Pale brickwork creates decorative facade for Iranian apartment building
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Pale brickwork creates decorative facade for Iranian apartment building

As architecture in Iran undergoes a boom, architects Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi have completed an apartment block in Kerman with decorative brick facades (+ slideshow).

Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi

The two architects were tasked with creating the residential building in the west of the historic Iranian city, in a neighbourhood dominated by pale yellow brickwork and dark red detailing.

Their response was to reinterpret the traditional aesthetic, creating front and rear facades that combine vertical and horizontal elements, louvred window shades, flower boxes and balconies.

Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi

"The main idea was to create a relation between the characteristics of traditional houses and modern constructions," explained Yaghmaei. "Facades must be a reflection of both interior spaces and exterior surroundings."

Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi

The six-storey Khish-Khaneh Building contains nine family homes – two each on floors one to four, and the ninth located on the uppermost storey. The ground floor is given over to car parking, as well as an entrance lobby.

Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi

The building's street-facing north facade is an irregular grid, created by using different sizes of brick and allowing some of them to project outwards.

A selection of elements are picked out in burgundy, including the window sills, the louvred screens and the doors.

Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi

"We decided to use this colour as a complementary hue on the facade," said Yaghmaei. "Yellow brick became the background material and stone flower boxes were randomly placed next to bedroom windows."

"It provides calmness and greenery for inside spaces and has a positive effect on the circulation of fresh air in the hot and dry climate," he added.

Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi

The rear facade is similar although the grid is more regular, with window bays that span the full width of the building.

It fronts a small courtyard for residents, which includes a stone fountain.

Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi

Inside, bedrooms are located towards the north facade, allowing living spaces to benefit from more sunlight on the south-facing rear of the building.

Wall and flooring finishes are kept simple to offer residents flexibility, although kitchens feature wood-effect cabinetry.

Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi

Iran is "on the verge of a new era for architecture" according to local architects, as change sweeps through the Islamic republic following the lifting of crippling economic sanctions.

A series of innovative projects have been completed in the Iranian capital Tehran, although others are starting to crop up elsewhere in the country, with examples including a house made up of three angular boxes.

Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi

One of the main challenges for architects now is to fulfil the country's need for housing, without compromising architectural traditions – something Yaghmaei believes has been achieved with the Khish-Khaneh Building.

"Facade design is a crucial task," he said. "Some analogous traits should be preserved in designing exterior facades, in order to make harmony in urban sight."

Photography is by Farshid Nasrabadi.


Project credits:

Architects: Behzad Yaghmaei, Azadeh Mahmoudi
Design associate: Mehran Alemzadeh
Construction: Majid Kamalzadeh

Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi
Ground floor plan – click for larger image
Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi
First floor plan – click for larger image
Khish-Khaneh Residential Building in Iran by Behzad Yaghmaei and Azadeh Mahmoudi
Section – click for larger image