In a video interview with Dezeen as part of our Good Design for a Bad World project, curator Sabine Wildevuur described healthcare as "a closed system" in which patients have little power.
"At the moment, it's very much dependent on the decisions of healthcare professionals, organisations and institutes," said Wildevuur.
Wildevuur curated the Embassy of Health exhibition, and heads up the Creative Care Lab at Waag Society, a Dutch organisation focused on art, science and technology, where she works with artists and designers to develop speculative and practical solutions for healthcare.
In the interview, she criticises the focus on patents in healthcare design.
"Normally, you make something, you close it down, and you sell it. Open design, on the other hand, is all about sharing your knowledge of design with others," she says.
"If we share this kind of design, we could make the world a better place."
"The projects at the Embassy of Health are examples of people taking control and taking matters in their own hands," says Wildevuur.
The exhibition explored design-led solutions to problems such as inequality in access to healthcare and the global increase in chronic diseases.
In the interview, Wildevuur highlights a conceptual project called Open Surgery by designer Frank Kolkman.
Based on the highly expensive Da Vinci robot arm used in keyhole surgery, Kolkman's open-source machine is designed to enable people to perform operations on themselves using a Playstation controller and other affordable materials.
For Wildevuur, Open Surgery demonstrates the potential for designers to disrupt a rigid system in which healthcare equipment providers develop expensive designs and then patent them, driving up the cost of treatments.
"It's about questioning the existing healthcare system," says Wildevuur.
"In the US, and increasingly in some parts of Europe, healthcare has become so expensive that people cannot afford surgery. So they look online, trying to find ways to do surgery themselves."
Kolkman was inspired to create the robot after discovering a large number of DIY surgery videos on YouTube, in which people attempt operations normally carried out by professionals and share footage of the process.
"He's talking with policy makers and healthcare organisations to start to look differently at healthcare," says Wildevuur.
Wildevuur also spotlights another of Kolkman's conceptual projects, named Outrospectre, which is designed to tackle "death anxiety" among terminally ill hospital patients.
Kolkman sought to design a virtual reality installation that would simulate an out of body experience, after discovering that people who have had such experiences felt less afraid of death.
Users stand directly in front of a robotic head, which is fitted with a 3D camera in each eye. The head is mounted on a vertical trolley track, along which it slides forwards and backwards.
The cameras transmit a live video stream to the user, who watches through a VR headset as the camera glides away from their body.
The robot mimics head movements in real time, allowing the user to look around and observe their environment. It also has "ears" – two microphones positioned at opposite sides of its face that intensify the feeling of displacement.
"With this project, Frank Kolkman tries to diminish the fear of death," Wildevuur claims.
Also on show at the Embassy of Health was the IV-Walk by designer Alissa Rees. The project is a new take on intravenous poles, which are metal stands used in hospitals to support bags of fluid.
"This is an example that comes straight from the heart," Wildevuur says. "Alissa was diagnosed with got leukaemia at the age of 19, and was suddenly a patient attached to an IV pole."
"She came up with an idea to make a kind of backpack, with all the stuff that is normally on the IV pole inside the bag. Which means that its much easier to walk around, which also improves your recovery."
Wildevuur claims that the Embassy of Health "has resonated with a lot of people, whether patients, healthcare professionals, or big commercial organisations."
"The role of designers is to start conversations with healthcare professionals, patients and hospitals, to really change this world," she concludes.
During Dutch Design Week, Dezeen hosted a series of talks which discussed how design can help tackle major problems the world is facing.
We have published livestream movies of the talks, which addressed pollution, refugees, politics, terrorism and climate change. An edited version of the talk on climate change has been published, with more to follow soon.