Defunct tower silos, car parks and Soviet cultural centres are given a renewed purpose in this VDF school show, featuring student projects from the Technical University Munich's Department of Architecture.
The ten designs below were taken from the school's AJA 2020 end-of-year exhibition, which features work created as part of the school's graduate and undergraduate degrees.
Under the title Update Architecture, the show explores approaches such as adaptive reuse and urban mining (the process of reclaiming materials and compounds from existing buildings) that advocate for a more responsible use of resources in the industry.
Technical University Munich
University: Technical University Munich (TUM), Department of Architecture
Courses: BA and MA Architecture, BSc Landscape Architecture
Digital student showcase: aja-tum.de
Curators of graduate showcase: Andres Lepik, Mirko Haselroth, Lisa Luksch and Anna-Maria Mayerhofer
"TUM's Department of Architecture offers an unusually wide range of subjects across the three competence fields of Urban and Landscape Transformation, Integrated Building Technologies and Cultural Heritage, History and Criticism. Our central task is to develop strategies for the transformation of our built environment. Starting from the core activity of designing, we synthesise and contextualise complex spatial solutions. Our vision is to successfully integrate design practice into research.
"The department's AJA 2020 graduate show highlights theoretical and practical design projects discussing the topic of Update Architecture: how do we deal with today's social and ecological challenges at our faculty? Where is an update necessary? The ten selected projects show different positions dealing with these questions."
Copy Paste Culture by Anna Gonchar, MA Architecture
"This project focuses on typified Houses of Culture: public, Soviet cultural institutions, numerously constructed following a singular typology. The network of Houses of Culture and clubs in modern Russia is a relic of the Soviet era.
"But nowadays, this typology could help to make rural regions in Russia more attractive. Contemporary ideas could renew the House of Culture as a public space. Through extensive analysis of historical material and case studies, this project explains the typology of the House of Culture and its functions as a foundation for further progress."
Tutor: Prof. Andres Lepik, Chair of History of Architecture and Curatorial Practice
The Intelligent Ruin: Seville by Björn Rey Swedjemark, Marc Alexander Josef Mair and Nikolai Zamarajev Fischer, MA Architecture
"Buildings of the future should be 'intelligent' and have a built-in capacity for addition and alteration. Intelligent buildings should be adaptable, reusable, capable of being reconfigured and reorganized. But they should also have a strong physical presence and be imbued with a specific urban character, so that they are a recognizable element in the city.
"While it may seem paradoxical, it is this strong physical presence, this 'rootedness', that allows a building to remain open to new interventions. Our project tries to explore the kind of 'intelligent ruin', which has a rich figurative structure offering both expressive character and a broad potential for inhabitation – a space available for reappropriation over time and open to being reimagined."
Tutors: Prof. Bruno Krucker and Prof. Stephen Bates, Chair for Urbanism and Housing
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New Giesing by Ann-Kathrin Gügel and Caroline Böhm, MA Architecture
"This project critically examines the theoretical approaches of structuralism and asks: how do we want to live? Since living space is scarce and expensive, communal spaces are of great importance. Simultaneously, the social desire for individuality and flexibility is growing.
"The result is a large structure with its own inner world, characterised by private, open-air rooms and community roof gardens. The primary supporting, grid-based structure is visible inside the apartments in the form of columns. The regular shifting of the secondary, space-creating layer of the walls creates a variety of spatial effects and flexible forms of living."
Cañada's (In)formal REALanguage by Fabian Johannes Maria Konopka, BSc Landscape Architecture
"Cañada Real Galiana, located in the east of Madrid, is considered the largest informal settlement in Europe. Due to its structurally informal character, the settlement – grown over decades – is perceived as an external intrusion in the landscape, which is increasingly shaped by large-scale projects in the suburban area of the capital.
"This project hypothesises that the social integration of Cañada, as a shared communication between different subcultures, depends on the spatial communication of the associated landscape areas. Following this approach, the different landscape areas are considered as different structural languages, which are conveyed together through the spatial design from the regional to the neighbourhood scale."
Transforming a multi-storey car park in Munich by Johann Klause and Kéan Koschany, BA Architecture
"A future of car-free cities raises the question of how to deal with built environments like car parks or garages in urban areas. In the inner city of Munich alone, there are up to ten multi-storey car parks from the postwar period, some of them hosting up to 1.200 parking lots in about 28,000 square metres of space.
"This project shows how an unused car park in Munich could be transformed into a space that offers different kinds of new usages for the public and the residents and that brings the manufacturing industry back into the city."
Seven Follies by Jonas Hamberger, MA Architecture
"'It's nice to walk in the woods; it's just as nice to sit on an urban boulevard and read the newspaper, but it's terrible to wander around in the distance green when you're driven out of your apartment.' - Klaus Theo Brenner in Heterotope.
"With the intervention of architectural elements as identity-creating factors, the potential of micro-architectures in public spaces can be explored to promote the acceptance and recapture of derelict urban spaces by the population. There is the chance of a cultural re-densification of previously unnoticed, unused or wasted spaces."
Social Utopia by Lisa Häberle, MA Architecture
"By 2070, close to 70 per cent of humanity will spend their everyday lives in urban agglomerations, although there is a lack of affordable housing in inner-cities. But Germany constructed 4.9 million subsidised apartments between 1949 and 1975, some with a high level of resident satisfaction.
"This design is based on an examination of this building typology, using it as the basis for a reproducible architectural typology for the 21st century. Characteristic structural and conceptual elements were adapted to the current political, social and architectural habitus. Synthesising them with the existing infrastructure creates new spacial opportunities for subsidised housing as well as spatial commons for social justice and equal access to urban goods."
Urban Mining Augustenstraße by Sophia Brauner and Elena Kögel, BA Architecture
"How will architects of the future be able to solve the issue of a constantly rising demand for new housing when necessary resources are no longer available? Turning old into new, this project deals with the concept of densification by adding an extension of five meters to the part of the building's facade that faces the street.
"The construction and the design of the extension is driven by the concept of urban mining, which argues that existing buildings and facades reveal great potential as sources for many different building materials. When these recycled parts are put together to form new buildings, a unique atmosphere is created which should always remind us of the potential and beauty of the resources we have in our cities."
Living in a silo by Theresa Zellner, Florian Nagl and Sara Lipponer, BA Architecture
"This project showcases the possibilities of converting existing buildings and generating high-quality living spaces in the example of an old concrete tower silo in the centre of a market town. Space efficiency is achieved by minimising private and maximising communal spaces.
"Wooden platforms, nets and bridges create exciting vertical spaces. Interior living areas intertwine with the space behind the green facade, accentuating a close-knit relationship with nature. Self-sufficiency is an integral component, as new social forms and a model for a new sense of home are created."
Market Hall by Viktoria Kelderer and Matthias A. Peterseim, MA Arch
"The Market Hall is a place of gathering in the vibrant quarter of Maxvorstadt in Munich. As a transitory building, it mediates between the cityscape and the old northern cemetery. A rigid, regular plan on human scale creates a variety of harmonious sequences and complex views across the market.
"Each of the eight halls around the central fountain courtyard accommodates four market stalls, which are enclosed by strong masonry pillars. A modest metal roof unifies the space and protects visitors from atmospheric conditions. All materials used are joined in a recyclable manner and can be separated from each other."