Parliamentary Complex of the Republic of Albania
by Coop Himmelb(l)au


Parliamentary Complex of the Republic of Albania by Coop Himmel B(l)au

Architects Coop Himmelb(l)au of Vienna have won a competition to design a new parliamentary building in Tirana for the Republic of Albania.

Parliamentary Complex of the Republic of Albania by Coop Himmel B(l)au

The parliamentary hall will be housed in a central glazed cone and members of the public will be able to access the roof of the building plinth to look down into the hall.

Parliamentary Complex of the Republic of Albania by Coop Himmel B(l)au

The project also includes a cone-shaped entrance hall and block of offices.

Parliamentary Complex of the Republic of Albania by Coop Himmel B(l)au

More about Coop Himmelb(l)au on Dezeen »

Parliamentary Complex of the Republic of Albania by Coop Himmel B(l)au

The following details are from Coop Himmelb(l)au:

COOP HIMMELB(L)AU’s winning scheme for ‘The New Parliamentary Complex of the Republic of Albania’ officially confirmed

Wolf D. Prix/ COOP HIMMELB(L)AU presents the new ‘Open Parliament of Albania’ in Tirana which incorporates fundamental democratic values such as openness, transparency and public co-determination. The building, located on a site area with approximately 28,000 m2, is going to be the first project in Albania for the Viennese headquartered studio.

"Our design for the new Parliament in Tirana, Albania, stands for the transparency of democracy”, according to Wolf D. Prix, Design Principal and CEO of COOP HIMMELB(L)AU.

Architectural Concept

As the future political center of the Albanian Republic, the Open Parliament of Albania creates an outstanding architectural landmark in one of the main parts of Tirana’s urban fabric. Situated along the compositional axis of the city, it is located in vicinity to the major governmental institutions.

The design for the Open Parliament of Albania relies on three main ideas:

  • To provide a strong urban statement in this exposed part of Tirana’s urban fabric;
  • To assemble the different functions in one building ensemble that is compact enough to create a public forum and a park on the southern part of the site;
  • To create a unique building for the most important public institution of the Albanian Republic with a contemporary architectural approach shaped to optimize active and passive energy use.

The design incorporates fundamental democratic values such as openness, transparency and public co-determination. The simultaneity of competing political concepts within a democratic society is translated into the design concept: Different building elements are not opposed, but coexist in one building ensemble with a contemporary aesthetic that allows visualizing new functions and meanings.

The core of the building complex is the parliamentary hall that is situated in a glazed cone and stands for the transparency of the legislation. A public stair leads from the public forum to the landscaped roof of the plinth building that unites all the different building elements of our design: Office block, entrance structure and parliamentary hall. From the plinth the public is able to look into the parliamentary hall even from the outside.

The main entrance is designed as a massive cone, which creates an impressive space and acts as the counterpart to the glazed parliamentary hall.

Energy Concept

The new parliamentary building for the Republic of Albania is designed to capture the natural resources and energy flows of its surroundings and employ them to provide optimal environmental conditions for its occupants. The special configuration of the building form and the optimization of the building envelope together with the use of renewable energy sources ensure an energy efficient design and reduce reliance on fossil fuel energy sources. The office building is covered with a second skin made of perforated steel that is specially configured to improve building performance related to optimum daylight use, views, solar control, glare protection, thermal insulation, natural ventilation and noise protection.

See also:


Town Town by
Coop Himmelb(l)au
Pavilion MINI Opera Space by Coop Himmelb(l)au Art Museum Strongoli
by Coop Himmelb(l)au

Posted on Friday April 1st 2011 at 12:18 pm by . Copyright policy | Comments policy

  • yuc

    It must be exciting to be on that plinth. The building is courageous as expected from that firm.

    Yet that big blok hovering above the plinth is too heavy. And glare and solar over-heating will be a big problem despite the claims on the contrary.

  • Marco

    That's not exactly a timeless design.

  • Manuel

    They shouldn´t write about the 'Architectural Concept', because there isn´t any. If you read it, it is just about generic and vague words. That confirms my dissapointment when I readed some texts from Wolf Prix – they just have nothing to say. It is just about being cool, extravagant or cr iconic. You can compare them with the 'awful' Calatrava.

  • gerhard

    what formal rubbish, i am so sorry for the neighbours living next to it. looks like a transformation of a nuclear power station, really bad. how can those offices get so famous?

  • ellie

    A prise winning building??.. This is just an other autonomic building, what has nothing to express, other than a lot of different styles coming awfully together..

  • DENTIST061


  • Slater

    Wow, a glazed central cone so the public can view the parliament, seems quite similar to the Reichstag in Berlin. Someone needs to call Foster and tell him that Coop-H is stealing his ideas for government buidings.

    • ryan

      It is similar and its also a great idea. Who says that because it was done once it can't be done again. I don't think Coop Himmelblau is claiming to have come up with the idea. They are using a concept that was successful for the Reichstag.

  • Red

    I like it! I think it´s a very well tuned design and the glassed body looks amazing.

    Luckily there are still jurys that have the courage to pick an adventures building.

    And I also think it is courages to try to push the envelope.
    To take the gamble of investing time and money into developing something new, that enriches an urban environment with something that doesn´t crawl beforehand under the dictatorship of the fordist machines that only produce straight objects. Because it´s the easiest, the form we don´t even question anymore, because you can buy it in any store and therefore you can build at every corner.

    All this jealous hating should be underneath any architects good taste,
    if one can´t understand that humans have more than one understanding of designing a building, just stop doing it, just stick to engineering,
    do the technical stuff and don´t bother anymore, you´ll be doing everybody with an open mind a great favor.

    • halllloooo

      Daring and adventurous designs are great. I am a fan of Wolf Prix and Coop Himmelb[l]au (…..early works). They didn't reduce their earlier design to the lowest common denominator of pure spectacle. I am both sad and disappointed in the works they've produced in the past few years. Reading his book, Get off My Cloud, revealed such conviction and passion about what deconstructivist design principles can offer. And looking at their recent works reveals what happens when a great architect with bold ideas falls the way of market spectacle… (see: frank gehry, see zaha hadid, see daniel libeskind, et al)

      i haven't read a single comment hating on this design because it is daring or bc it doesn't have straight lines. Most are hating on the irresponsibility and objectification of this building. You cannot look at that rendering and convince me that this is about space. It is a sculpture…done. Revisit their earlier more visceral spatial explorations if you are a true follower of their work and you will understand why there is a collective gripe about this building.

  • A glass cone for ANYBODY to peek into parliament is a silly idea. Wouldn't it be distracting, improper and a potential security hazard?

    • pet

      there won't be anybody to look at anyways ;)

  • mcmlxix

    A transparent structure doesn't ensure good government nor democratic values, and where a government is weak on lacking both, the message the structure sends is a bit Orwellian.

  • aaa

    Even if it is totally decontexted, I was always so glad to hear that Architecture is science that shapes all the cultural and social positions and understandings. IRONY

    what happen with critical point of view on it?