Half of the shortlist is education buildings, and two of them have the same client: the University of Oxford. Two of the projects are residential – a private house and a high-density development – and the final addition is an art gallery.
"Every one of the six buildings shortlisted today illustrates the huge benefit that well-designed buildings can bring to people's lives," said RIBA president Jane Duncan.
"The shortlisted projects are each fantastic new additions to their individual locations – on an urban street, a city riverside, an estate regeneration, an historic city centre and a hidden part of the countryside – but their stand-out common quality is the inspiration they will bring to those who study, live, visit and pass by them, for generations to come."
"To me, this shortlist reflects everything that is great about UK architecture – a blend of experimental, artistic vision and a commitment to changing people's lives for the better," she concluded.
A panels of judges including Zaha Hadid Architects director Patrik Schumacher, artist Rachel Whiteread, AHMM co-founder Paul Monaghan and Heneghan Peng architect Roisin Heneghan will now visit all six projects before selecting a winner.
This will be announced on Thursday 6 October 2016.