Urban Forest by MAD

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Beijing architects MAD have designed a skyscraper for Chongqing, China, with gardens at each level.

Rather than consider the project vertically, the architects envisage a stack of floors, each slice shifted horizontally to create spaces for gardens and patios.

The 385 metre-high building will be called Urban Forest.

Here's some text from MAD:

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Urban Forest

By the end of 2009, MAD has completed the concept design of a 385 meter high metropolitan cultural complex in the city center of Chongqing - The Urban Forest.

This is the third skyscraper designed by MAD following the Absolute Towers in Toronto and the Sinosteel International Plaza in Tianjin, China.

MAD proposes a new architectural concept for the course of Chinese urban development - to actualize a sustainable multidimensional high-rise within China’s youngest municipality, where nature reincorporates into the high-density urban environment in the near future, to evoke the affection for nature once lost in the oriental ancient world and bring to the modern city dwellers.

In the year of 1997, Chongqing became the fourth direct municipality in China.

As an important pole of the growing economy in western China, the city area of Chongqing is more than twice of those of Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin combined.

Such macro-scale urbanization should not only pushes economic growth and material prosperity, but also foster the evolution of the city’s cultural essence. Chinese cities have gone through the process of once starting from nothing, to following contemporary Western civilization urban pattern. Now, the overall economic infrastructure has oriented the direction of future development towards inland China.

What lies in the future of cities? How should one grasp the concept of emerging high-density cities of China in the context of a scenic town such as Chongqing? How does one discuss the future of architecture in Chinese cities on the base of Eastern Naturalist perspective and in the new context of China’s unique economic, social environment and globalization background? How to engage the city dwellers with an experience of nature when its presence of steadily diminishes in the face of the ever intensifying concrete jungle.

Throughout the process of contemporary Western urbanization, skyscrapers were the symbol of technological competitions, prime capitals and the formal enslavement of the powerful and the rich. Sustainable ecology became more of a demand for comfort; while the yearning of a return to nature was left ignored. The Urban Forest draws inspiration from the perspective of nature and the man-made in Eastern Philosophy, and ties the urban city life with the natural outdoor experiences.

The shape of the architecture mimics mountain range, shifting in a dynamic and yet holistic rhythm, and becomes a continuation of nature. Unlike its preceding counterparts, The Urban Forest no longer emphasizes on vertical force, instead it concentrates on the multidimensional relationships within complex anthropomorphic spaces: multilayer sky gardens, floating patios and minimal and yet well lit nesting spaces, the architectural form dissolves into the fluid spatial movements between air, wind, and light. In this environment, people encounter nature filled with unexpected surprises.

The fusion between Eastern humanism spirit and urban public spaces pioneers in the making of a sustainable multidimensional city - The Urban Forest will not be a piece of mediocre urban machinery, but an artificial organ that lives and breathes new life in the steel-and-concrete-filled city center.

Chongqing, the youngest municipality in China, holds great potential in its urban planning and construction and has the capability to be built into a most livable city, a city of pleasant environments, a traffic-jam-free city, even into a city that runs into a complete urban forest. A city with aspiration and vitality shall be courageous in envisioning and designing its great future. - Bo Xilai (Mayor of Chongqing)

In October 2009, The Urban Forest from MAD debuted in the Heart-Made, Europalia exhibition at the 2009 Europalia China. It represents the most challenging dream of the contemporary Chinese architecture --- a type of urban landmark that rises from the affection for nature. It is no longer a static icon but an organic form that changes all the time with people’s perception.

Director in Charge: Ma Yansong, Dang Qun
Design Team: Yu Kui, Diego Perez, Zhao Wei, Chie Fuyuki, Fu Changrui, Jtravis B Russett, Dai Pu, Irmgard Reiter, Rasmus Palmqvist, Qin Lichao, Xie Xinyu

Location: Chongqing, China
Typology: Commercial, Office, Hotel
Site Area: 7,700 sqm
Building Area: 216,000 sqm
Building Height: 385 m
Architectural Design: MAD Ltd
Structural Design: ARUP Group Ltd

  • Vinnyvanilla

    Ken Yeang from TR Hamzah & Yeang did something very similar with the Tokio Nara Tower in 1994.

  • art-i-tect

    A messy stack of CD’s. A bit reminiscent of Gaudi.
    Esthetically more interesting than four flat sides, realistically attainable?
    I don’t think weather is an issue, they control it now.
    I agree with flytoget, but progress and innovation has to start somewhere, someone has to take those risks.
    The 13-storey buiding that toppled over in Shanghai all of a sudden comes to mind…

  • http://joke.com a 25 foot tree weighs nothing and has a 6″ deep root zone

    this is the project that marks where MAD jumped the shark.

  • Matt

    Well there are trees in Australia that grow on very little soil coverage over the top of sandstone rock shelves and they maintain a life. This can be done and bloody well should be done. We must strive to build things like this. We have to find a way to integrate nature in this way and many more if we are to live a cleaner life. Who cares how long it would take to 3d model it. The most simple forms are often the best. How long does it take to pull up a box in sketchup and how many boxes do you see around you. This is irrelevant. I hope more people design with nature in mind.

  • raymond

    the form lacks the proportional elegance that natural terrain has as claimed as an inspiration or did I miss out something I do not see? is an unelegant form an icon in our times or we are just losing our sculpting senses? plse do not let this be part of the history of our next generation.

  • http://mmorelandesign.com michelle

    Love the idea, but I think it messes up the city skyline…individually, the units are stunning and beautifully organic in nature.

  • http://arkiqbai.multiply.com jzi

    very interesting and organic… it let people experience space beyond what is already known. i am looking forward for this project… its form really says it is from china that it holds an interpretation of what is the place is all about… it tells how the history contribute much to come with this design solution…i see a part of daniel libeskind principle here, and it really makes sense for a growing country and architecture. well, not to mention- it is one of my design concept and philosophy, having an urban forest which leads to a new height of vertical solutions and interesting experience to spaces.

  • R. Camera

    that’s a wonderful idea, fricking great

  • http://archideas.de.vu ole storjohann

    i dont see why this should be a sustainable building, but the old chinese reference image is quiet nice.

  • http://www.facebook.com/stephen.blanchette Stephen Blanchette

    This will be a big wow for Chongqing. Looks fantastic…

  • http://dezeen.com jonsia

    Sorry, too messy for me =(