Billed to become the largest aquarium in northern Taiwan, the National Museum of Marine Science and Technology will be located on the waterfront in Keelung, a port city north-east of Taipei.
According to Foster + Partners, the museum will "set a new benchmark for aquariums worldwide", using innovative tank design to offer visitors the opportunity to see a wide variety of species of marine life.
The building's facade will face out towards Badouzi harbour, while a public plaza at the heart of the aquarium will feature a shop, cafe and restaurant.
"The sustainable concept is rooted in analysis of the site and the surrounding urban grain, Keelung's subtropical climate and conservation of marine life," said the firm in a statement.
The design also includes exhibition space dedicated to the conservation of local species of squid – in line with the city's annual squid festival that takes place between June and August.
A ground-breaking ceremony has been held for the museum, and was attended by the Deputy Minister of Education and the city mayor of Keelung.
Foster + Partners was recently given the title "most admired architect" for the ninth consecutive year. The firm is also currently working on a Mexico City airport and a cycle-friendly high-rise in London.