Road-ready 3D-printed
car on the way


RedEye On Demand 3D printed car

News: a fuel-efficient 3D-printed car is set to hit the road in two years, according to its US-based manufacturer RedEye On Demand.

The three-wheeled, two-passenger vehicle comprises 40 large 3D-printed thermoplastic parts, compared to the hundreds of parts found in a normal car.

The URBEE 2 is being developed by RedEye On Demand and its parent company, 3D printer maker Stratasys, in collaboration with KOR EcoLogic.

So far in its development, 3D printing has largely been used to produce unique or customisable items in single editions or small runs, but the arrival of the URBEE 2 suggests it could also be applied to mass production on a huge scale.

"A future where 3D printers build cars may not be far off after all," said Jim Bartel, vice president of RedEye On Demand. "URBEE 2 shows the manufacturing world that anything really is possible. There are few design challenges additive manufacturing capabilities can’t solve."

Once it's road-ready, the designers plan to drive URBEE 2 from San Francisco to New York on just 45 litres (10 gallons) of biofuel such as ethanol.

The car is a follow-up to KOR EcoLogic's 3D-printed URBEE prototype, which was launched in 2010.

RedEye On Demand 3D printed car

We've been closely following the rise of 3D printing, reporting on plans to 3D-print a plastic house and a pen that sketches out 3D shapes in mid-air – see all 3D printing news.

Other cars we've published lately include a car with light-up wings by fashion designer Jeremy Scott and Audi's shape-shifting OLED headlights – see all car design.

Here's the press releases from RedEye On Demand:

At RedEye On Demand, 3D Printed Cars Edge Closer to Production

Road-ready URBEE 2 will set new precedent for building fuel-efficient vehicles

Minneapolis, March 7, 2013 – RedEye On Demand, a rapid prototyping and direct digital manufacturing service, and its parent company Stratasys, Ltd. (NASDAQ: SSYS) today announce a collaboration with KOR EcoLogic to produce URBEE 2, the first road-ready, fuel-efficient car built using 3D printing, or additive manufacturing, technologies. Targeted to hit the road in two years, URBEE 2 represents a significant milestone in the world of traditional assembly-line manufacturing.

"A future where 3D printers build cars may not be far off after all," said Jim Bartel, Stratasys vice president of RedEye On Demand. "Jim Kor and his team at KOR EcoLogic had a vision for a more fuel-efficient car that would change how the world approaches manufacturing and today we’re achieving it. URBEE 2 shows the manufacturing world that anythingreally is possible. There are few design challenges additive manufacturing capabilities can’t solve."

The KOR EcoLogic team will fully design URBEE 2 in CAD files, sending them to RedEye On Demand for building through Stratasys’ Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) process. This unique process applies thermoplastics in layers from the bottom up, yielding parts that are durable, precise and repeatable. The finished two-passenger vehicle will comprise 40 large, intricate 3D-printed parts compared to hundreds of parts in the average car. The strong, lightweight vehicle will be designed to go 70 mph on the freeway, using a biofuel like 100 percent ethanol. The goal is for URBEE 2 to drive from San Francisco to New York City on only 10 gallons of fuel, setting a new world record.

“As a mechanical engineer, I’ve always believed we could use technology to help us solve some of society’s greatest challenges, like minimizing our dependence on oil and reducing ozone emissions. How cool is it that American manufacturing can evolve to tackle these challenges head-on? Our team is excited to launch URBEE 2, putting a next-generation vehicle on the road that will eventually be sold to the public,” said Jim Kor, president and senior designer for Winnipeg-based KOR EcoLogic.

URBEE 2, which stands for urban electric, follows in the tracks of its conceptual predecessor, Urbee 1. Produced in 2011 as a partnership between KOR EcoLogic, Stratasys and RedEye On Demand, Urbee 1 proved that 3D printing could in fact produce large, strong parts that meet accurate specifications of a car body. URBEE 2 will take the basic concepts of Urbee 1 to a higher level, including features like a fully functioning heater, windshield wipers and mirrors.

“With the Urbee 1 project, I learned that product design is nearly unencumbered by considerations on how parts can be made with digital manufacturing. That liberation is incredibly powerful and holds a lot of potential for the future of manufacturing,” said Kor.

  • What exactly is 3D printing? I’d like to see more of the car too; does it have two or three wheels for instance?!

  • Dan Leno

    Using the technology of the day to produce an out-of-date product. Aren’t we done with cars yet?

    • Danny

      Surely all design work relating to cars must stop by this afternoon at the latest. Between today and the last day when cars are made or in common use, no innovations may be allowed.

      Why be concerned about what the last several hundred million cars will be like or how they will be manufactured?

  • Emilie

    Hi Kate,

    In the case of the URBEE, 3D printing involves heating up plastic filament and applying it layer by layer from bottom up with a tool that follows a precise path created by software. Have a look at some other 3D printing stories to find out more:

    These are the only official photos we have so far – it's not easy to tell but the URBEE actually has two front wheels and one back wheel. The URBEE website has more information:


  • A C

    So in the event of a car crash, all occupants would probably die. I totally understand using 3D printing for prototyping but the suggestion that anyone would produce an actual product with this process is ridiculous. I think people are beginning to lose sight of the limitations of this type of technology just because it is trendy.

    • name

      Are you serious?

    • Cesar Castilla

      In order to come up with new techniques which may improve technology or stuff in general, you need to explore. You don’t know if 3D printing cars may replace the current assembly line (obviously assuming improved quality and efficiency). It’s all really about the composite they use. There is one similar to the qualities of concrete. Now you can imagine that 3D printing machines will be used to print houses, buildings, etc.

    • Liam

      Not necessarily. Composite materials are currently being investigated that allow superior strength and flexibility. Ideally, once this car goes into production it probably won’t be completely 3D printed. A lightweight frame of sorts might sit within the shell providing reinforcement, tying the vehicle together in a sense. I just hope that when released, these cars may provide a real fuel alternative.

  • Bhavnesh

    What about the cost factor? 3D printing is still a long way from being cost/time effective.

    • jaron

      You sure about that?

  • JJK

    How do I replace a panel?

  • mik

    I am starting to seriously hate 3D printing. That last photo with that guy just f*ck*d my brain.

    • Flintstone

      Funniest thing I’ve read for ages.

  • Too bad it doesn't have an appealing look!

  • Rakesh Mallick

    At the core, the concept of 3D printing is so simple isn’t it? The raw material is powdered plastic or powdered metal which is melted by a heated and a nozzle cotrolled by a software applies the stuff layer by layer as per the supplied design.

    Computers had been around for a long time. Wonder why this thing has taken so long? Maybe the recession has put engineers in R&D who otherwise would be doing some high-paying industrial work, maybe some testing or stuff like that rather than the real engineers thing.