George Wheeler inverts oil-pastel sketches for Meanwhile in Rio music video

Music: London animator George Wheeler sketched a Brazilian love story and inverted his drawings to create the colourful animation that accompanies this track called Meanwhile in Rio.

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For the title track from filmmaker and songwriter Jacob Perlmutter's debut album, Wheeler's oil-pastel animation style was recommended by a mutual friend as a good fit for the acoustic song.

Meanwhile in Rio by Jacob Perlmutter music video directed by George Wheeler

"The initial story I was given was about a man in Rio, falling in love with a woman he's never met, only seen," said Wheeler. "I thought it would be funny to change the male protagonist into a boy to make fun of the childish nature of falling in love with an image."

Meanwhile in Rio by Jacob Perlmutter music video directed by George Wheeler

Vintage postcards from Rio de Janeiro provided a starting point for the scenes in the images in the music video.

"Jacob recorded the entire album in Rio and it was important to him that the video had a nostalgic fondness for that mythical Rio that only really existed in postcards," Wheeler said.

Meanwhile in Rio by Jacob Perlmutter music video directed by George Wheeler

To create the colourful effects on a black background, Wheeler sketched with the opposite colours he wanted onto white paper and then digitally inverted the images.

Meanwhile in Rio by Jacob Perlmutter music video directed by George Wheeler

"I worked with inverted colours for so long that I developed a very good sense for guessing exactly what any colour would look like when reversed," said Wheeler.

Meanwhile in Rio by Jacob Perlmutter music video directed by George Wheeler

All of the drawings were then photographed using animation tool Dragonframe, then composited in Adobe After Effects, where subtle camera movements were added.

Meanwhile in Rio by Jacob Perlmutter music video directed by George Wheeler

Wheeler admitted that not all of the images were sketched freehand. Some were created on the computer and then traced to keep the style consistent.

Meanwhile in Rio by Jacob Perlmutter music video directed by George Wheeler

"Oil pastel is quite hard to work with so for some of the animation I would make a digital version on my computer using a programme called TV Paint, I'd then turn my monitor upside down and trace my digital animation with oil pastels," he said.

Meanwhile in Rio by Jacob Perlmutter music video directed by George Wheeler

Wheeler worked on the project between other commitments for eight months from start to finish.