Exterior image of LR House from street-level

Paved courtyard hidden by "muted facade" of LR House in Spain 

An austere exterior conceals a series of living spaces around a central courtyard at this home in the Spanish town of Citruénigo, designed by local studio Lecumberri & Cidoncha and architect Ińigo Beguiristain.

Occupying a plot surrounded by low-rise homes, LR House was designed in response to a simple brief for a one-bed, single-storey dwelling.

Exterior of street-facing facade of LR House
LR House is a home in the Spanish town of Citruénigo

Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Beguiristain's design for the inward-facing home centres around a paved courtyard with a drain at its centre, which was modelled on a Greco-Roman impluvium – a sunken basin in a home designed for collecting rainwater.

"Illuminated by the evocative image of the Roma impluvium, the project is inevitably structured around a courtyard, a void that replicates and regularises the autonomous geometry of the original site," said the architects.

Central courtyard of Spanish home
It surrounds a courtyard

"The strategy is based on the negation of the area, with a subtly muted facade and the vindication of the new architecture to provide interest and environmental quality to an introverted dwelling that looks at itself," they continued.

Pushing all of the LR House's ancillary spaces to its corners, three sides of the courtyard are lined with sliding glass doors connecting to a bedroom, kitchen and living room.

Kitchen and dining room of LR House
Sliding doors line the living spaces

Along LR House's eastern edge, a pair of wooden doors are concealed in the lower, slatted wood section of the facade. This creates an opening to the courtyard from the street beneath the facade's upper section, which is covered in rough plaster.

"A clear structure, as suggested by [Louis] Kahn, establishes a clear hierarchy for the different uses of the house," described the architects.

"The movable walls of glass and wood animate the continuous succession of spaces, open and closed, covered or not, in which the limits are definitely diluted when the courtyard occasionally opens onto the street and introduces the village into the house."

Interior of kitchen and dining area at LR House
Wooden details contrast the home's brick floors

LR House is topped by a standing seam zinc roof that channels water into the central courtyard, extending downwards to wrap the upper portion of the internal elevations.

The brick surface of the courtyard extends into the living spaces where it is used for the floors and walls, contrasted by dark wooden fittings.

Seating area of Spanish home's courtyard
LR House is topped by a zinc roof

Other projects by Beguiristain in Spain include a concrete kindergarten near Pamplona, which features classrooms and playgrounds wrapped by a row of colourful louvres.

Courtyards are a popular feature of many one-off homes, with other recent examples including a pale brick home near Montreal by Dupont Blouin and a home organised around a hexagonal courtyard in rural Massachusetts by No Architecture.

The photography is by Iñaki Bergera.

More images and plans

Ground floor plan of LR House
Ground floor plan
Exploded isometric drawing of LR House
Exploded isometric drawing
Section of LR House
Section
Section of LR House
Section
Aerial view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Aerial view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Exterior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Exterior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Interior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Interior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Interior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Interior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Interior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Exterior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Interior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Interior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Photo is by Miren Celayeta
Interior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Interior view of LR House by Lecumberri & Cidoncha and Ińigo Beguiristain
Photo is by Miren Celayeta