Dezeen Magazine

Paths have a geometric shape

Piet Oudolf creates "ever-changing" garden for Vitra's architecture park

Winding paths lead visitors through this landscaped garden at the Vitra Campus in Weil am Rhein, Germany, which Piet Oudolf designed to complement the site's iconic architecture.

The Oudolf Garten covers an area of approximately 4,000 square metres at the furniture company's production site, which features buildings designed by some of the world's leading architects.

The Oudolf Garten changes over seasons
Top: the garden has a series of winding paths. Above: it surrounds the architecture park

With production buildings, museums and a showroom created by architects including Nicholas Grimshaw, Frank Gehry, Renzo Piano and Zaha Hadid, Vitra describes the campus as an "architecture park".

According to Vitra chairman emeritus, Rolf Fehlbaum, who began commissioning architects to create buildings for the campus in the 1980s, landscape design was not a consideration in the first decades of its development.

The Oudolf Garten has patches of lawn and planting
The garden has a naturalistic approach

"It was only in the course of connecting the northern and southern parts of the Campus, when the projects by Álvaro Siza and Günther Vogt were commissioned, that landscape interventions were first implemented," said Fehlbaum.

"Piet Oudolf's garden has added a fresh dimension to the campus and opens up a new, ever-changing experience for visitors."

Purples and greens cover the landscaped areas at The Oudolf Garten
The garden has around 30,000 plants

Oudolf is known for his naturalistic approach to gardening, which involves working primarily with perennial plant varieties that are chosen as much for their structure as their flower colour.

The Dutch designer began working with perennials in the 1980s to create gardens that look good throughout the year. His early gardens grouped plants into blocks, whereas more recently he has focused on blending species to create a more natural aesthetic.

Oudolf's best-known projects include the High Line park in New York City, created in collaboration with landscape architects James Corner Field Operations and architects Diller Scofidio + Renfro.

He has also created gardens for the Serpentine Pavilion designed by Peter Zumthor in 2011, as well as for a Maggie's Centre at a hospital in Sutton, England.

Gravel pathways intersect the gardens
It was designed to distract visitors from the buildings

The garden at the Vitra Campus features around 30,000 plants and is designed to distract visitors from the buildings and instead focus their attention on the plants.

"I want people to lose themselves in the garden instead of just passing through it," said Oudolf, who created a series of meandering paths that intentionally eschews straight lines or clear focal points.

The Oudolf Garten has a variety of plants
Shrubs, ferns and grasses were placed throughout the garden

The gravel paths weave between areas planted with shrubs, grasses, ferns and other herbaceous perennials that are intended to provide different sensory experiences.

The garden was planted in the spring of 2020 and the use of perennial plants that mature quickly means it is already established enough to welcome visitors.

Sculptures were placed around the gardens
A marble sculpture has a channel filled with running water

The site chosen for the garden incorporates two sculptural interventions called Ring and Ruisseau, which were designed by Ronan and Erwan Bouroullec in 2018.

Ring is a circular steel bench positioned under a cherry tree, while Ruisseau is a line of marble featuring a narrow channel filled with running water.

Visitors to the garden are confronted at various points with views of the park's buildings, including a geodesic dome used for hosting events and the VitraHaus showroom completed by Herzog & de Meuron in 2010.

A person is pictured sitting on the steel bench
A circular steel bench was placed beneath a cherry tree

Also at the Vitra Campus, German artist Thomas Schütte placed a log cabin, that was topped with a shingled roof, on the campus.

Photography is courtesy of Vitra.

More images

the gardens under construction
paths wind through planted areas
grasses and ferns were placed throughout
colourful flowers were placed alongside grasses
architect designed buildings surround the gardens
the garden pictured in autumn
the seasons change the colours of the landscape
a wheelbarrow pictured on a gravel path
a gravel path leads to a garden shed
A leafless cherry tree extends over a bench
the gardens pictured at winter
snow covers the gardens
plants are bare and trees are leafless
the gardens in the spring
a geodesic dome is located in the gardens
pathways lead to the bench and cherry tree
pathways have an assymetrical design
there are circular lawned areas
the gardens have a wild design
a steel bench wraps around a tree
light dapples through a tree