Dezeen Magazine

White Arkitekter and K2S Architects' Saaret proposal for Makasiiniranta waterfront in Helsinki

White Arkitekter and K2S Architects set to revitalise Helsinki's Makasiiniranta waterfront

Studios White Arkitekter and K2S Architects are set to turn an underutilised area alongside Helsinki harbour into a cultural precinct incorporating several historic buildings.

Local practice K2S Architects and Sweden's White Arkitekter won the competition to revitalise the Makasiiniranta area on the city's South Harbour with a proposal called Saaret, or "The Islands", developed with the consortium Konsortium Gran.

The Makasiiniranta site covers 83,000 square metres and will include a long-discussed museum of architecture and design, which will be the subject of a separate competition in 2023.

Rendering of people walking around public squares by a frozen harbour, with people ice-skating on a small inlet
The Saaret proposal includes a set of coastal squares for public enjoyment

The area is currently home to old port terminals and is the only remaining section of the old harbour in the Finnish capital that is cut off from public use.

Under the Saaret proposal, it will be transformed with a series of coastal squares that will continue the public-access trail that goes all around Helsinki's cape.

The pedestrianised area will connect to the surrounding districts of Kaartinkaupunki, Ullanlinna and Kaivopuisto, and the existing main road of Laivasillankatu street will open up onto squares that frame views of the landmark Uspenski Cathedral and the Baltic Sea.

Rendering of new medium-density buildings with a view of a cathedral in the distance at the end of the street
The plan preserves valued sightlines such as that to Uspenski Cathedral

Three historic buildings on the site – the Old Market Hall, the Olympia Terminal and the Satamatalo building – will be preserved, with the latter two turned into cultural venues including a Baltic sea museum, gallery and artist's workshop spaces.

The Old Market Hall will have its functionality as a food market extended and strengthed, while new additions to the area will include commercial and office spaces, a restaurant and a hotel.

Biodiverse habitats will be created with intention of improving the area's microclimate and will include rooftop beehives and vegetable and herb gardens. An old railway shaft will be turned into a public winter garden.

"Our proposal transforms today's harbour logistics area into a lively public sea front," K2S Architects partner Mikko Summanen told Dezeen. "Saaret is a combination of respectful contemporary architecture, rich adaptive reuse and lush landscape architecture."

Rendering of people walking along a harbourfront with medium-desnity buildings on one side and greenery on the other
Areas of urban greenery will be added

"The new buildings are rooted in the directions of the old city grid and the harbour area," Summanen continued. "Important views are preserved and new views framed towards important landmarks in Helsinki. We believe that Makasiiniranta has the potential to revitalise the whole south harbour area."

The jury chose the Konsortium Gran's proposal from a shortlist of four, and praised its treatment of city sightlines, respectful treatment of historic structures and creation of "a new unique layer to the national landscape".

The competition designs had to have climate-smart and sustainable construction methods that would comply with the City of Helsinki's target of being carbon neutral by 2035.

Summanen says the architects will meet these targets by building with materials such as wood and recycled ceramic tiles, as well as using recycled building parts from a terminal building that will be demolished.

"Flexibility in the structural solutions of the new buildings will result in longer life spans, and renewable energy such as geothermal heating and solar power is produced on the site," he added.

Rendering of people photographing the Makasiiniranta development in the distance from another part of the harbour
The area will be pedestrianised and provide lots of open public spaces

Whether the land will be publicly or privately owned will be negotiated in the future. Konsortium Gran also includes real estate firm Niam, engineering consultancy Ramboll Finland and construction management company Rakennuttajatoimisto HTJ Oy.

A separate design competition is expected to be held for the new museum building – combining two existing museums, the Museum of Finnish Architecture and the Design Museum – in 2023.

The museum has been the subject of much debate since plans for the Guggenheim Helsinki, once envisioned to make its home in Makasiiniranta, were abandoned in 2016.

Rendering of an aerial view of Helsinki's harbour including the Makasiiniranta redevelopment
The Makasiiniranta area is the only part of the South Harbour that is currently inaccessible to the public

A multidisciplinary advisory group has recently been appointed to shepherd the museum through its development phase. Some of the leading experts on it from the worlds of design and architecture include MoMA senior curator Paola Antonelli, ArkDes director Kieran Long and Index Project CEO Liza Chong.

The Makasiiniranta development area extends from the northern edge of the Market Square's Cholera Basin to the south side of the Olympia Terminal, on the northern corner of Kaivopuisto.

White Arkitekter's recent projects include Gothenburg's first wooden office building, Nodi, and another timber building, the Sara Kulturhus Centre in Sweden, which should be carbon-negative over its lifetime.

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