Team Paul de Vroom + Sputnik completes pair of Dutch towers in Moscow
Dutch House is a pair of brick apartment blocks in Moscow designed by Rotterdam studio Team Paul de Vroom + Sputnik to directly reference the architecture of the Amsterdam School.
The 19- and 20-storey towers, which contain 360 apartments, were designed to stand out from the blocks that surround them in western Moscow's District 75.
To do this the architecture studio looked to the style of the Amsterdam School, developed in the early-1900s.
"Our client Krost asked specifically for Dutch architecture that would reference the rich cultural history of the Netherlands," Team Paul de Vroom + Sputnik told Dezeen.
"We looked beyond the iconic canal-house facades of the Dutch Golden Age period in the 17th-century that are known all over the world. Instead we took the Amsterdam School as an inspiration and reference."
The pair of matching towers each have stepped facades with large curved bay-windows running diagonally up them that take their form from the Dutch style.
"The formal language of the Amsterdam School emphasises creative use of materials, refined architectural details and a precise way of construction," continued the studio.
"A contemporary architecture was developed based on the idiom of the Amsterdam School: explicit plasticity with preferably rounded forms, rhythmic repetition of volumes, vertical articulation and repetitive square windows."
The form of the towers was also determined by Russia's building codes that require each room to receive at least two hours of sunlight every day, and the site, which is surrounded by high-rises.
The stepped-shaped plan means that each apartment has windows with two orientations, making it easier to meet this requirement on the overshadowed site.
The pair of residential towers are clad in red brick made in the Netherlands.
"For the Dutch House we used a Dutch handform brick that is produced by Wienerberger in the south of Holland," said the studio.
"The red/orange colour is natural but makes the buildings stand out in the context of mainly white and grey buildings, like two actors on a stage."
Internally the corridors and lobbies are decorated with patterned natural-stone walls, dark wooden doors and ceilings, and bronze door handles.
Paul de Vroom Architecten + Sputnik was formed in 2014 when the studios of Paul de Vroom and Sputnik joined to collaborate on projects.
Dutch House is part of Moscow's continued development. Other residential projects happening in the city include a constructivist-inspired tower block designed by MVRDV and a "horizontal skyscraper" by Herzog & de Meuron.
Photography is by Ilya Ivanov.
Design office (architecture buildings & interior of lobby’s and corridors): Team Paul de Vroom + Sputnik
Landscape design: SIA Florius
Graphic design parking garage: Archetype
Head contractor: Krost