The 910-foot-tall (277-metre) apartment tower at 15 Hudson Yards is the latest to complete at the vast site on the West Side, set to become a hub of commercial, cultural and residential activity.
Speaking to Dezeen at the project's unveiling on 16 January 2019, architect Elizabeth Diller said 15 Hudson Yards marked a major step for her and the firm.
"It was really, really difficult for me, from typical work [like cultural buildings and institutions]," she said. "We have never done a tower or anything above 14 storeys."
"We thought, this is not in our wheelhouse, but let's do it," she said. "It's a challenge to work in another mode, for a different type of client, and do something that makes us a little uncomfortable."
Plans for the residential building were drawn up well-after DS+R and Rockwell Group had started designing cultural complex The Shed together in 2008, and so they used the earlier project to inform the design.
The two buildings are nested together and share 15 Hudson Yards' service and freight elevators.
"We decided it could really be an advantage to do both," Diller told Dezeen. "When you have a neighbour that's unfriendly, then you don't know [what will happen]. We wanted to have a good building next door to us."
"We were able to work back and forth and negotiate back and forth, to make both buildings better," she continued. "But they're still separate."
Overlooking the Hudson River, 15 Hudson Yards has a rigid, rectangular base that gradually rises and morphs to form a cloverleaf-shaped top portion. This shape is designed to maximise views for its upper residences.
Inside, the building has over 200 private residences, ranging from two- to four-bedroom homes. Rockwell Group chose walnut, travertine and limestone surfaces to feature throughout.
Amenities are located midway up the building on the 50th and 51st floors, providing views of the river, New York City and New Jersey. They includes an indoor swimming pool, a gym, spa, movie theatre, private dining room, lounge and other communal areas.
Hudson Yards is the largest private real-estate development in the US, spanning 28 acres (11 hectares) with 14 additional acres (5 hectares) of open space, and covering seven city blocks in total.
The first phase of the vast complex includes six skyscrapers, numbered 10, 15, 30, 35, 50 and 55 Hudson Yards. Rounding out the site are The Shed, a school, a hotel and a mall.
"Architects and urbanists have to be very vigilant about the city, and how it becomes privatised," said Diller. "I think this site is an exception, in many ways, regarding developers that are just sprouting over Manhattan, because it is planned."
Hudson Yards is built on a platform on top of the West Side Yard – New York City's storage centre for Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) regional trains.
"If there was ever a place to build, this was the place," said the architect. "New York is a real-estate oriented city, love it or not."
"It was an engineering feat, a real tour de force. So when that happened, the opportunity to develop enabled this whole project, which is like changing the centre of gravity."
DS+R is based in the neighbourhood, and has been involved with the redevelopment of Chelsea and the West Side for over a decade, starting with the elevated park the High Line in 2008.
In a 2016 interview with Dezeen, Diller recounted her uneasiness about super-tall skyscrapers in New York City, how they "damage the city fabric".
She still holds this opinion, but believes that "Hudson Yards is a unique exception."
"It's planned; it's thought-through; it's zoned, and it's thought of as a neighbourhood," Diller said. "When you develop a whole big neighbourhood, you can rescript the rules."
More Hudson Yards structures are set to open over the coming months, including The Shed – poised to launch 5 April 2019 – and Thomas Heatherwick's Vessel, which is planned for unveiling on 15 March 2019.
Photography is by Timothy Schenck, courtesy of Related and Oxford, unless stated otherwise.
Lead architect: Diller Scofidio + Renfro
Lead interior architect: Rockwell Group
Facade design consultant: Neil Thelen Architect
Executive architect: Ismael Leyva Architects (ILA)
Structural engineer: WSP Cantor Seinuk
MEP engineer: Jaros Baum & Bolles (JB&B)
Building envelope consultant: Vidaris
Lighting (exterior): L'observatoire International
Lighting (interior, public areas): Cline Bettridge Bernstein Lighting Design
Lighting (interior, condos): Lightbox Studios