Dezeen Magazine

The building has a tall rectangular form
Stefano Boeri completed a social housing tower in Eindhoven covered in 10,000 plants

Stefano Boeri covers social housing tower with 10,000 plants

Italian architect Stefano Boeri has completed the plant-covered Trudo Vertical Forest social housing tower in Eindhoven.

The housing block is 70 metres tall and surrounded with staggered, protruding balconies that support over 10,000 plants.

It is Stefano Boeri Architetti's first "vertical forest" in the Netherlands and the studio worked with local and executive architect Inbo on the project.

Trudo vertical forest pictured beside another residential tower
The Trudo Vertical Forest by Stefano Boeri Architetti is located in Eindhoven. Photo by Paolo Rosselli.

Unlike earlier vertical forests including Bosco Verticale that contained luxury apartments, the 18-storey tower has 125 affordable social housing units.

"The Eindhoven social housing tower establishes the possibility of combating both climate change and resolving the problem of housing through interpreting the idea of urban forestation," said Stefano Boeri Architetti partner Francesca Cesa Bianchi.

"Not only as a necessity in order to improve the environments in cities around the world, but also a great opportunity to improve the living conditions of poorer citizens," she told Dezeen.

Trudo Vertical Forest has a white concrete exterior
The building incorporates over 10,000 plants and trees across its exterior. Photo is by Paolo Rosselli.

Trudo Vertical Forest is wrapped in white concrete horizontal bands that envelop the building between strips of solar-reflective glazing.

From the horizontal concrete bands, staggered planter balconies were extruded at different widths, heights and depths. These balconies support 10,135 plants, shrubs and trees.

Balconies protrude from the Trudo Vertical Forest
The exterior is covered in protruding balconies of different sizes. Photo is by Paolo Rosselli.

The extruded planter balconies house the vertical forest and were fitted with sensors that monitor the hydration and nutrition levels of the soil.

The studio explained that it rationalised a number of technical solutions, used prefabricated components and cost-efficient materials in order to meet the budget constraints of social housing.

The building is wrapped in concrete and glass bands
Plants and trees will annually absorb over 50 tonnes of CO2 and over 13 tonnes of oxygen

"The use of latest generation construction technologies, the rationalisation of certain technical solutions for the facades and more generally, the optimisation of resources related to the project and the construction of the building allowed to achieve the goal to realise a Vertical Forest especially intended to accommodate low-income users and young couples," said Cesa Bianchi.

"The materials chosen such as concrete and prefabricated components ensured cost containment in a strategy consistent with the inner nature of social housing," she continued.

"The design itself focused on finding the best performing solution, which could provide the right balance between aesthetic and economic objectives."

A tree and shrubbery fill a planter at Trudo Vertical Forest
Apartment terraces are adjoined to the large planters 

According to the studio, each year the vertical forest will absorb over 50 tonnes of CO2 and over 13 tonnes of oxygen.

The practice added solar panels to the roofs of adjacent buildings in order to produce some of the energy consumed by the tower, while a reservoir-cum-rainwater collection system was installed to irrigate the planting.

the interior of an apartment at Trudo Vertical Forest
The apartments are to be rented as affordable social housing

Each of the 50-square-metre apartments has reconfigurable space with ceiling heights of at least 3.5 metres. Every apartment has its own balcony fitted with green boxes that contain a single tree and 20 bushes.

"On Trudo Tower plants and trees are inserted not only in tanks – just as in the Bosco Verticale in Milan – but also in vases placed at the same level as the terrace," added Stefano Boeri Architetti founder Stefano Boeri.

"This design has been led by the desire to offer multiple connections between inside and outside and humans and vegetation," he told Dezeen.

A glazed wall leads out to a terrace at Trudo Vertical Forest
The apartments each have a balcony

The building accounts and accommodates for its tree's increase in weight and size by estimating that each tree could double in weight during its lifetime.

The tower's vertical forest will be monitored by abseiling gardeners who will maintain and prune its trees and shrubs.

Balconies are surrounded by shrubbery
The practice used prefabricated components to construct the building

Trudo Vertical Forest is one of many vertical forests designed by Stefano Boeri Architetti. In 2019 the practice unveiled plans to build a tower with vertical forest in Tirana, Albania.

More recently the practice completed a building in Antwerp which was wrapped in over 1,000 plants.

Photography is by Norbert van Onna unless stated otherwise.

Project credits: 

Architects: Stefano Boeri Architetetti
Founding partner: Stefano Boeri
Partner in charge: Francesca Cesa Bianchi
Project leader: Paolo Russo
Team: Giulia Chiatante, Lorenzo Masotto, Elisa Versari
Facades landscape design: Studio Laura Gatti
Executive architect: Inbo
Renders: The Big Picture