Pakistani architect Yasmeen Lari has been awarded the Royal Institute of British Architects' Royal Gold Medal for 2023 in recognition of the humanitarian work "she has undertaken since her retirement".
Lari, who was Pakistan's first female architect, is the second woman to receive the accolade in her own right following Zaha Hadid. She was recognised for her socially conscious work and for creating homes for the country's most marginalised communities following her retirement from formal practice.
"Whilst recognising the importance of her role in practice, as a symbol of change in Pakistan, it is the work she has undertaken since her retirement in 2000 that the Royal Gold Medal celebrates," said the award's citation.
"In the last 23 years Lari and The Heritage Foundation of Pakistan, which she founded with her husband, have reacted imaginatively and creatively to the physical and psychological damage that a number of major natural disasters, earthquakes, floods and conflicts have inflicted on the people of Pakistan."
Born in Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan, Lari moved to the UK with her family aged 15 and went on to study architecture at Oxford Polytechnic, which is now Oxford Brookes University. At 23 she returned to Karachi in Pakistan and established her studio Lari Associates, which became successful in creating numerous offices and housing projects.
These include Pakistan's first public housing scheme, the Anguri Bagh project and landmark buildings such as the Finance and Trade Centre and the Pakistan State Oil House in Karachi.
However, it was her work focused on creating low-impact buildings for Pakistan's marginalised communities that drew global attention.
Her work through the Heritage Foundation of Pakistan, which she co-founded in 1980 with her husband Suhail Zaheer Lari, has seen the creation of 50,000 sustainable self-built shelters and over 80,000 ecological cooking stoves.
Since her "retirement" in 2000, she has dedicated herself to the foundation and humanitarian causes.
"I was so surprised to hear this news and of course totally delighted!" Lari said about receiving the honour.
"I never imagined that as I focus on my country's most marginalised people – venturing down uncharted vagabond pathways – I could still be considered for the highest of honours in the architectural profession."
Lari is an advocate for utilising traditional materials including mud, lime and bamboo. In an interview with Dezeen, she said using "ancient wisdoms and techniques" can lead to carbon-neutral buildings.
"You're building something that's really affordable but at the same time there are no carbon emissions," Lari told Dezeen.
"There are lots of ancient wisdoms and techniques that have been used over the years but I can't imagine most so-called starchitects would even look at them."
Recent projects in Pakistan by the architect, who was a Dezeen Awards judge in 2022, include a giant bamboo community centre in Makli and working with disadvantaged communities to create terracotta tiling for a street in the historic heart of Karachi.
At the recent Islamic Arts Biennale in Saudi Arabia, she created a trio of bamboo pop-up mosques.
The award, which was the first personally approved by King Charles, is the latest accolade for the Pakistani architect who was awarded the Jane Drew Prize in 2020 for raising the profile of women in architecture.
She becomes the sixth woman to win the award following Ray Eames, Patricia Hopkins, Sheila O'Donnell, Zaha Hadid and Grafton Architects founders Shelley McNamara and Yvonne Farrell.