Image of Parc. 1 along the Seoul skyline

Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners enlivens Seoul skyscrapers with bright red steelwork

Red-painted steel columns, trusses and cables reminiscent of the high-tech architecture movement define this mixed-used development in Seoul, South Korea, designed by London-based practice Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners.

Totalling 630,000 square metres, the complex, called Parc. 1, combines retail space, two office towers and a 326-room hotel with car parking and public areas.

Image of Parc. 1 from above showing its two office towers
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building in Seoul that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners

Roger Stirk Harbour + Partners (RSHP) developed the scheme with a team composed of co-architects Samoo Architects and Engineers and Siaplan Architects and Planners, in conjunction with Leonard Design Architects, Arup and DongYang Structural Engineers Co. Ltd.

"The overall concept for Parc.1 was to create a new destination in Seoul with a complex that integrates public transport, retail, commercial and hotel accommodation to form a new urban hub," explained the practice.

The roof of the shopping mall at Parc. 1
It is comprised of red-painted steel columns, trusses and cables

"Central to this concept was to establish a series of buildings which create a hierarchy of public spaces, including tree-lined boulevards and plazas for public events," it continued.

The office towers occupy the northwest side of the site and the hotel the southeast, with the lower volume of the shopping centre in the centre wrapped by planted public boulevards.

Pictured is an entrance to Parc. 1
The building houses offices, a hotel and a shopping mall

Alluding to the late Richard Rogers' role as a founding figure of Britain's high-tech movement, the building's steel structures have been expressed externally, allowing for the interiors to be largely column-free.

The bright red paint used to finish this steelwork, as well as the pitched roof sections of the shopping centre, were both informed by traditional Korean architecture.

"The mixed-use scheme is marked by its striking exterior, inspired by red columns symbolising dignity and refinement in traditional Korean architecture," said the practice.

The shopping centre's interiors, designed by Leonard Design Architects, are cut through by a full-height void positioned beneath three large, pitched skylights.

Interior image of the hotel at Parc. 1
The interior has a stacked design

The sweeping, stacked shop floors are all lined with balconies to overlook this void, and are topped by open, greener areas for visitors to dwell and relax.

"Staggered voids allow the light through each level to create a diverse and memorable experience," said the practice.

Image of the large retail and shopping areas at Parc. 1
The shopping interiors were created by Leonard Design Architects

In the hotel, a full-height skylit atrium is punctuated by more large red steel columns, with bridges connecting areas either side containing lounges and rooms, culminating in a rooftop restaurant.

The office spaces prioritise flexibility and natural light, with their column-free design allowing for easy adaptations in the future.

Image of an atrium at the mixed-used building
The atrium is punctuated by red-painted steel works

RSHP was founded in 1977 by the architect and high-tech architecture pioneer Rogers, who passed away in December 2021 aged 88. The studio was known as Richard Rogers Partnership until 2007, but was renamed to reflect the contributions of the studio's partners Stirk and Ivan Harbour.

Other projects recently completed by RSHP include the Aile Est airport terminal in Geneva, Switzerland, designed as a modular "kit of parts" that can be easily disassembled or extended in the future.

The photography is by Kyung Roh.

More images and plans

Plan of Parc. 1 by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Plan
Section drawing of Parc. 1 by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
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Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Parc. 1 is a mixed-used building that was created by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
Section drawing of Parc. 1 by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners
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