Zaha Hadid's D'Leedon in Singapore has towers with petal-shaped plans

Search results:

Zaha Hadid's D'Leedon complex in Singapore features towers with petal-shaped plans

Seven skyscrapers with flower-shaped plans are dotted across this residential complex in Singapore, which was completed by Zaha Hadid's firm before her untimely death last month (+ slideshow).

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

Finished in late 2014, D'Leedon is one of the last projects to be delivered by the Iraqi-born British architect, who passed away last month after suffering a heart attack in a Miami hospital.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

The largest condominium complex anywhere in Singapore, it comprises seven curvaceous towers extending up to heights of 150 metres, a row of contemporary villas, and a wide array of facilities including swimming pools, tennis courts and a labyrinth.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

There are 1,715 residential units in total, and these range from small flats and garden duplexes to family apartments and so-called sky penthouses.

"With D'Leedon, Zaha Hadid Architects explored new possibilities in large-scale residential design, rethinking each element of the design and bringing together concepts of individuality, differentiation and continuity," said a statement from the firm.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

In response to the tropical climate, the seven towers are positioned to minimise sun exposure. They match one another in height, but their unique flower-shaped plans create a wide of variety of home types.

On every floor, each single petal accommodates just one apartment, meaning most homes have views in three directions. This allows all living rooms to open onto balconies, and also brings natural light into bathrooms and kitchens.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

Floor plans change shape on different levels, and the number of petals per floor varies between tower. Some contain just four large units per level, while others contain six or eight.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

There is also a variation of the six-petal plan, creating 12 units per floor. This gives residents the opportunity to buy two connecting homes, which can be combined at a later date as the family grows.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

In total, there are more than 300 different home layouts.

"The generative floor plan of the petal changes shape along the height of the tower in relation to the different configuration and type of residential units," said Zaha Hadid Architects.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

"The changing composition of unit type enables the towers to respond to a series of parameters dictated by site conditions, internal organisation and structural optimisation," added the studio.

A bespoke concrete shuttering system provides the structure of each tower, making the curved forms possible. Externally the walls are clad with smooth concrete panels, while concrete balconies and bay windows were cast on site.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

The towers taper in at the bottom, creating more space for landscaping. It is on these lower levels that the duplex apartments are located, allowing them to each have private gardens and parking spaces.

"Through rotating the buildings across the site, and the careful use of balconies and facade panelling, a combination of self-similar towers produce an incredible amount of diversity across the development," said Zaha Hadid Architects.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

The 12 semi-detached villas are located along the western edge of the site, and are all three storeys in height. Each one has a staggered profile, creating a series of terraces and balconies.

The rest of the site is organised in bands, described by the architects as terraced plateaus. There are five in total, with the names Rock, Forest, Water, Foothills and Meadow.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

Within these different areas there are various health facilities, including a spa, a large gymnasium, three tennis courts, two swimming pools, and other water features such as a children's play pool and hot tubs.

Other notable inclusions are a few shops and restaurants, barbecue areas and the bamboo labyrinth.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

D'Leedon is located west of the city centre, near the Singapore Botanic Gardens. Other major new residential projects on this side of the city include Moshe Safdie's Sky Habitat and Ole Scheeren's reversal of tower blocks, The Interlace.

The project is Hadid's first in Singapore, and one of very few housing developments completed by the architect. She was better known for cultural and sports buildings, including the MAXXI museum in Rome and the Aquatics Centre for the London 2012 Olympics.

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid

Since her death last month, architects from around the world have paid tribute. Norman Foster praised her "courage, conviction and tenacity", while Rem Koolhaas told Dezeen she was "a combination of beauty and strength".

The firm announced this week it will continue to practice without its late founder and figurehead.

Photography is by Hufton + Crow.


Project credits:

Architects: Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA) – Zaha Hadid and Patrik Schumacher
ZHA project directors: Michele Pasca di Magliano, Vivivana Muscettola
ZHA design team: Ludovico Lombardi, Clara Martins, Loreto Flores, Stephan Bohne, Amita Kulkarni, Soomeen Hahm, Yung-Chieh Huang Kanop Mangklapruk, Marina Martinez, Andres Moroni, Juan Camilo Mogollon, Michael Rissbacher, Luca Ruggeri, Luis Miguel Samanez, Nupur Shah, Puja Shah, Muhammed Shameel, Shankara Subramaniam, Manya Uppal, Katrina Wong, Paolo Zilli, Andrea Balducci Caste, Kutbuddin Nadiadi, Effie Kuan, Helen Lee, Hee Seung Lee, Annarita Papeschi, Feng Lin, Bianca Cheung, Dominiki Dadatsi, Kelly Lee, Jeonghoon Lee, Hoda Nobakhti, Judith Wahle, Zhong Tian, Akhil Laddha, Naomi Chen, Jee Seon Lim, Line Rahbek, Hala Sheikh, Carlos S Martinez, Arianna Russo, Peter McCarthy, Sevil Yazici, Sandra Riess, Federico Rossi, Eleni Pavlidou, Federico Dunkelberg, Evan Erlebacher, Gorka Blas, Bozana Komljenovic, Sophie Le Bienvenu, Jose M Monfa, Selahattin Tuysuz, Edward Calver, Yung-Chieh Huang
ZHA concept team: Michele Pasca di Magliano, Vivivana Muscettola, Ta-Kang Hsu, Emily Chang, Helen Lee, Kelly Lee
Local architect: RSP
Developer: CapitaLand Singapore, Hotel Properties Limited and two other shareholders
Structure: AECOM
M&E: BECA, Max Fordham (concept)
Quantity surveyor: Davis Langdon and Seah Singapore Pte Ltd.
Landscape: ICN, GROSSMAX (concept)
Lighting design: LPA
Acoustic engineering: Acviron

d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid
Volumetric study – click for larger image
d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid
Petal layout comparison diagram – click for larger image
d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid
Site plan – click for larger image
d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid
Section one – click for larger image
d'Leedon Singapore by Zaha Hadid
Section two – click for larger image