Concept villas for golf and spa resort, Dubrovnik,
by Zaha Hadid Architects

| 62 comments

Prototype villa for golf and spa club, Dubrovnik by Zaha Hadid Architects

Zaha Hadid Architects have designed two prototype villas for a site overlooking the historic town of Dubrovnik in Croatia.

Prototype villa for golf and spa club, Dubrovnik by Zaha Hadid Architects

The concepts, named "Rock" (top) and "Shell" (above), have been developed to help define the architectural style of the resort, which will eventually consist of 400 villas plus hotels and a golf course.

Prototype villa for golf and spa club, Dubrovnik by Zaha Hadid Architects

Above: Rock. Below: Shell.

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Prototype villa for golf and spa club, Dubrovnik by Zaha Hadid Architects

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Here's some text from the architects:


Concept Design Report

Introduction

The brief called for the design of two prototype Villas for a new Golf and Spa Resort in Croatia overlooking the old town of Dubrovnik. The total development comprises 400 villas, two 5* hotels, luxury apartments, retail facilities, a spa and an 18 hole golf course including a golf resort club house.

Prototype villa for golf and spa club, Dubrovnik by Zaha Hadid Architects

A recently developed master plan determines the perimeter and size of the parcels, which range from 12,000m2 to 20,000m2. The site of the prototype villas is located at the edge of the plateau with picturesque views. The prototype villas shall define the overall architectural design of the resort.

Prototype villa for golf and spa club, Dubrovnik by Zaha Hadid Architects

Site

The area of development is located north of Dubrovnik, a Unesco World Heritage Site. The land comprises 430 hectare and is located on a high plateau approximately 300m to 400m above sea level, north of the old town of Dubrovnik.

Prototype villa for golf and spa club, Dubrovnik by Zaha Hadid Architects

At the southern edge of the project site, the terrain slopes steeply towards the sea. The terrain also slightly slopes from west to east. The elevated level of the site allows for magnificent views in all directions.

Prototype villa for golf and spa club, Dubrovnik by Zaha Hadid Architects

Towards south the owner will enjoy sea views and views of the old town of Dubrovnik. In north direction one can enjoy picturesque mountain and landscape views.

Prototype villa for golf and spa club, Dubrovnik by Zaha Hadid Architects

Design Concept Option Rock

Zaha Hadid Architects architectural proposal is a distinct and unique structure with a strong sense of identity and character.

Prototype villa for golf and spa club, Dubrovnik by Zaha Hadid Architects

It has a highly expressive, sculptural quality, infused with a sense of light and space. Light and views are the driving forces of the house.

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Rock

Above: Rock - site plan. Click for larger image

The design is inspired by the Croatian karst topography. Typical karst elements such as sharp-edged cliffs, caves, dolines and sinkholes are adopted by our design.

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Rock

Above: Rock - level -1. Click for larger image

Metaphorically speaking, the structure appears like a rock, which is partly sunken into the ground.

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Rock

Above: Rock - level 0. Click for larger image

The seven bedroom house is designed as a three-level structure keeping the buildings profile low in sympathy to the surrounding landscaping and the old town of Dubrovnik.

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Rock

Above: Rock - level 1. Click for larger image

The building is positioned at the very edge of the slope to take full advantage of the views. The park and garden area to the north will be used as recreation area and buffer zone to the existing village and the semi-public road.

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Rock

Above: Rock - roof plan. Click for larger image

Design Concept Option Shell

Zaha Hadid Architects design offers long views internally and engages with the surrounding landscape. The prototype for this luxurious private residence has been developed in response to the programme, the landscape and the views.

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Rock

Above: Rock - section. Click for larger image

The house was designed to be light and spacious with sliding doors giving access to external terraces and courtyards.

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Shell

Above: Shell - site plan. Click for larger image

The private residence elongated curvilinear building shape is inspired by shell structures as they are found along the Croatian Coastline.

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Shell

Above: Shell - level -1. Click for larger image

The seven bedroom house is designed as a three-level structure keeping the buildings profile low in sympathy to the surrounding landscaping and the old town of Dubrovnik.

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Shell

Above: Shell - level 0. Click for larger image

The building is positioned at the very edge of the slope to take full advantage of the views. The park and garden area to the north will be used as recreation area and buffer zone to the existing village and the semi-public road.

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Shell

Above: Shell - roof plan. Click for larger image

Golf and Spa Resort Dubrovnik

Location: Croatia, Dubrovnik 2009
Design: Zaha Hadid with Patrik Schumacher
Project Architect: Markus Planteu
Lead Designer: Thomas Mathoy

Concept villas for golf and spa resort by Zaha Hadid Architects Shell

Above: Shell - section. Click for larger image

Project Team: Dennis Brezina, Ivan Ucros, Jesus Garate, Dimitris Akritopoulos, Muthahar Khan
Client: Razvoj Golf
Program: Residential


See also:

.

Regium Waterfront by
Zaha Hadid Architects
Symbiotic Villa by
Zaha Hadid
Rabat Grand Theatre by
Zaha Hadid Architects
  • James

    How completely necessary!

  • ADnyc

    What are these??? Why would someone put works like these in public domain?

  • kle

    nice aircraft !

  • kish

    Is Zaha married? Does she have kids?

    • http://www.facebook.com/samirsadixov Samir Sadikhov

      I was thinkin about that also :D

  • jez

    1) Press random buttons on 3dsMax, eyes closed
    2) Put some windows in it, perhaps a pool, some people
    3) Render!
    4) Blag some text about the quick design process underneath (plenty of buzzwords)
    5) Email it to Zaha on Miami beach
    6) Email back: "yeah fine"
    7) Concept project… done!

    • elis

      really?? could you do that this easy??? if you can, try and do it and maybe you could win a pritzker just like her. clearly you people don't know what you are talking about.

  • WDP

    Can we go inside or do we live in the clouds and look at the house from above?

  • John Q

    i love modern architecture but cmon, these buildings are expressionless and without soul. Is there even a point?

  • VAH

    Spacecraft landed on Earth. Was converted to house.

  • Arya

    The critique on this page is real original. well done.

    • felix

      original critique is for original buildings

      • arya

        you really got me there. well done again.

  • sdsa

    Welcome to anti zaha forum!! .

  • mistral

    would be great to see this project realised. as a croatian, i believe this development is a great opportunity for dalmatia and i am sure, with this outstanding design zaha will put dubrovnik on the map. i love it!

    • goose 2

      Dubronik has been firmly on the map for a long time! Starchitect Developments such as these are devoid of context and are potentially extremely damaging.

    • http://www.facebook.com/jurij.jagarin Jurij Jagarin

      dubrovnik is allready on the map, doesn't need this cheap architecture….dubrovnik je već u svjetskim enciklopedijama pametnjakoviću ;)

  • natalie

    Wow, amazing views and i am impressed with the private spaces!

  • 007

    JAMES BOND!!!

  • Khamon

    "The design is inspired by the Croatian karst topography"!
    "The seven bedroom house is designed as a three-level structure keeping the buildings profile low in sympathy to the surrounding landscaping"!
    "The house was designed to be light"!

    I have been many times to and around the Dalamtia cost. it's one on the most beautiful areas in the world and i am sure it's already on the map and need not some people from outer space to came and park their shuttles to create the buzz.

    Also if you look at the renderings you feel that for some reason the only area with no tress is the one where the villas are located!!! where is the respect of the surrounding and the integration into the landscape.

    Zaha is building in this beautiful environment with the same design approach she adopts in the deserts of Dubai…
    i mean i have nothing against her architecture but i think for this one it's more than tooooo much!!!!

  • felix

    this project fails whatever the design because of how unsustainable this kind of living is. zaha should have never accepted the job if she thought it would be built

  • Alias

    What's up wit the burrito house?

  • humaira

    . acctually i am proud on her ,that she make her prominent in others work and being a muslim i like her so much.
    and i am inspired by her work as well. acctually i was designing for my project and realize that it is close to her concept and design.if i have a chance to work with zaha hadid it will be pride for me.

    • archirix

      …and i, being an architect does not like it. why are you bringin religion into this?

    • carsten

      Humaira,

      Remember Zaha doesn't design herself, and the student who drew this project might not be a muslim…
      anyway why does it matter, architecture has nothing to do with traditions such as religion.

  • rodsta

    Comments so far fail to acknowledge that this design is to be multiplied by…400!
    Or say 200 "shells", 200 "rocks". The concept of villa could've made sense in Palladio's times… but how on earth the type of person who wants the "exclusivity attached to the the villa concept would buy another of the lot!

  • archirix

    what i dislike most ist the project itself, which does not lie in the hands of the architect.
    however i think everyone of us recognized that it is the work of zaha hadid architects without having to read a single work.
    the "rock"-like building seems to follow the school of the early zaha hadid works, the other fluid one represents the era when the office got bigger and design proposals were created by employees that can handle a computer and the best were chosen out. for me it looks like this time they couldn't agree on which ist the better way. referring to the coast of croatia and its shells…come on!!

  • http://www.facebook.com/people/Soledad-Garcia/1418713211 Soledad García

    Recoré viejos tiempos de estudiante con esta página. Me encanta ver las plantas, en donde el dibujo se contornea, y se acaba fundiendo con el papel. Sinembargo, no me sucede lo mismo con las imágenes 3D, siento la frialdad de este siglo, que ya habían roto, la arquitectura Holandesa, y antes, hasta el propio Le Corbusier.
    Siento que el hombre de este siglo, necesita que se le dé algo más masticado, y es el fundirse con la energía que está presente, desde mi pequeño punto de vista la arquitectura debería de dejar de ser objetos de arte en si mismos para "Ser", si es que queremos evolucionar acorde a lo que es nuestro tiempo!

    • Abla El Sherif

      Estoy de acuerdo contigo completamente

  • nicholas

    It's obvious that all Architecture and design websites, even the good ones…. love posting images of these silly PR efforts by a cabal of the same 10 obnoxious firms as they generate comments, but really, I can't stand to look at them anymore. The images are redundantly stupid, and the comments need not be repeated endlessly, there is simply no purpose to the exercise.

  • MrCoolTeapot

    Updated versions of the Schminke House, by Scharoun, or the Lovell House, by Neutra, perhaps?
    (A stretch, I know, but some aspects seem evident, sweeping roof line, etc.)

  • cloudss

    Zaha's buildings are objects like that are soon to be found on the shelves of Superbrand section of Selfridges. Together with her shoes, perfume, soon maybe Zaha's pastas, she aims to franchise herself.
    Back to her autistic approach of learning something at the AA and never really evolving, these proposals are disrespectful to its context and to all hard working architects trying to understand what this is all about, and not just offering image-based inarticulate renderings.
    Coming from Balkans, and growing up in Dubrovnik every summer, I would not like to see Zaha's sculpture park, as an egocentric trip "competing" with Unesco heritage site. We first had socialism and "Russian" style of buildings, now we have Zahaism. Why do we always take the worst from the West? We have Zaha too now, like Italians think. Btw, not to mention religion, but in regards to the above comment, I am Muslim by birth, but see no connection to Zaha's work nor am proud of anyhting.
    I do hope once more international architects start to build in this region, that the approach would be subtler and more appreciative of its context. It's an already urban disaster in most places.

  • http://www.davestasiuk.com Dave S.

    The Zaha auto-hate is always pretty funny. Not that her firm doesn't deserve some criticism, but the knee-jerk snark is pretty ridiculous. In particular, if the notion that Zaha's work being recognizable makes her a lesser architect holds any water, then it's time to throw out Corb, Mies, Rem, Wright, Rudolph, Rossi, Scarpa…hell, just about everyone (Zumthor and Herzog & DeMeuron botably excepted). Architects and their offices develop and build on formal themes and organizational strategies.

    Likewise, I'd like to challenge those that dismiss such object-architecture as this as random and easy computer work to share their own. This type of work requires no small degree of skill. If you don't like formalism, that's fine, and worthy. But please speak to that, and why. I find the criticism above regarding context the most compelling…although, personally, I find the manner in which these objects are embedded in the hillside both interesting and beautiful. And hey, take a good look at the plans, too. They're actually pretty nice, clear, and well organized. I'd love to see those spaces.

    • douglas

      … you've articulated exactly what I'd like to have said had I time to formulate a response (might do later). Especially like the call to the 'critics' to put their money where their mouths are – its always strangely devoid of links/examples from these busy architects and designers showing us how it should be done.

      • John Q

        I cant share my work with you, but I'd be glad to share with you why exactly I do not and cannot appreciate this concept.

        General Form:
        Looking at the renderings provided, my eye has a feeling of uncomfort. As an example, look at the first rendering with the road going seemingly into the building. My eye becomes confused on where to find the visual balance that should exist as well as a general unknowingness of depth that is created by the sharp and angled facade.

        Site:
        What makes me also quite angry is the way this building 'interfaces' with the site. Yes, I understand it is supposed to be representative of a rock and a shell with qualities of Croation geography, but these elements are represented in such a way that they push the site away from the building.

        For large villas such as these, please notice the very limited amount of windows available to the interior. Yet this not only detracts from people inside. Pick a rendering from above, and select one of the many windowless, white facades. Now pretend you are standing right next to the building. How do you feel?

        Other Qualms:
        I also take issue with buildings like this for theres very little indication of where what should be. Where does the facade end and the roof begin? While such a detail may be interesting for us architecture people, I'd wager a bet that whether they know it or not, it makes most people feel uncomfortable as a use for their villa.
        While a client is free to choose their homes and an architect free to prototype it I'd also like to note that the use of non rectilinear areas is very uneconomical as well as psychologically uncomfortable to some people.
        Last but not least, the buildings shown generally have a distastedful distancing from their landscape. Maybe its the way the rendering are done by pushing all the large trees a good distance away from the buildings, but the site seems so far and devoid from these concepts that I feel like the area after the grass ends could be interchanged as needed.

        Those are my qualms and they came off the top of my head. I think most of the people here that are complaining about this concept arent just emptily talking out their butt. A lot of the time you only have to look at something once and you form either a good or bad impression. Right after looking at the pictures, the impression I formed was quite negative and I went on to determine why.

        Peoples feel free to judge me well or harshly

  • dubravka

    As one of the leading places where people promote new projects and that is used also as a validation for projects, especially those in super sensitive context – like the way development of Srdj is – I would have expected much more fact checking of the context and not just copy/paste of PR texts received from architects or developers. It is no strange that similar images appeared tonight on the front page of one of the most circulated dailies in Croatia, with text that is obvious PR from the developer – what is clear is that this PR effort is aiming at creating fog around the fact that this project is the brutal privatisation of the public domain and common land – which is in fact the only one on which Dubrovnik can spread and put much needed public facilities. Highly controversial Law on Golf – that states that golf resorts are the strategic goal of Croatia and which allows not only abuse of public land, but also expropriation of private property if developer lack area and project gets political support – is in this case also abused. What this text fails to mention is that "A recently developed master plan determines the perimeter and size of the parcels, which range from 12,000m2 to 20,000m2. " – was in fact rejected by the County officials as the density and size of planned development was much higher than allowed by the Regional plan. How long we will continue to praise architects for the form they generate lavishly in 3d programs without even bothering to understand local context for which they are creating? And to provincially believe that those architects actually know better what are the needs of people?

    • douglas

      …. even taking your explanation into account, it doesn't detract from the fact that most of the critique on here is motivated by sour-grapes and functionalist dogma

  • kiberkomunist

    just like in case of "starship troopers" movie: "viewers have interpreted it variously: as a satire, as a celebration of fascism or as a simple action film." – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starship_troopers_fi

    whatever it is, when the same comes to architecture it's just ignorance and arrogance. morbid mixture.

  • cacas

    time for a little less.

    sculptures are sculptures. Not because it can be done, that it should be done.

  • liz

    i would love to buy the "shell" house – what's the price?

  • Tomislav

    Croatia needs golf courses like it needs the flu. "It'll bring jobs, prosperity…" – right: room maids and waiters. Golf is about dedicating a square kilometer of land to the occasional pleasure of the wealthy: it has nothing to do with Croatian people, each course is a small ecological disaster, each course is a thin veil over a licence to turn a huge profit on real estate, each course is bigger than all the basketball or volleyball courts in the country PUT TOGETHER… And a certain number of architects are more than willing to play along, damn everything as long as they get a new playground to play in and a healthy check at the end of the day!

  • hind

    nice work keep goning you are amazing

  • mario

    croatia needs golf!!!!!!!

  • michal

    good that it's concept only.

  • croatian

    in croatia now golf is just an exuse to build apartments. in this case 400. i think to much.

  • north

    spatially, both of the villas seem to be highly interesting. and at least both design options don't look like another dull zaha blob. well done this time!

  • oxford

    this is terrible thing to do to the croatia and ist people, culture and beautiful nature. its not worth it. croatians definitley should not allow another explotation.

  • Mark

    Croatia needs golf like a fish needs a bicycle ;)

  • Addicted

    c'mon people! it's not appropriate at all!! above the Old city?!?!… c c c … it's unbelievable what corruption and money can do… :(

    • Keyser

      Yeah, it’s unbelievable that people still dwell in the past. What’s wrong with moving towards a new direction?

  • ibrahim abu touq

    Zaha works have been positively changing the world

  • martian

    Al those negative comments: go live in a cave

  • Jonathan

    Zaha Hadid, continue with the one and only idea they ever had and doin yet another iteration of it. I am bored, architecture is truly inspiring where each solution is developed for each individual site, client and functions, not the singleminded architect blowing their horn, so loud but without out any surprise anymore.

  • Dr. Khair Bsisu

    Who's your structural designer, I'd like to design it.

  • http://www.doubleglazingtamworth.org.uk Double Glazing Tamworth

    It’s concept is awesome. It is very stylish and perfectly good for a vacationist like us. To have this kind of place you need to expend so much money for that. It’s vulnerable. I really love to have that kind of place.

  • Kate

    Zaha's scheme WAS NOT SELECTED to proceed on the project!!!!!

    If anyone would like to see the REAL Scheme that ACTUALLY WON this competitive design tender for this project in Dubrovnic, follow the link to South African Architects SAOTA:
    http://www.saota.com/#/dubrovnik_1_&_2/

  • Dennis

    Absolute heaven, cruise ships on dry land, with the ice caps melting these homes may well have a biblical design benefit (NOAH's Arc etc.

    )

  • http://www.spiritnet.co.il/ ספא

    increadible pics.. the future is closer then ever..

  • Kyle

    YOU GUYS ARE ALL IDIOTS. Just GOOGLE ZAHA HADID and look at images. Presto. IT'S ALL FUTURISTIC LOOKING. EVEN ON THEIR WEBSITE!!!!!!!! Obviously its the style Zaha Hadid incorporates. If you don't like it then go protest or egg it. Your crazy if you wouldn't want to stay there. It can always be torn down too.

  • http://thailandvillas.co.uk Thailand Villas

    Updated versions of the Schminke House, by Scharoun, or the Lovell House, by Neutra, perhaps?
    (A stretch, I know, but some aspects seem evident, sweeping roof line, etc.)
    _____
    James

  • pete roche

    As a Structural Engineer I would love get involved. As a golfer these ‘resorts’ stink. As a world citizen they disgust me. As a piece of concept geometric Architecture which open peoples mind for comment and thought bring it on. So how do I conclude? You need the wisdom of Soloman these days.

  • http://www.dubrovnikoldtown.com banksy

    What I can tell you from the field is that citizens are against it.

    1) You need to know history of Dubrovnik and then think of ideas to completely change landscape design of this 13th Century city.

    2) Would you like to live under field that is hundred times bigger than old town and what you see from below is not a golf course but houses of people that dont live there. C’mon, every fool knows that first rule of landscape design is that the horizontal can not be disturbed

    3) Would you like for your children to be poisoned by stuff they use keeping grass in condition, poisoned by water etc?

    4) Is it normal for the citizens of Dubrovnik to pay for electrical infrastructure for private projects?

    5) There is much more but as a person involved in landscape design (family business), design that is not incorporated into its surrounding is failed design. So I will even not comment on this from a design view.