Dezeen Magazine

New gabled extension next to red brick Victorian structure

Bell Phillips designs brick extension to complement Victorian Gothic school buildings

Bell Phillips has completed a red-brick extension to a grammar school in Kent, England, featuring gabled facades and architectural details that reference its historic surroundings.

The London studio headed by Tim Bell and Hari Phillips designed the new Mitchell Building for The Skinners' School in Royal Tunbridge Wells.

Gothic-revival original building next to new structure
Top image: Gable ends reference the Gothic style. Above: The new red brick building blends in with victorian structures

The school was established by the Worshipful Company of Skinners in 1887. Its original buildings were designed by architect E. H. Burnell in the Gothic revival style.

Over time, the historic buildings were joined by a collection of more recent additions in a mixture of styles. The three-storey extension is designed to bring greater cohesion to the campus and to complement the materiality and proportions of the adjacent buildings.

Red brick unifies the new building by Bell Phillips Architects
Decorative angled brick creates a modern interpretation of the Gothic Victorian features

"The facades draw on motifs and architectural conventions from the existing Victorian buildings to forge a contemporary architectural language and create a clear visual interdependence," said Bell Phillips.

"Compositionally, the dominance of vertical proportions and strongly articulated gable ends have been utilised to reflect the approach on the Main School building," the studio added.

Windows are dotted across the facade amongst red brick
Large windows stretch from floor to ceiling

The Mitchell Building's L-shaped plan comprises two intersecting gabled volumes that evoke the forms of the Victorian structures.

The extension is clad entirely in red brick to tie in with the surrounding buildings. On the facades, the bricks are laid at 45 degrees to add visual interest and continue the triangular motif found in the older structures.

Horizontal soldier courses above and below the windows reference the stone lintels used in other buildings across the campus.

Angled brickwork within gables and horizontal soldier courses above windows
Brickwork references surrounding buildings

The new building is situated at one end of the school's Upper Yard, where it forms a new boundary alongside improved landscaping. A sheltered loggia creates a welcoming entrance that enhances the connection with the yard.

The extension provides 1,187-square-metre of additional floor space, accommodating a sixth-form centre, English department and library across its three levels.

Timber lined stairwell with metal treads
Timber-lined stairwell in corridor leads to upper floors

A foyer provides access to the 200-square-metre sixth form centre that occupies most of the ground floor. This flexible hall contains quiet study spaces alongside more informal seating and a breakout area.

A timber-lined stairwell leads up to a first floor containing the English department classrooms. These are arranged off a central corridor with stairs at either end.

White walls with school crest next to timber lined stairwell
The school crest is mounted onto a white wall

The library is situated on the upper floor beneath the building's tall pitched roof. The timber-lined ceiling adds warmth to this space, which receives natural light from windows on three sides.

The upper level also accommodates a classroom and a meeting room that adjoins the library. A calm, neutral palette is applied throughout the building, with acoustic panels helping to create a suitable environment for focused learning.

Library in roof of new build by Bell Phillips Architects
Pendant lighting hangs from the timber-lined ceiling in the library

Bell Phillips Architects was established in 2004 and is based in Wapping, east London.

Previous projects include the transformation of a Victorian gas holder in London into a circular park and the addition of a red-brick social housing block to an estate in south London.

Photography is by Kilian O'Sullivan.

More images and plans

Site and building plan by Bell Phillips Architects
Section through structure
Elevation of the Mitchell Building and original structure
Axonometric of new structure and site interaction
Timber clad stairwell inside the new design
Corridor to classrooms next to timber stairwell
Timber lined ceiling in library
Pendant lighting in library
Slatted timber ceiling
Classroom with concrete columns
Classrooms with windows looking to victorian structures
Classroom in eaves of the structure