German architect Ole Scheeren of Office for Metropolitan Architecture has designed a skyscraper for Bangkok in Thailand.
Called MahaNakhon, the building consists of a 77-storey glass tower.
A band of shifted, box-like elements breaks up the surface and creates terraces and balconies.
There will also be a public plaza, retail space, 200 homes, a hotel, bar and restaurant. Building is due for completion in 2010.
Images © OMA/Ole Scheeren.
Here's some more information from OMA:
Bangkok Rising: Construction to Begin on Ole Scheeren / OMA’s MahaNakhon Bangkok’s Tallest Building to be a Lush Urban Oasis with The Ritz-Carlton Residences, Public Square and Five-Star Edition Hotel Collaboration with New York’s Ian Schrager to Be Completed 2012.
In the 125 years since William Le Baron Jenney’s ten-storey Home Insurance Building in Chicago became the world’s ﬁrst skyscraper, the spectacle of soaring towers has become increasingly common wherever land is scarce, allowing cities to stack life ever taller, denser and more dynamic. Like cathedrals and palaces of the past, skyscrapers today deﬁne their cities’ identities as they shape the skyline. As the late critic Herbert Muschamp wrote of these modern wonders, “Contemporary architects reveal the inner world in the process of adorning the outer one.”
Beginning in Fall 2009, the city of Bangkok – home to an estimated 15 million people – will start to embrace an unprecedented new architectural manifestation of its extraordinary ‘inner world’ when construction begins on MahaNakhon, a dazzling tower designed by internationally celebrated German architect Ole Scheeren, Partner of the Ofﬁce for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA).
With MahaNakhon, Scheeren, whose many landmark projects include the CCTV Tower in Beijing, has crafted a gleaming 77-storey skyscraper that will be the tallest building in Thailand’s capital. The design moves beyond the traditional formula of a seamless, inert, glossy totem, and instead actively engages the city: MahaNakhon’s pixilated and carved presence embraces and connects to the surrounding urban fabric rather than overpowering it. Its glittering stacked surfaces, terraces and protrusions will simultaneously create the impression of digital pixilation and echo the irregularity of ancient mountain topography.
This architectural geography is conceived to convey the energy, intensity and inclusiveness of Thai society and celebrate Bangkok’s emergence as a true global capital, ﬁtting the Thai meaning of the name MahaNakhon, translated as ‘great metropolis’. MahaNakhon is developed by PACE Development Co., Ltd. of Bangkok with joint venture partner Industrial Buildings Corporation Public Company Ltd (IBC).
The complex, at 150,000 square meters (approximately 1,6 million square feet) seeks to communicate intimately with Bangkok from the ground up: its series of components comprise MahaNakhon Square, a landscaped outdoor public plaza intended as a new public destination within the city; MahaNakhon Terraces, 10,000 square meters (nearly 110,000 square feet) of luxury retail space with lush gardens and terraces spread over multiple levels for restaurants, cafes and a 24 hour marketplace; The Ritz-Carlton Residences, Bangkok with 200 highly-customized single-level and duplex homes, each offering the atmosphere of a skybox penthouse, managed by The Ritz-Carlton with ﬁve-star amenities for all residents; The Bangkok Edition, a signature boutique hotel with 150 hotel rooms, a collaboration between Marriott International and renowned hotelier Ian Schrager; and a multi-level roof-top Sky Bar and restaurant.
Sorapoj Techakraisri, CEO of PACE Development describes MahaNakhon as, “the result of a strongly held wish to do something for Thailand that is both an enduring architectural symbol and a very real and practical example of a ﬁrm commitment to, and conﬁdence in, our nation’s long term economic prosperity and cultural diversity. MahaNakhon will be the city’s tallest building, but more signiﬁcantly it will accurately represent the audacity of Bangkok today – the optimism and strength of Thai culture and the value of that culture to Asia and the rest of the world.”
Dalit Braun, CEO of IBC, commented, “Every nation needs a symbol of conﬁdence in its future. We believe MahaNakhon will perfectly embody the essence of a strong and forward looking country that is the gateway to Southeast Asia while serving as a bold architectural landmark. IBC feels especially privileged to be part of this truly imaginative project.”
According to its developers, MahaNakhon will be completed in 2012. Homes available at MahaNakhon will range in size from 125 square meters (1,350 square feet) to 830 square meters (8,930 square feet) with ceilings up to 3.5 meters high (approximately 11.5 feet).
With its distinctive sculptural appearance, MahaNakhon has been carefully carved to introduce a three-dimensional ribbon of architectural ‘pixels’ that circle the tower’s full height, as if excavating portions of the elegant glass curtain wall to reveal the inner life of the building – metaphorically and actually an architecture that encloses and protects its inhabitants while revealing the inner life of their city. The pixilation gives MahaNakhon an arresting proﬁle on the skyline while generating a set of very special features to house the diverse functions of the building complex in an intelligently strategic way.
Ole Scheeren’s design for MahaNakhon dismantles the typical tower and podium typology to render not a tower in isolation but instead a skyscraper that melds with the city by gradually ‘dissolving’ the mass as it moves vertically between ground and sky. This effect begins with a series of generous, cascading indoor/outdoor terraces at The Hill – the 7-storey area of tower’s base housing luxury retail and dining. Here MahaNakhon’s architecture is articulated to evoke the shifting protrusions of a mountain landscape. The Hill Terraces ﬁt keenly with the lush, cultivated tropical gardens that give way to the city’s own many green swaths.
MahaNakhon also features an adjacent freestanding 7-storey building known as the Cube, with multi-level indoor/outdoor terraces corresponding to those of the Hill Terraces across the expanse of an outdoor atrium. The outdoor atrium forms a natural valley, offering a network of social spaces with an extensive and carefully selected mix of dining and leisure facilities that serve the general public via a direct above-ground pedestrian link to the main CBD Skytrain station and plaza-level access, The Ritz-Carlton Residences in the main tower of MahaNakhon, as well as guests of The Bangkok Edition Hotel.
MahaNakhon Square, located in front of the tower, is intimately connected to the space between The Hill and Cube. This dynamic public plaza – intended as a meeting place, a spot for planned and spontaneous cultural events – will be a landscaped retreat for the city’s inhabitants, a gathering place, a rare venue for cultural and social interactivity, with direct connection to the Chongnonsi Skytrain station and future rapid bus transit system: an urban oasis that provides refuge from the intense daily clamor of greater Bangkok while offering constant easy access for reconnection to it.
The Ritz-Carlton Residences of MahaNahkon – 200 two to ﬁve bedroom homes on ﬂoors 24 through 73 of the building – will occupy projecting glass skyboxes with sweeping views and generous indoor/ outdoor spaces with plunge pools and oversized terraces uncommon to high-rise living in global capitals but well-suited to the tropical climate of Bangkok. The tower’s ‘pixels’ have been designed to maximize unobstructed panoramas for the residences, offering rare bird’s eye views of the city and the Chaophraya River.
Residences located in the non-pixilated portions of the tower will enjoy a parallel innovation: single-level and duplex units here offer grandly scaled double height living spaces equipped with custom-designed cassette curtain wall systems with ﬂoor-to-ceiling window walls and operable “bi-fold balcony windows,” as well as secondary operable ventilation panels. The bi-fold balcony windows feature glazing units that fold open inwards to the ceiling, providing an innovative and unprecedented conversion of indoor to outdoor space. Thus the MahaNakhon tower enjoys great levels of permeability and a relationship to the world beyond.
The top of the MahaNakhon tower houses a multi-level three-ﬂoor Sky Bar and restaurant with dramatic double-height spaces, private dining facilities for entertaining, and a rooftop outdoor bar with sweeping 360° views of the skyline and river, ﬂoating 310 meters (more than 1,000 feet) above the city.
About Ole Scheeren, Partner, OMA
Born in 1971 in Karlsruhe, Germany, Ole Scheeren is an internationally acclaimed architect and partner along with Rem Koolhaas in the ﬁrm of Ofﬁce for Metropolitan Architecture (OMA). Scheeren is director of OMA Rotterdam and OMA Beijing and in charge of the ﬁrm’s work across Asia. As partner-in-charge of OMA’s largest project to date, he led design and construction of the China Central Television Station (CCTV) and the Television Cultural Center (TVCC) in Beijing.
His current projects include MahaNakhon; The Scotts Tower and Gillman Heights, both in Singapore; a media center in Shanghai; and the Taipei Performing Arts Centre in Taiwan. Since 1999 he has directed OMA’s work for Prada and completed the Prada Epicenters in New York City (2001) and Los Angeles (2004). In 2006, Scheeren designed two exhibitions – one for The Museum of Modern Art in New York and another for Beijing – featuring the CCTV project. Ole Scheeren joined Rem Koolhaas and OMA in 1995 and became partner in 2002
Previously he worked for architecture ﬁrms in Germany; collaborated with 2x4, a graphic design ﬁrm in New York; and was engaged in a range of projects through his own studio in the United Kingdom. He has been involved in various art initiatives and exhibitions, such as Cities on the Move in London and Bangkok, Media City Seoul, and the Rotterdam Film Festival. Scheeren’s work is featured in the collections of major museums, including the Museum of Modern Art MoMA, New York.
He writes and lectures on a regular basis. Educated at the Universities of Lausanne and Karlsruhe, Ole Scheeren graduated from the Architectural Association in London and received the RIBA Silver Medal.
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