A car factory with black-steel cladding

Snøhetta wraps Polestar car factory in Chengdu in wavy black facade

A curving facade of black steel and glass fronts this factory for electric car brand Polestar in Chengdu, China designed by Snøhetta.

Completed in 2019 but revealed in new photos released by the automotive brand, the Polestar Production Facility also functions as a visitor centre for the Swedish company's customers in China.

A car factory with black-steel cladding
Top and above: the factory is fronted by a long curved facade

Snøhetta chose black steel cladding for the building to set it apart from its surroundings, while its undulating form pays homage to the dynamism of the car industry.

"The curve as an element acts as a structuring gesture, creating associations to the movement and dynamics of the car industry and car racing, tying the landscape and the building together," Snøhetta explained.

An aerial view of a curved building
The form reflects the "movement and dynamics of the car industry"

The metallic facade is disrupted only where it lifts to reveal large glass windows and doors, which mark the building's entrance points and maximise natural light inside.

Steel is also used throughout the building's structure and interiors, in tandem with concrete. These materials were chosen for their robustness and durability.

A white foyer in a factory by Snøhetta
The factory also doubles as a visitor centre

Inside the plant, Snøhetta has incorporated an extensive factory space alongside offices, canteens and a visitor centre.

Workspaces throughout the building are designed to be open and shared by employees from different departments to facilitate "dialogue and the exchange of knowledge".

A tree-lined atrium
A courtyard sits at the heart of the building

"The focus of the design has been to create a production facility that is bright, spacious, and open for everyone," said Snøhetta.

"Being within such close proximity to each other, this stimulates interaction and collaboration across disciplines," it explained. "The new headquarter aims to enable new ways to align creative visionary processes with technical production requirements, and the layout sets a new standard for inclusive fabrication facilities."

Uniting the different spaces at the heart of the building is a glazed courtyard that serves as gathering space for employees.

There are also meeting spaces placed outside the building to make the most of the green landscape that surrounds it.

The courtyard of a factory by Snøhetta
The courtyard functions as an outdoor meeting space

Another distinct feature in the facility is the "visitor loop" on a mezzanine level that offers views into the factory.

This allows visitors including potential customers and students to find out more about the brand.

An electric-car factory
Bright white interiors contrast with the facade

Throughout the building, the interiors are dominated by light colour palettes, designed to deliberately contrast the building's black exterior.

This is most prevalent in the main production area, which is lined with bright white walls and large windows that flood the space with natural light.

The plant features parking spaces for bicycles and electric vehicles, encouraging employees to commute using sustainable transport methods.

The building is powered entirely by renewable energy, which Polestar says is a reflection of the company's goal of becoming climate neutral.

An electric-car factory
The factory makes electric cars

Snøhetta was founded in Norway in 1989 by architects Kjetil Trædal Thorsen and Craig Dykers.  It has pledged to make all its buildings carbon-negative within 20 years.

Other recent projects by the studio include a carbon-negative office in Telemark and a plant-covered workplace in Austria.

Photography is courtesy of Polestar.

More images

Floor plan for Polestar Production Facility
Floor plan for the Polestar Production Facility by Snøhetta
Aerial view of an electric car factory
A curved black facade of a car factory
An electric car showroom
The interiors of an electric car factory