"The trash is just everywhere, in the streets and rivers," said Daniel Mitchell, who founded Bali design studio Space Available in the midst of last year's coronavirus lockdown. "It's heartbreaking."
"It's not the fault of the people, there's just very little structural support, waste collection or education," he added. "Households are left to dispose of their own waste and most ends up in rivers or being burned."
"The aim was to create an everyday object that can start conversations and instigate awareness and change," Mitchell explained.
Gou is a Berlin-based DJ, who releases music under her own label Gudu Records and was the first South Korean artist to play the city's iconic Berghain nightclub.
Her chair design features an under-seat storage unit for vinyl records and a hypnotic spiral pattern that is swirled into the melted plastic by hand before it has time to set and harden into sheets.
"We then use these sheets like wood and we work with local Balinese artisans who make the chair by hand in their workshop," he explained.
The final chair can be assembled without the need for screws, staples or glue, simply by using plastic offcuts created in the process of trimming the sheets as welding rods.
Melted with a heat gun, they fuse the different components together in a method that Mitchell claims produces zero waste and allows the whole chair to be recycled again at the end of its life.
"The chair is made of just one material, which is really key for recyclability. When too many materials are mixed, it usually makes products very hard to recycle."
Although it is vital to recycle the plastic that has already been created, Mitchell argues that a ban on single-use plastics is the only real solution to the global waste crisis.
"Western countries send much of their trash here or to other locations around Asia, they just brush it under the carpet," he said.
"I think banning single-use plastic is the only way at this stage. But implementing that will be very difficult and there's no immediate replacement within the current system," Mitchell added.
"Awareness is growing but corporations and governments should be the ones taking responsibility."
He explained how Potato Head regularly stages beach cleanups and turns the plastic waste found in the process into furniture and other amenities that are then put to use in its hotels and beach clubs.
A slew of other designers have created seating designs from recycled plastic in a bid to make a dent in the 300 million tonnes of plastic waste produced globally every year – or at least raise awareness around the issue.
While Tom Robinson used e-waste like old laptops to form his Evolve Chair, South Korean designer Haneul Kim fashioned a stool from discarded face mask and Norwegian brand Vestre used ocean plastic to create its Coast bench.