Staggered terraces cover roof of Beijing art museum by Praxis d'Architecture

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This art museum by Chinese firm Praxis d'Architecture features textured tiled walls, protruding windows and stepping roof terraces that overlook a lake near Beijing (+ slideshow).

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Jin Fengzhe

The 4,700-square-metre Spring Art Museum hosts an artists' residency programme and exhibition spaces in Beijing's Songzhuang suburb. A couple of contemporary art enthusiasts commissioned the Beijing practice to design the museum to promote the work of young artists.

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Jin Fengzhe

The building sits next to a cluster of galleries and studios that form an artists' community around the edge of a lake. It is bracketed by the lake to the north and by the Songzhuang Art Museum to the south.

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Jin Fengzhe

"In the design we sought a piece of architecture that is open, culturally rooted, and arousing a feeling of sublimity," said the architects, who gave the building a U-shaped plan that surrounds a raised courtyard in the centre of the plot.

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Xia Zhi

This layout is intended to mimic the form of local courtyard residences, they said: "The building massing was resolved into a U shape that recalls traditional triple house courtyard familiar to the local people."

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Jin Fengzhe

The courtyard is raised 1.6 metres above an adjacent road and forms the main entrance to the museum, which features glazed galleries at ground level.

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture

The light-toned walls are contrasted against the courtyard's grey and terracotta-coloured paving stones, which are laid above a series of underground exhibition spaces and studios.

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Jin Fengzhe

A pair of sunken gardens channel light and air down to the basement, while a wide flight of stairs leads up to a series of stepped roof terraces.

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Xia Zhi

The staggered roofline creates exhibition spaces with varying ceiling heights and dimensions, which are designed to accommodate different types of artwork ranging from sculptures to paintings.

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Xia Zhi

The exhibiting spaces have white walls and aluminium gridded ceilings that disguise electrical work and lighting to create a "uniformed materiality to achieve a clean, consistent and neutral atmosphere optimised for showing art."

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Zhou Ruogu

Hatch-like windows protrude from the upper floors, naturally lighting the artworks and directing views away from the adjacent buildings and towards pockets of vegetation.

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Xia Zhi

"To receive outside views from inside was one of the aspirations of the design," said the studio.



"The views are attentively revealed through a few precious protruding windows in the major exhibition spaces, making room for one to contemplate on the sight of reality before returning to art."

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Xia Zhi

The project took six years to complete, and is part of a boom in China that has seen over 3,500 museums completed since 1978. Among them are projects by Kengo Kuma, Steven Holl and David Chipperfield, as well as Jean Nouvel – whose National Art Museum of China is currently under construction in Beijing.

Spring Art Museum by Praxis d'Architecture
Photograph by Xia Zhi

A Chinese outpost of the V&A museum by architect Fumihiko Maki is also underway in Shenzhen, while in Hong Kong Herzog & de Meuron is working on the M+ Museum for contemporary art.

Photography is by the architects, unless otherwise stated.


Project credits:

Architect: Praxis d'Architecture
Project Architect: Di Shaohua
Team: Zhang Xiaodong, Liu Xing, Di Xiangjie, Feng Jiancheng, Feng Shuxian

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Floor plans – click for larger image
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Section – click for larger image