launch of Masdar, which is masterplanned by architects Foster & Partners.


Here's a full explanation from LAVA:


LAVA wins international design competition for the heart of Masdar, world’s first sustainable city


Giant umbrellas, with a design based on the principles of sunflowers, will provide moveable shade in the day, store heat, then close and release the heat at night in the plaza of a new eco-city in the United Arab Emirates.


The ‘sunflower umbrellas’ are one aspect of the winning design by the international practice Laboratory for Visionary Architecture [LAVA] for the city centre for Masdar in the UAE - the world’s first zero carbon, zero waste city powered entirely by renewable energy sources.


Masdar is a planned city located 17 kilometres from Abu Dhabi. A government initiative, the city is being constructed over seven phases and is due to be completed by 2016.


The city centre includes a plaza, five-star hotel, long stay hotel, a convention centre and entertainment complex and retail facilities.


LAVA won the design in an international competition against several hundred entries and strong competition from some of the world’s most high profile architects.


LAVA was founded in 2007 by Chris Bosse, Tobias Wallisser and Alexander Rieck and has offices in Sydney, Stuttgart and Abu Dhabi.


Chris Bosse said: ‘Masdar City is the world’s most prestigious project focusing on sustainable energy design. It is the city of the future and a global benchmark for sustainable urban development. We believe in the Masdar slogan “One day all cities will be like this”’.


The solar powered ‘sunflower’ umbrellas capture the sun’s rays during the day, fold at night releasing the stored heat, and open again the next day. They follow the projection of the sun to provide continuous shade during the day.


Mr. Bosse said: ‘the sunflower principle is eco-friendly and can be adapted to anywhere in the world – it opens opportunities for outside living, even in the desert’.


Mr Rieck added: ‘The entire city is car-free with a magnetic public transport system includes individual pods that drive you to your destination using solar power’.


Some other key innovations of the winning plan include:

• Building façade angles that can be altered to offset or optimise solar glare.
• Materials on wall surfaces respond to changing temperatures and contain minimal embedded energy.
• Water features can be stored underground during the day and at night trickle or flow strongly, triggered by passersby.
• Interactive light poles, inspired by the oasis fire, transform the plaza into a 3-dimensional interactive media installation.
• Interactive, heat sensitive technology activates lighting in response to pedestrian traffic and mobile phone usage.
• Roof gardens integrate food production, energy generation, water efficiency and the reuse of organic food waste.


Mr Wallisser said ‘the idea behind our concept is the use, inspiration, and adaptation of nature and our plans combine innovative design and sustainability’.


East and west are fused in the plaza design inspired by both the oasis, as the epicenter of Arabic nomadic life, and the iconic piazza of historical European cities. The organic forms created by the forces of natural erosion in geographical landmarks such as great canyons and wadis are the design inspiration behind the key buildings in the city centre.


After winning stage 1 in January this year, LAVA teamed up with the Sydney/Dubai based Kann Finch group, engineering firm Arup (with whom Chris Bosse previously worked on the Watercube in Beijing), Transsolar (worlds leading energy consultancy), and a team of international experts.


For more information:



‘As part of the Masdar Initiative, a long term strategic commitment by the government of Abu Dhabi to accelerate the development and deployment of future energy solutions, Masdar City will take sustainable development and living to a new level and will lead the world in understanding how all future cities should be built.

Masdar City will be built over seven years at an investment in excess of US$20 Billion. The City will be built in seven carefully designed phases, incorporating the latest technological advances generated in its clean-tech cluster and globally. Masdar headquarters building under construction receives its power for construction from a vast PV array on its roof built ahead of the remaining structure – a world-first.

Strategically located at the heart of Abu Dhabi’s transport infrastructure, Masdar City will be linked to the centre of Abu Dhabi and the international airport, by a network of existing road, and new rail and public transport routes. The City will be car free and pedestrian friendly. With a maximum distance of 200 meters to public transport and amenities, and complemented by an innovative personal rapid transport system, the compact network of streets will encourage pedestrians and community social life.’*



The International Design Competition for the provision of design services for Masdar Hotel & Conference Centre (MHCC) Project Development. Abu Dhabi Future Energy Company (Masdar), a wholly owned subsidiary of the Mubadala Development Company (Mubadala)

Located in the heart of the new city, the MHCC will become a focus for shopping, leisure and entertainment. The mixed-use development will consist of a five-star hotel, long term stay serviced apartment, a conference centre, a themed entertainment centre, cultural facility related to future energy and shopping centre complete with a food court and cinema.


A global jury of world-renowned design and urban planning experts chose LAVA’s design from the finalists.  The jury included: Gerard Evenden, Foster + Partners; Gordon Gill, Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architects; Professor Guy Chemla, Sorbonne University; and David Choi, David Choi Design. Eighteen proposals were shortlisted from several hundred entries and in December 2008 Kohn Pedersen Fox and LAVA were both further shortlisted. LAVA was announced as the winner in August 2009.


The brief included:

The Project is intended to be a world-class innovative landmark of sustainable architecture and engineering design, exceeding the current highest standards of green building energy and waste efficiency, material technologies, and integrated design thinking. MHCC Project Development will be one of the landmark structures of MASDAR City. It will exemplify the city’s commitment to the environment and the development of innovative and viable renewable technologies.

The highest standards of sustainable development will include zero emissions; zero waste; 100% power generation through renewable energy sources; energy efficiency; and a paperless document management system.

The criteria for selection included building functionality, water and wastewater efficiency, indoor environmental quality, zero carbon emission, carbon footprint reduction and firm experience.


LAVA (Laboratory for Visionary Architecture) was founded in 2007 with offices in Sydney, Stuttgart and Abu Dhabi. Directors Chris Bosse, Tobias Wallisser and Alexander Rieck have completed a range of projects in Germany, Australia and the U.A.E. 2008 saw the successful launch of the Michael Schumacher World Champion Tower an ultra-luxury residential tower in Abu Dhabi, the future hotel Showcase suite in Germany and Green Void in Australia.

Bosse worked on the Watercube Swimming Centre Beijing 2008 [Atmosphere Award at the 9th Venice Biennale], and has been recognized as an emerging architect on the world stage by the RIBA London. Wallisser was instrumental in the recent Stuttgart Mercedes-Benz Museum that attracted worldwide attention for its innovative spatial concept and is professor for digital design in Stuttgart. Rieck is a senior researcher at the Fraunhofer Institute in Stuttgart and has done groundbreaking work in future office organization with Office 21.

Posted on Friday August 28th 2009 at 2:55 pm by . Copyright policy | Comments policy

  • Maria (Venezuela)

    Stunning. Beautiful.
    I hope this will be built.

  • damfak

    WOW! I’m moving to Mazdar.

  • calvin

    masdar is going to be the biggest disaster in the middle east….

    • MKGA

      why do u think so?? people seem to think the opposite.. id like to hear ur side! :)

  • Billster

    this is SUPA KOO

  • Finally, instead of investing in weapons of mass destruction, some countries are investing in intelligent projects for the futur, and will be later on, an experimental for other projects foreseeable!

    This project is certainly fascinating (at least for me), but I asked myself a question: is everything will be arranged for handicaped people or with disabilities? Beacuse it is nice indeed, but when we talk about environment in this word it includs everyone and everything!

    Anyway, good luck to make this beautiful project, once achieved it will be an example to follow…

    Francois Beydoun

  • endless

    congratz 2 lava! fabtastic design!

  • clueless

    hahahaha, they’re so in time with their whole concept about sustainability, there’s just one thing which doesn’t fit at all: who the fuck will live there, i thought everyone who can, leaves this ridiculous playground in the emirates. sure, city without people doesn’t need energy, neither produces waste… so smart these guys from laaaava

  • angry catalan

    Looks very uninspired, very typical – some rounded shapes, some colours, really bland. The programme (typical of 00’s “regeneration”) is dubiously suitable for the centre of a new city As for the technology, I guess it’s interesting – let’s hope it works (this project should at least have ONE good point…)

  • angry catalan

    oh, and also: how could building a city in the desert with no good purpose (conference hotels? is that what cities have to offer?) be sustainable? even if it truly was zero-waste, it’s still a waste of materials, space and money – all three of which could be invested in trying to green up the desert. don’t buy into the hype.

  • Boo

    I love the “sunflowers” and would love to have one for my very own space in the sunny midwest.

  • cpc

    Way better than this green void and voronoi-cupboard they’ve posted before! Nice one !

  • urbanaut

    what a stupid assumption that you can built a zero waste city in a desert. how much energy you must stuck into this project, to transform this human being-hostile in a place where you can live? we had a project such like this with tonnes of solarcolectors it is impossible to built or to get such a huge ammount of panels in a reasonable time. the time is over for this dramtic senseless architecture

  • NaRa

    zero-carbon, zero-waste and zero-many other things except money… dear money…oh, what do I say? it’s very nice. water lilies in the middle of nowhere. who could do such a thing to the desert (desert is a landscape or region that receives almost no precipitation – from whichever dictionary u’ll check.) and when it comes to architecture, those sections are really make me mad: here is the hotel, then the mother funnel, then relaxation rout, then the father funnel, then the baby funnel and then to the headquarters… but at last who cares, let’s go to sleep.

  • BobCajun

    While it’s easy to be cynical and bash this project as some pie-in-the sky development from a bunch of oil-rich sheiks, one still has to acknowledge that this entire city plan IS more advanced than anything currently being constructed. Is it the answer to all of the word’s problems? Of Course not. But it is a model for a more sustainable way of living, without making massive sea-changes in the way Western society operates (which lets face it, is a little outside the realm of architecture alone).
    Rich people are going to buy (and build) ridiculous things regardless. I for one, am glad to see that efficiency is at least entering into the equation.

  • Bruno

    Frank Lloyd Wright, S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc., Racine

    • Viva

      That was my first thought when I saw this project!

  • (>

    Actually you can see that Lava is still following the steps of Frei Otto with these umbrellas. Which is quite good and brings back to light a whole part of architecture that has been kept aside by POMO and minimalism fetishisms…
    Have a look at this:

  • cpcp

    i’m sorry…. HOW much did you say all those solar panels will cost???

  • gazzella

    i don’t like it

  • J

    The only one thing I like about buildings being built in dubai is that it may be used as a testing ground for innovation and experimenting. With that said, these architects should use these practices and innovations to the cities we live in, not some tourist attracting melting pot.

  • For the people who think that the project is not a nice thing you should better travel to the Emirates to see what has been accomplished and why they try to make their country better!

    Masdar project is a laboratory for the future, financed mainly by oil money in order to be able to live without it. Is there any other country who started anything similar outside building Nuclear plant? Would you prefer them to build more Palace and drive one oil pump car a day?
    Don’t critizise a good initiative and don’t critize a region that think about its future…

  • HouseCat

    They were so concerned about “if they CAN” they never pause to consider “if they SHOULD”….

  • Trish

    why do I get the feeling that leaving there would be like living in a fancy mall?

  • jzi

    chuy ayu bai…… nice one ..i love how you guys do it…. real green arki…

  • Robobob

    I think this is great but this concept needs to be taken further. As in make all the cities like this, not only in the desert but everywhere around the world. And not only for businees, but for everyone to live in and enjoy whilst helping the planet become a better place for our children and the generations that follow. Everyone in the world needs to understand that there is no possible way that we will get very far if we keep hating each other.

  • Gijo

    All you cynics… either you are jealous or habitual whiners.. build something worthwhile and then talk.. who ever is yapping about the unsustainability and absurdity of middle east design should first refer ‘Estidama’, Abu Dhabi’s Version of LEED, and compare the two methods. Understand what they are trying to achieve and how much they have already accomplished. Make no mistake.. they will achieve their goals.. I am a LEED AP, and I think ‘Estidama’ kicks a**! Dont say anything thats gonna make u eat ur hats in the future..

  • Nikhil

    but finally all those projects are targeted only for the ultra rich sectors….uae is just obsessed with worlds first this , worlds first that…overall it is run as a corporation and not a country

  • And not only for businees, but for everyone to live in and enjoy whilst helping the planet become a better place for our children and the generations that follow.

  • Marcus

    Sustainable? Zero carbon? Check. Zero waste? Check. Fancy sunflower umbrellas? Check. Oh, wait! I guess somebody forgot about the water problem.