He won a Tony Award in 2016 for his backdrop for the musical She Loves Me – which included a "jewel-box" parfumerie based on 1930s Budapest that pivoted open to reveal an opulent interior – and his portfolio also includes hit shows Hairspray, Legally Blonde and Kinky Boots.
"For me, theatre is a microcosm for so many of my emerging interests that became focused in practicing design," Rockwell told Dezeen. "That is, design as a social experience, as a means of communication, as a collaborative process to create, and as an aesthetic universe only limited by imagination."
As well as his theatre work, Rockwell designed and built the sets for 2004 cult puppet movie Team America: World Police, including a hidden lair inside Mount Rushmore.
His latest set design is for a production of A Midsummer Night's Dream at the Delcorte amphitheatre in Central Park, running 11 July to 13 August 2017 as part of the annual Free Shakespeare in the Park programme.
The photographs by Chaunté Vaughn sent exclusively to Dezeen offer a look at the breadth of the studio's stage-design work through models.
These vary in scale depending on the level of detail required, and many of them move as they would at full size to demonstrate narrative sequences to directors and choreographers. Before these presentation models, multiple hand drawings and sketch models are created during the design process.
Each stage set fits the mood and feel of the production. The designs for Hairspray are brightly coloured and patterned to evoke 1960s Baltimore, while a darker, more sinister atmosphere of a 1930s circus for is created for Sideshow.
"We always begin by reading the script, listening to the music, and meeting with the director to try to absorb and understand the possibilities of the story – the backstory and the intent," Rockwell said. "Then we move on to a lot of research about the show, its emotional qualities, and its time period – the set is really another character on stage and needs to help propel the narrative."
Born in Chicago in 1956, Rockwell gained his interest in the theatre while growing up watching and participating in community productions in New Jersey. He got his first taste of Broadway aged 12 when he saw Fiddler on the Roof.
"I was hypnotised by movement, dance, and design," he said. "There was something about that form of storytelling that I found amazing. I became aware that environments could actually be controlled, manipulated, and ultimately designed. Then I was hooked."
Rockwell's first Broadway set was for The Rocky Horror Picture Show in 2000, which led to his appointment for Hairspray in 2002. Today he continues to be heavily involved in his studio's projects for the stage.
"I think the power of theatre is the fact that it is temporary, and experienced in the moment, and a particular performance cannot be repeated," Rockwell said.