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Max Lamb's rubberised furniture provides seating for migration-focused Albanian Pavilion

Venice Architecture Biennale 2016: British designer Max Lamb has created a range of misshapen furniture for Albania's Biennale pavilion – a sonic installation lamenting the mass migration experienced by the country.

I have left you the mountain Albanian pavilion at the Venice Biennale 2016

Lamb adapted his 2014 Scrap Poly Pastel furniture collection to create seating and a record stand for I Have Left You the Mountain, by curators Simon Battisti and Leah Whitman-Salkin, and London design studio Åbäke.

The irregularly formed benches, stools and plinths are assembled from offcuts of expanded polystyrene and sprayed in a coat pastel pink polyurethane rubber to create a tough, rubberised exoskeleton.

They invite visitors to sit down and either read or listen to the exhibition's content.

I have left you the mountain Albanian pavilion at the Venice Biennale 2016

The exhibition highlights the large volume of Albanian nationals that have fled the country, following radical political shifts that include becoming a Stalinist state after the second world war, but transitioning to democracy in the 1990s after 46 years of communist rule.

"In 2013, 45 per cent of all Albanian nationals lived abroad. Migration has real emotional and psychological consequences," said the curators.

"I Have Left You the Mountain initiates a conversation about the urbanism of displacement, projecting the Albanian case onto an international stage, with the express intention to transmit that dialogue and its speculations back into Albania."

I have left you the mountain Albanian pavilion at the Venice Biennale 2016

Visitors to the pavilion are invited to read texts commissioned from 10 renowned writers and theorists, including Hungarian-born architect Yona Friedman, Albanian artist Anri Sala, Australian anthropologist Michael Taussig and Greek economist Yanis Varoufakis.

Urbanist Finn Williams – who co-curated this year's British Pavilion at the Biennale – is also a contributor, with a piece about London's Home Office architecture in Croydon.


A group of Albanian iso-polyphonic singers – a style of traditional folk singing – have created a soundscape that also accompanies the exhibition, with lyrics exploring the themes of separation, loss and migration.

I have left you the mountain Albanian pavilion at the Venice Biennale 2016

Recorded onto a 12-inch vinyl, the songs sung by groups of singers from Fier, Vlorë, Tirana, and Himarë are played on loop through a speakers suspended from the ceiling of the space.

Other details include plastic strip curtains, which separate the space from neighbouring national pavilions at the far end of the Arsenale exhibition hall.

I have left you the mountain Albanian pavilion at the Venice Biennale 2016

I Have Left You The Mountain is open to the public until 27 November 2016 as part of the Venice Architecture Biennale.

This year the Golden Lion for best national pavilion went to Spain. Other standout pavilions include Switzerland's, which features an inhabitable cloud-like structure, and Australia's, which contains a swimming pool.

Photography is by Špela Volčič.

Project credits:

Curators: Simon Battisti, Leah Whitman-Salkin, Åbäke
Commissioner: The Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Albania
Singers: Shaban Zeneli, Petrit Canaj, Llazar Dumi, Kastriot Halihoxha, Nesim Meno, Muharrem Mezani, Guri Rrokaj, Fatmir Tahiraj, Sejmen Gjokoli, Adriatik Cenko, Viktor Gjoka, Sinan Gjoleka, Vendim Kapaj, Piro Latifaj, Dejrim Mustafaraj, Trifon Malaj, Dhurim Ballo, Sotir Ballo, Nazo Celaj, Trifon Golemi, Hyso Xhaferraj, Luljeta Çipa, Valentina Gerdhuqi, Violeta Gerdhuqi, Zaharulla Koka, Polite Merkuri, Eglanda Prifti, Vojsava Zenelaj, Kristo Çipa
Collaborators: Meyer Sound Laboratories, Sternberg Press, Apparent Extent, L'Esprit de l'Escalier