Canadian firm ZAS Architects + Interiors used an algorithm to create the triangular patterning on the facade of the new Bergeron Centre for Engineering Excellence in Toronto (+ slideshow).
The building houses the Lassonde School of Engineering, which is part of York University. With 55,000 students, the public institution is the third largest university in Canada.
The five-storey, ovoid-shaped building contains learning spaces, laboratories and offices.
"A hub for entrepreneurship, collaboration, and creativity, the facility's design aims to advance engineering education and provide a platform to educate the next generation of engineers," said ZAS, a Toronto-based firm that also has offices in Vancouver and Dubai.
"The Bergeron Centre's bold architecture represents limitless creativity."
The facility is partially clad in an undulating screen that consists of roughly 9,000 triangular panels, whose positioning was determined by a complex algorithm that was developed by Mesh Consultants in collaboration with ZAS.
The screen consists of both glass and aluminium panels of varying shades of colour.
"Evoking the properties of a cloud, it reflects light and pattern across campus and into the interior," said the firm.
Renaissance principles of "innovation and nonconformity" inspired the design of both the exterior and interior of the building.
Inside, the firm created an open environment, with no lecture halls and fewer classrooms than a typical academic building.
Instead, teaching largely occurs in light-filled open spaces.
"Rows of desks and lecture halls are replaced with active learning classrooms," said the firm.
"Breaking down barriers, the layout creates opportunities for spontaneous faculty and student interaction within abundant social spaces."
Faculty and staff offices are located in the centre of the building, while student zones are situated on the perimeter.
"Inverting the typical structure, students are given access to the best and brightest spaces," the firm said.
Audiovisual learning tools were integrated into pods that encourage students to spontaneously plug in, while corridors are lined with banquettes and white boards for brainstorming sessions.
An area called the Design Commons provides students a place to generate and discuss entrepreneurial ideas.
The facility also features a multi-storey lab for testing materials.
"Playful, unexpected design elements are infused into the environment at every turn, creating endless inspiration," said the firm.
Architect: ZAS Architects + Interiors
Client: York University, Lassonde School of Engineering
Engineering: Arup Canada
Facade engineering: Blackwell Bowick Partnership
Mathematical facade patterns resolution: Mesh Consultants
Landscape: Scott Torrance Landscape Architects
Construction management: Laing O'Rourke Canada and Gillam Group