Dezeen Magazine

A greenhouse-like structure containing agricultural buildings

Steel-and-glass "greenhouse" envelops existing buildings at Paddenbroek Education Centre

Jo Taillieu Architecten has transformed a former fruit farm in the Belgian village of Gooik into an educational centre featuring refurbished agricultural buildings enclosed within a greenhouse-like structure.

The Paddenbroek Education Centre was established by the municipality of Gooik to educate visitors about the countryside, in particular the surrounding Pajottenland region.

The facility's mission is both educational and ecological and focuses on the relationship between nature, agriculture, tourism, recreation and regional identity.

A greenhouse-like educational centre
Above: a fruit farm in Belgium has been transformed into an educational centre. Top image: it is encased by a greenhouse-like structure

Jo Taillieu Architecten was approached to oversee the renovation and extension of a derelict fruit farm to create a series of multifunctional spaces that can be used for recreational activities.

The architects chose to preserve some of the farm buildings to maintain a connection with the site's past. Parts of other buildings were also salvaged and reused in the new spaces.

The exterior of the Paddenbroek Education Centre
The greenhouse encases old agricultural buildings

The unheated greenhouse-like structure built around the old brick buildings is intended to evoke the region's agricultural vernacular.

"The old farmhouse underwent a metamorphosis whereby the farmhouse was dismantled and a volume of glass and steel was constructed all around to maximise the flexibility and shared use of space," said Jo Taillieu Architecten.

A greenhouse containing old agricultural buildings
It nods to agricultural vernacular

The glazed structure follows the size and orientation of the existing buildings, with the roof height decreasing from north to south in relation to the volumes it contains.

The saw-tooth profile features north-facing vertical glazing and sloping south-facing roofs. These are partially covered in photovoltaic panels to generate energy whilst also protecting the interior from direct sunlight.

The metal and glass exterior of the Paddenbroek Education Centre
The saw-tooth roof features photovoltaic panels

Paddenbroek Education Centre's open interior space is planned as a gathering place for visitors and as a starting point for hiking and cycling tours. It contains a cafe and reception desk operated by the local tourism office.

"The greenhouse serves as an unheated in-between space," the architects added. "The charm of the building is the layering of the old and new structures and communication with its surroundings by making a design in which every facade has its own perspective on the surroundings and vice versa."

A refurbished agricultural building in Belgium
A preserved farmhouse building contains office space

The preserved farmhouse building now contains offices on the ground floor, with meeting rooms on the level above.

Ornamental mantlepieces salvaged from the existing buildings take pride of place in the new rooms.

The building's upper floor and roof are wrapped in grey fibre-cement slates laid in a diamond pattern.

The same grey slates are used for the roof of a smaller brick building that extends through the glass facade to form a protective canopy over a restored loam oven.

A refurbished agricultural building in Belgium
Slate tiles have been added to the old structures

A small, circular concrete room beside the central staircase contains a pellet-fired stove, which is used for the few heated spaces within the building.

Throughout the Paddenbroek Education Centre, primary colours emphasise different functions, such as the blue-painted staircases, yellow balustrades and red structural elements.

Red steel structure and a blue staircase
Primary colours brighten the space

Architect Jo Taillieu founded his eponymous office in 2004. He went on to collaborate for several years with Jan De Velder and Inge Vinck on projects including a house with a tree bursting through its roof.

Photography is by Filip Dujardin.

More images and plans

Ground floor plan of the Paddenbroek Education Centre
Ground floor plan
First floor plan of the Paddenbroek Education Centre
First floor plan
Section of the Paddenbroek Education Centre
An office encased by a greenhouse
The glazed exterior of the Paddenbroek Education Centre
A statement blue staircase
The interiors of the Paddenbroek Education Centre
The interiors of the Paddenbroek Education Centre
The interiors of the Paddenbroek Education Centre
The interiors of the Paddenbroek Education Centre
The exterior of the Paddenbroek Education Centre