Casablanca Sustainable Market Square
by TomDavid Architecten

| 7 comments
 

Dutch studio TomDavid Architecten has won a competition to design a market square in Casablanca, Morocco, with plans for a canopy of leaf-like structures.

Casablanca Sustainable Market Square by TomDavid Architecten

TomDavid Architecten's proposals feature an elevated plaza and an underground services level, providing an infrastructure for both the legal and illegal markets that currently dominate the surrounding streets. "Both markets are vital to the economy," say the architects.

Casablanca Sustainable Market Square by TomDavid Architecten

The towering concrete structures would shade the markets from intense sunshine and shelter them from the rain. Rainwater would drain off the surface of the oversized petals and be channelled into underground storage tanks so it could be reused for cleaning the paving in the square or for flushing the new public toilets.

Casablanca Sustainable Market Square by TomDavid Architecten

The architects cite trees, the female body and local 1950s architecture as inspiration for the organic concrete shapes. "The choice of material for the canopy is ultra high strength concrete, which enables us to obtain a relatively slim and light curved roof structure, while the inside of the canopy is to be covered with gold tiles," they explain.

Casablanca Sustainable Market Square by TomDavid Architecten

Rubbish disposal chutes would be tucked between the columns, directing litter into concealed underground bins.

Casablanca Sustainable Market Square by TomDavid Architecten

Above: exploded axonometric diagram - click above for larger image 

The architects also propose a cafe and an information wall, displaying a clock and a transport map.

Casablanca Sustainable Market Square by TomDavid Architecten

Above: concept sections - click above for larger image 

The contest was overseen by architectural competitions organiser [AC-CA].

See more stories about markets, including a concrete fish market in Istanbul and a market hall with a zig-zagging roof in Mallorca.

See more projects in Morocco »

Here's some information from the architects:


Casablanca Sustainable Market Square

Context

The site is situated right next to the Medina and in consequence interwoven with the indispensable social and economic structures of the Old City. Both legal and illegal markets dominate the streetscape and are vital to the local economy. The downside of this density of commercial street business is the pollution and the decay of the public space. The design will have to serve as an example on how to improve the practical aspects of the market but leaving the existing social economic structures intact.

Concept

We combine indigenous techniques for shelter and heat control, the accountability of it’s residence and innovative low-maintenance materials. In this way, we create an efficient and pragmatic icon for the next generation market which serves as a catalyst for improvement.

Design

The shape of the canopy refers to nature, providing shade and shelter like a tree. The overlapping of the canopy-leaves ensures the cascading drain of the rainwater and allows air circulation. The curved concrete forms of the design are both a tribute to modern Casablanca architecture from the 50s and an endorsement of the beauty of the female form, as a nod to the dominant male culture on the street.

Sustainability / Positive development

How to define sustainability in the broader context of the reality of Casablanca? Besides solely as a design-tool, in this case sustainability should be a societal journey. This journey brought about by acquiring new awareness and perceptions, by generating new solutions, activating new behavioural patterns and, hence, cultural change. This process must be seen as a positive development under the responsibility of the local residents to increase economic, social and ecological capital.

In our design proposal therefore, our sustainable contribution is twofold. First by using low-tech techniques to collect and reuse rainwater to flush the toilets, clean the market-floor and applying evaporate cooling by using the heat of the sun and the wind to freshen the air under the roof. Second, to be sure sustainability will be a collective agenda, negative environmental impact must be eliminated. By implementing a refuse and waste handling system for the market and using low-maintenance materials, liveability and durability will be improved.

  • http://twitter.com/pablofilmus @pablofilmus

    Es increíble, pero este trabajo, muy bien mostrado, se basa en una premisa básica que es errónea y así y todo se premia: plantea recoger agua de lluvia en un país y ciudad cuyo régimen anual de precipitaciones está dentro de los más bajos del mundo. No es serio por más pretensión de sustenabilidad que se le quiera dar y no aprovecha el sol, que sí es una fuente disponible en esa latitud especialmente.

    • H-J

      They are not aware of such a concept as sunshine, they think in water, the office is Dutch.

    • Bruke

      Doing a bit of homework…

      On this site you could gether an average of 300,000 litres of rainwater per year which would mean 1000 litres per working day. Given the circumstance that Casablanca’s authorities have been lately raising the water costs due to the fact that they need to transfer water from near the mouth of the Oum er-Rbia to feed the city and that the amount of water this infrastructure is delivering to the city is becoming insufficient, I would say this proposal is not that illogical, especially given the fact that the most essential resource in a food market is water.

      Just out of curiosity, how would you take advantage of the sun? Solar panels?

  • http://www.zumllc.com ZUM

    That is fabulous. Congrats on the win guys. Can’t wait to see how it looks in person someday.

  • FromHolland

    Such a poor design. There is totally no interaction with the surroundings. The thought of placing a market under a few leaves could be romantic and interesting. Not in this design, the material is much to heavy to really express what they wanted. They had to use a subtle semi-transparent material which absorbes the light, the dynamic and the history of its surroundings.

  • http://www.interiorarchi.com Jean

    For some reason, these structures look like giant mushrooms, right? Haha. Take care – send feedback if you see what I mean.

    • FromHolland

      You are totally right. But the paradox of a mushroom is that is looks heavy and massive but in fact it weighs almost nothing. This design is heavy in both ways.