Dezeen Magazine

ST SongEun Building by Herzog & de Meuron opens to public in Seoul

Swiss architecture studio Herzog & de Meuron has released more photos of its ST SongEun Building, a wedge-shaped art institute that is now open in Seoul, South Korea.

The pointed concrete structure, which is located in the Chung Dam District, is Herzog & de Meuron's first realised project in South Korea.

Wedge-shaped concrete building in Seoul
The ST SongEun Building by Herzog & de Meuron has opened in Seoul

The ST SongEun Building contains art studios and exhibition spaces for the SongEun Art and Cultural Foundation, a non-profit organisation that supports local artists.

It is hoped to become a cultural landmark for the capital city and help with the international exposure of contemporary South Korean artists.

Entrance to ST SongEun Building in Seoul
It has a monolithic concrete exterior

The ST SongEun Building is distinguished by its dramatic wedge-shaped form and textured concrete surfaces that feature both internally and externally.

According to the studio, its form responds to the scale of surrounding low-lying buildings, as well as a local zoning law that "allows for higher density towards the main street".

Concrete gallery interiors
Concrete is also used inside the building

The external concrete walls are decorated with a checkerboard of wood grains, which was achieved by rotating the position of the wooden panels used in the formwork.

The decision to imprint the concrete with wood grains is a nod to the name of the building and organisation behind it, which translates as "hidden pine tree".

Concrete ramp
A ramp leads to underground living spaces

Inside, the 8,000-square-metre building contains 11 storeys above ground and five below.

The lowest levels contain a mix of exhibition spaces and art studios, while the upper storeys are used as the offices for an energy company called ST International.

Exhibition about ST SongEun Building
An exhibition about the building is currently on show. Photo is courtesy of SongEun Art and Cultural Foundation

Visitors to the building enter via cut-outs at the base of the building. One of these cut-outs leads to the main lobby and a garden positioned on the shorter side of the building.

Another leads to a ramp that descends into the underground parking area and cave-like exhibition spaces.

Coinciding with the building's opening is the inaugural exhibition programme. The first part of this is an exhibition called Herzog & de Meuron Exploring SongEun Art Space.

As its name suggests, the main focus of the exhibition is on the building itself, and it features documentation from Herzog & de Meuron's design and building process.

Exhibition at the ST SongEun Building
The exhibition also features work by international artists. Photo is courtesy of SongEun Art and Cultural Foundation

Alongside details about the building, there is also work by international artists that Herzog & de Meuron architects and the foundation have previously collaborated with.

The second part of the exhibition programme will be the 21st edition of the Songeun ArtAward – the foundation's annual prize to support young Korean artists – which will open in December.

Concrete and black-tiled entrance
Cut-outs at the base of the building lead inside

Herzog & de Meuron was founded in 1978 by Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron. The studio is no stranger to creating exhibition spaces, having also designed the M+ museum of visual culture in Hong Kong, the Tate Modern Switch House in London, the Perez Museum in Miami and the Parrish Art Museum in New York state.

It also recently completed the brick extension to MKM Museum Küppersmühle in Duisburg, Germany, which it originally created within a historic grain in 1999.

The photography is by Jihyun Jung unless stated. The video is by Kyoung Duk Joo, JDR Studio.

Project credits:

Architect: Herzog & de Meuron
Partners: Jacques Herzog, Pierre de Meuron, Andreas Fries, Martin Knüsel (partner in charge)
Project eeam: Eduardo Salgado Mordt (project manager), Florian Stroh (project manager), Keunyoung Ryu (project manager), David Nunes Solomon (project manager), Valentin Abend, José Amorim, Pablo Garrido, Jorge Guerra, Jeff Salvioni, Ga In Sim, André Vergueiro Jang, Ludwig Kissling, Alonso Mortera, Nicolas Mourot, Sorav Partap, Anna Salvioni, Ga In Sim and André Vergueiro
Client: SongEun Art and Cultural Foundation & ST International

More images

Entrance to ST/Songeun Building
Photo is by Iwan Baan
Seoul streetscape
Photo is by Iwan Baan
The concrete exterior of ST/SongEun Building
Photo is by Iwan Baan
The concrete exterior of ST/SongEun Building
Photo is by Iwan Baan
Aerial view of Seoul
Photo is by Iwan Baan
The exterior of ST/SongEun Building
Photo is by Iwan Baan