Some of the country's best-known creatives are using a combination of craft skills and digital savvy to protest against the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA), which was passed into law on 11 December 2019.
The act allows refugees from religious minorities to become Indian citizens but leaves out Muslims, leading to anger and often violent protests around the country.
Protesters, who believe the act discriminates against Muslims and could lead to millions of people becoming stateless, have had to negotiate curfews and internet shutdowns imposed by the government. Thousands of people have been arrested and dozens killed.
"When lots of people feel oppressed, art comes into the centre of their lives in very powerful ways," said Orijit Sen, one of India's foremost graphic novelists, who has produced a stream of cartoons, memes and posters opposing the act.
"It's about being in solidarity with each other," he said.
The suspension of internet services in parts of the country has led to a revival of hand-made media such as graffiti, posters and printed pamphlets, according to Assam-based designer Abhishek Choudhury.
"During times of internet shutdowns, digital posters wouldn't really work, because how would you share them?" said Choudhury, who is a member of Gauhati Art Project.
"So the traditional routes like zines and graffiti, which don't leave any digital trails, look very attractive," he said."We have a bunch of people who help get the artworks out there, share the printing costs and turn them into protest signs."
"In this period, a lot of people have found their voice to use art to express on this topic," said Bangalore-based graphic novelist and artist Appupen of Brainded India.
Appupen's work has been widely adopted by protesters both to create banners for marches and memes for social media.
"After this, maybe when we get to a better future, people can use art to say many more things," he continued.
"During protests like this, you're accessing a rage that's been simmering for a long time, that suddenly boils over," said Mira Malhotra, a Mumbai-based designer and part of Kadak, an all-female collective of South Asian graphic storytellers.
"It is a non-violent, constructive expression of collective rage and shock" she added. "I find it ludicrous to mourn the death of democracy but celebrate its saving grace: great art."
Kadak has created Creatives Against CAA, an online repository of shareable and printable posters and informational material. Many designers have submitted their work and protestors have widely made use of these resources.
Among them is work from an Instagram page called @sodonechilling, which appropriates the popular MS Paint aesthetic format of "Good morning" messages that are popular among Indian users of WhatsApp.
The "Good morning" greeting, which is forwarded by Indians in such large numbers that it caused the app to freeze in 2018, is being used to disguise important information and circulate anti-fascist slogans in family WhatsApp groups.
"It was a way for us to push back against what has become a misinformation crisis," a spokesperson for @sodonechilling said anonymously over WhatsApp.
"People tell us they've rejoined their family WhatsApp groups just to send them these forwards. Many have expressed that it's the first time they've been political in their family WhatsApp groups."
Over 30 artists have created and submitted art to @sodonechilling's page in this format.
"The point of the art more than anything is to remind people about the constitution and their rights," the spokesperson.
The CAA, which came into effect on January 10, relaxes the criteria for the followers of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian faiths – but not Muslims – from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan to naturalise as Indian citizens and be listed as "genuine Indian citizens" on the National Register of Citizens.
Those whose names are excluded from the register are declared illegal immigrants and detained. In Assam, where it was first implemented, 1.9 million names were missing from the register.
Of these, only non-Muslims have a chance to naturalise as citizens under the CAA.