Dezeen Magazine

An aerial view of a patterned public plaza

Casanova + Hernandez completes patterned public square based on an Albanian carpet

Dutch studio Casanova + Hernandez has completed a landscaping project in the Albanian village of Shiroka, comprising a waterfront plaza and streetscape that uses granite stones to replicate a traditional carpet pattern.

The Rotterdam-based studio was commissioned by the Albanian Development Fund to oversee the redevelopment of the waterfront on the shores of Shkodra Lake, which is near the border with Montenegro.

The area had been occupied by private houses, restaurants and parking areas that were constructed illegally in the years following the fall of communism in Albania in the early 1990s.

An aerial view of a patterned plaza in Albania
Above: Albanian Carpet is a patterned plaza. Top image: it is made from blocks of granite

The Albanian Carpet project involved demolishing the existing structures to create Shiroka Square, a 20,000-square-metre public space from which citizens can enjoy views across the lake.

"The project not only aims to physically and functionally restore Shiroka waterfront but also to rebuild the feeling of belonging and attachment to the public space," Casanova + Hernandez claimed.

The entire square, as well as the pavements, street and seating were constructed using black and white granite blocks laid in a pattern typical of Albanian carpets.

According to the architects, the decision to use a design based on traditional carpets was intended to lend the public space "a unique and domestic identity".

A patterned streetscape made from granite
It is intended to evoke traditional Albanian carpets

As well as being informed by carpets, the landscaping was designed to evoke the feeling of a house consisting of rooms with specific functions, the architects said.

The layout of the open-air zones is influenced by a kind of room called an oda, which is common in traditional Albanian homes. These rooms are typically used to entertain guests and feature low benches lining the space on three sides.

An aerial view of a patterned waterfront in Albania
The paving doubles as steps and seating in some areas

Casanova + Hernandez reinterpreted the oda by introducing U-shaped benches to the waterfront plaza that partly enclose areas dedicated to different uses.

"These rooms open the views over the lake and stimulate citizens' interactions with different uses such as a playground room, picnic room, lounge room, amphitheatre and the fishermen's room," the architects added.

An aerial view of the Albanian Carpet landscaping project
New and existing trees are integrated in the design

The benches are made from wood, which was also used for picnic tables and other street furniture nearby. At the apex of each seating area, the stone paving forms steps that can be used for seating to turn the central plaza into a space for performances or events.

Several existing trees around the edges of the square were integrated into the design and are joined by younger trees that will provide shade where it is required.

A decorative waterfront plaza in Shiroka
It is hoped to encourage walking in the area. Photo is by Jesus Hernandez

Shiroka Square forms part of a wider regeneration of the village's waterfront, which focuses on improving pedestrian access and minimising traffic.

A parking area has been created at the village's entrance to encourage visitors to walk rather than drive to the various amenities.

A waterfront with angular street furniture
Street furniture features throughout. Photo is by Jesus Hernandez

A further phase of the project will see the construction of the Museum of Shkodra Lake on a promontory that will extend out into the water from the square. This will advance the Albanian Development Fund's objective to turn Shiroka into an important recreational, cultural and tourist centre.

Casanova + Hernandez previously transformed an old government building in the nearby city of Shkodra into the Marubi National Photomuseum, adding a two-storey extension with a gridded glass facade to an existing historic building.

Photography is by Ergys Zhabjaku unless stated.

More images and plans

Floor plan for the Albanian Carpet
Floor plan
The decorative Albanian Carpet landscape project
A patterned waterfront plaza made from granite
Photo is by Jesus Hernandez
A stepped waterfront made from granite
Photo is by Jesus Hernandez
The patterned Albanian Carpet landscape project by Casanova+Hernandez Architects
Photo is by Jesus Hernandez
The waterfront of Shiroka in Albania
Photo is by Jesus Hernandez
A granite urban landscape by Casanova+Hernandez Architects
Photo is by Jesus Hernandez