Five projects are in the running for the Mies van der Rohe Award 2017, including a London housing scheme by Alison Brooks and a church building in Ribe by Lundgaard & Tranberg Architects that shelters 12th-century ruins.
The three other shortlisted buildings are: an Amsterdam housing block by Dutch studios NL Architects and XVW Architectuur, a Warsaw museum by Polish firm BBGK Architekci and a memorial in Rivesaltes by French practice Rudy Ricciotti.
The Mies van der Rohe Award is given to the best building completed in the last two years by a European architect.
The biennial award named after German-American architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and is the most prestigious accolade in European architecture.
The five finalists were selected from a shortlist of 40 projects by a jury led by UK architect Stephen Bates and including architects Gonçalo Byrne, Peter Cachola Schmal, Pelin Derviş and Dominique Jakob.
They beat stiff competition from a lineup that included OMA's Fondazione Prada in Milan, the Suvela Chapel in Ribe by OOPEAA Office for Peripheral Architecture and the Skjern River Pump Stations by Johansen Skovsted Arkitekter.
The jury will now visit the five buildings shortlisted for the 15th edition of the prize to make their final decision.
The winner of the €60,000 (£51, 000) award will be celebrated in a ceremony at the Mies van der Rohe Pavilion in Barcelona in May 2017.
Past winners of the Mies van der Rohe Prize include Barozzi Veiga's Szczecin Philharmonic Hall in Poland (2015), the Harpa Concert and Conference Centre in Iceland (2013), David Chipperfield's Neus Museum in Berlin (2011) and Snøhetta's Opera House in Oslo (2009).
See the five projects in the running for this year's award:
deFlat Kleiburg, Amsterdam, by NL Architects and XVW Architectuur
Ely Court, London, by Alison Brooks Architects
Kannikegården, Ribe, by Lundgaard & Tranberg Architects
Katyn Museum, Warsaw, by BBGK Architekci
Rivesaltes Memorial Museum, Rivesaltes/Ribesaltes, by Rudy Ricciotti