Architecture firm Snøhetta plans to transform Detroit's Michigan Central Station into a research hub for car company Ford, with proposals for a "collaborative ecosystem" of professionals to develop self-driving vehicles.
The Corktown Campus project will involve the overhaul of the historic building, which has been in disrepair for 30 years since Amtrak last used the train station, as well as nearby facilities to form a mixed-use development close to downtown Detroit.
Spanning 500,000 square feet (46,000 square metres), the renovated Michigan Central Station will house offices for Ford and its partner companies, as well as public areas.
Plans also include restaurant and retail spaces on the ground floor, with residential provision across the upper floors.
"This is where part of our team will live and work as a part of this community, alongside the customers and neighbours whose lives we're trying to make better," said Ford president and CEO Jim Hackett.
The entire Corktown Campus is estimated to cover 1.2 million square feet (111,484 square metres), which Snøhetta is set to spearhead as part of Ford's $1 billion capital improvements project.
Ford plans to implement the company's first City of Tomorrow study in Corktown, with research focusing on urban solutions, infrastructure, public transit, and smart vehicles.
The Corktown project will be the hub for Ford's electric and autonomous vehicle business teams. Here, the company plans to create an open platform "that manages information flow and transactions between different services, to help cities optimise their various modes of transit", according to a statement.
"This will be the kind of campus where the emerging economy thrives – a collaborative ecosystem of companies, educators, investors, and innovators," said Hackett.
The project will involve preservation efforts for the 18-storey Beaux-Arts-style station building, which is listed on the US National Register of Historic Places.
Completed in 1913, the structure was built by firms Warren & Wetmore and Reed & Stem – both of which are credited with designing Grand Central Terminal in New York City.
The Detroit station was designed at the same time and has similar features, including its shape and symmetry, as well as details like the exterior pillars, pilasters, arched doorways and windows.
Inside are marble walls and vaulted ceilings, resembling a Roman bathhouse. A large hall with Doric columns originally housed a ticket office and shops, while central train concourse included brick walls and a large copper skylight.
"The preservation and redevelopment of the historic Michigan Central Station will be the centrepiece of Ford's new campus in Detroit's Corktown neighbourhood," said a statement from Snøhetta, which has offices in Oslo and New York.
Nicknamed the Motor City, Detroit was once the hub of the automotive industry in America. Business magnate Henry Ford championed mass production with the assembly line at the Ford River Rouge Complex in nearby Dearborn, which was the largest integrated factory in the world when it was completed in 1928.
But with the loss of jobs that came with industrial restructuring from the 1970s, the region suffered a severe economic and population decline, leaving much of its architecture and infrastructure abandoned. However, an effort to regenerate the city over past few years seems to be turning its fortunes around.
Ford's leaders believe they can help revitalisation efforts with the Corktown Campus project, which is expected to complete by 2022.
"Michigan Central Station is a place that in many ways tells the story of Detroit over the past century," said Ford's executive chairman Bill Ford. "We at Ford want to help write the next chapter".
Other initiatives aiming to breathe life back into Detroit include a transformation of West Riverfront Park by David Adjaye and Michael Van Valkenburgh, a mixed-use development downtown by Schmidt Hammer Lassen, and a glazed commercial complex to replace a historic department store by SHoP Architects.
Images are courtesy of Ford.