Bloco Arquitetos bases geometric home on Adolf Loos house

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Bloco Arquitetos bases geometric Brazilian home on a classic Modernist residence

The cubic construction of this house in Brasília by local studio Bloco Arquitetos reveals the layout of spaces inside and was influenced by a 1930s villa designed by Modernist architect Adolf Loos (+ slideshow).

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

The Paineira House was designed by Bloco Arquitetos for a plot in the Brazilian capital dominated by a 15-metre-tall paineira tree.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

The house comprises a series of geometric volumes, with different dimensions that reflect the use of the various rooms within.

A corridor extends through the centre of the building to connect two separate blocks, one containing the main living areas and one housing the bedrooms.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

The function-led configuration was based on the Villa Müller house designed by early modernist architect Adolf Loos in Prague, where a series of cubic forms create interconnected spaces that are positioned and proportioned to indicate their function and importance.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

"Both blocks have similar dimensions on plan, however a sequence of different ceiling heights insinuate the intended uses of each space," the architects explained. "The external form is a direct result of this operation. The articulation of different ceiling heights that suggest the use and the importance of each room refer to Müller House."

The paineira tree's position influenced the plan and orientation of the property, which follows an east-west axis parallel to the adjacent street.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

The house's entrance is located between the two blocks and frames a view straight through to a garden at the rear. The tree's location at one end of the building means it is glimpsed through some of the windows.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

"Upon entering the residence, the tree is not immediately reviewed," the architects explained in a project description.

"Various openings in walls and ceiling expose the paineira in small bits, which helps mediate the relationship between inside and out as a whole."

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

The most open area at the western end of the building contains the large living room, including a dining area that opens onto the garden and a lounge topped with a rectangular skylight.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

A staircase at the end of the central axis connects this main communal space with a mezzanine room situated in the tallest volume.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

A metal grille forms a balustrade along one edge of the mezzanine and is used to fill in a gap above the floor that overlooks the living room.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

At the opposite end of the building, the bedrooms are arranged around a square space that is rotated 45 degrees to the main axis.

This creates a distinctively angled volume when viewed from the garden, which intersects with the rooms on either side.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

A window at the base of the hallway frames a view of the grass between the external walls, while a skylight set into the apex of the roof illuminates the circulation area from above.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

Textured paint with a muted tone is applied to all of the external surfaces, lending the different volumes a homogeneity that emphasises the effects of light and shadow on their surfaces.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

A lighter variation of the same colour was used throughout the interior, creating a similar effect and focusing attention on the views of the garden through the various openings.

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos

The work of Adolf Loos is often cited as a source of inspiration by contemporary architects and designers.

Other examples include a brick extension in London with a multi-hued interior based on Loos' experiments with colour and a house in Cologne where the upper floor features rooms with varying ceiling heights.

Photography is by Haruo Mikami.


Project credits:

Authors: Daniel Mangabeira, Henrique Coutinho and Matheus Seco
Coauthors: Bruno Pessoa (interiors), Rodrigo Scheel (architecture)
Collaboration: Victor Machado, Tatiana Lopes and Guilherme Mahana

Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos
Ground floor plan – click for larger image
Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos
First floor plan – click for larger image
Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos
Roof plan – click for larger image
Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos
Section one – click for larger image
Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos
Section two – click for larger image
Panieira house in Brazil by Bloco Arquitetos
Section three – click for larger image