Architects "are never taught the right thing" says 2016 Pritzker laureate Alejandro Aravena


Exclusive interview: universities are failing to give architects the training that will enable them to find solutions for an imminent global housing crisis, says 2016 Pritzker Prize laureate Alejandro Aravena.

Poverty, population growth, natural disasters and war are combining to create demand for more than a billion homes, according to the Chilean architect.

But architects are unable to overcome the challenges posed by politics, economics and building codes to deliver viable solutions, he said.

"It would be great, with more than one million architects in the world, that more solutions and more proposals try to address the issue," Aravena told Dezeen.

UC Innovation Center at the San Joaquín Campus, Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, 2014. Photograph by Nina Vidic
UC Innovation Center at the San Joaquín Campus, Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, 2014. Photograph by Nina Vidic

"But the constraints are not just budget constraints – the building logic, the political framework, and the policies, are part of the equation and we're not well trained for that," he said. "We're never taught the right thing at university."

Aravena, 48, was speaking to Dezeen ahead of being named the recipient of this year's Pritzker Prize, architecture's equivalent of the Nobel prize. In its citation, the Pritzker jury described him as the leader of a new generation of socially minded architects.

Aravena graduated from the Universidad Católica de Chile in Santiago in 1992 and set up his own studio two years later, designing a string of buildings for his alma mater.

In 2000 he became a visiting professor at Harvard, and helped create architectural "do tank" Elemental in partnership with his former university and Chilean oil company COPEC.

Architecture School at the Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, 2004. Photograph by Martín Bravo
Architecture School at the Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, 2004. Photograph by Martín Bravo

Elemental is a champion of "participatory design" – a form of in-depth community consultation. According to Aravena, the firm starts its projects "as far away from architecture as possible".

"[Some] architects come with the question in advance. We are trained to have a kind of selective listening. We listen to what we want to listen to," said Aravena. "The jargon, the way we talk about our issues, nobody except an architect understands."

"What we're trying to do by asking people to participate is envision what is the question, not what is the answer. There's nothing worse than answering the wrong questions well."

Quinta Monroy Housing, Iquique, 2004. Photograph by Cristobal Palma
Quinta Monroy Housing, Iquique, 2004. Photograph by Cristobal Palma

Although Elemental also does masterplanning and private work, it is most famous for its "half a good house" developments. Using limited government subsidies, the firm builds the essential half of a decent-size family home. Residents can then fill in the void over time according to their own needs and financial situation.

The first of these, Quinta Monroy in Iquique, Chile, was completed in 2004 at a cost of $7,500 per unit. The project helped Aravena win the Silver Lion at the 2008 Venice Architecture Biennale.

"At the time, social housing was the least cool thing to do," said Aravena. "I didn't know what a subsidy was."

Elemental has now delivered more than 2,500 of these units, adapted for different budgets and locations. It even has a TV advert aimed at attracting future clients.

Elemental's TV advert for their "half a good house" developments aims at attracting future clients

The low cost of the housing means that Aravena can build publicly funded developments on expensive inner-city land, giving poorer residents access to better schools and transport links.

But Aravena said building regulations and politics were preventing the evolution of similar solutions for problems like Europe's mass influx of refugees – a subject that is at the core of his curation of this year's Venice Architecture Biennale.

"There's [going to be] a billion people on the planet that will be needing housing," said Aravena. "Unless we follow the incremental approach to tackle scarcity of means, we won't solve this problem."

Quinta Monroy Housing, Iquique, 2004. Photograph by Cristobal Palma
Quinta Monroy Housing, Iquique, 2004. Photograph by Cristobal Palma

Read the edited transcript from our interview with Alejandro Aravena:

Anna Winston: When did you find out that you'd won the Pritzker?

Alejandro Aravena: It's been a couple of weeks now. We're still in kind of a state of shock.

Anna Winston: But you've been on the jury a few times previously…

Alejandro Aravena: Maybe that's exactly why I didn't see it coming. Having been in five deliberations and knowing the level of debate and the architecture, for me it was not even on the radar. I'm looking forward to the ceremony in April so I can have a little bit of an insider look from the jury. I haven't talked to any of them yet, so I'm curious too.

Anna Winston: One of the things that was touched on in the citation is your approach to social projects with "participatory" design. Can you explain how that developed and what it means?

Monterrey Housing, Monterrey, 2010. Photograph by Ramiro Ramirez
Monterrey Housing, Monterrey, 2010. Photograph by Ramiro Ramirez

Alejandro Aravena: What our practice has been trying to do is maybe two main things. One is to have a starting point as far away from architecture as possible.

The starting point is problems that every single citizen understands; I mean insecurity in the city, pollution, segregation, congestion, the kind of things where your daily life is affected. Then you contribute with design to try to offer a possibility.

From the time I arrived to teach at Harvard 15 years ago, I was kind of dubious – I was kind of sceptical of architects trying to deal with problems that only interested other architects. The jargon, the way we talk about our issues, nobody except an architect understands. I guess that sense of irrelevance and isolation has always worried me.

Since my time at university I've been trying to understand if there was any connection between the thoughts and the ideas that we were being taught and the reality of everyday life of people. And of course there is, but you have to pick up from the body of knowledge of architecture the things that really matter. Not everything matters.

The other one would be how to be at the same time considering an expression of the time that you're living in. You are aligned with the themes and the interests and the desires of that moment, and yet the answers that you deliver for those challenges [should be] timeless. That's one of the things I've been always trying to look for – how to avoid being dated. What we build, it takes so much effort, so much money, so much energy. It would be a disaster if in 100 years looking backwards what you produced did not stand the test of time.

So there's two things, on the one hand being sensitive and connected to the moment that you live in, and then responding to that with a proposal, with a design, that is able to stand the test of time.

Monterrey Housing, Monterrey, 2010. Photograph by Ramiro Ramirez
Monterrey Housing, Monterrey, 2010. Photograph by Ramiro Ramirez

Anna Winston: Do you think that scepticism you had 15 years ago is still relevant?

Alejandro Aravena: I would definitely say so. [You need] a reasonable scepticism. Not so sceptic that you become a cynic or a nihilist, but just looking at facts in a very cold-blooded way. That's what I call scepticism, in the sense that you're not just a hippy romantic trying to change the world. That's necessary but it's not enough.

On the other end, there is this desire to move things towards the best version, to try to achieve the potential embedded in the circumstances – not just a problem-solving response to a question. You're trying to elaborate and open something that was not there in the circumstances that initiated the project.

Anna Winston: There has been a lot of discussion recently about whether architecture and architectural academia have become too inward looking.

Alejandro Aravena: By definition architecture is a collective practice. Unlike a sculptor who wakes up in the morning and decides to do a sculpture and does it, I do not wake up in the morning with an incredible desire to do an office building. Somebody has to need it. Architecture is an expression of needs and desires and forces that are outside yourself, be it a government, a private person or a community.

You don't build your things with your own hands. You need to communicate even the very physical part of the practice, in that you give a set of instructions that somebody else has to interpret and also contribute to with different knowledges. I do not know everything. And your building is not your own building. The best thing that can happen to a building is that it has a life on its own. You will just create the beginning and then who knows where it's going to end? So forget about control.

There's a lot of misunderstanding of participatory design. You're not asking people for the answers. What we're trying to do is to identify what is the problem. What we're trying to do by asking people to participate is envision what is the question, not what is the answer. There's nothing worse than answering the wrong questions well.

The other thing people that people know, particularly when you don't have enough resources to do everything, is what are the priorities. If we can't do everything, what definitely can't be left out. Establishing the priorities comes forward in the process of participation, particularly in poor environments.

We have one type of wisdom and they have another. Normally the problems are so complex that with just one we won't solve the question.

Villa Verde Housing, Constitución, 2013. Photograph by Elemental
Villa Verde Housing, Constitución, 2013. Photograph by Elemental

Anna Winston: Do you think most contemporary architects are asking the right questions?

Alejandro Aravena: [Some] architects come with the question in advance. We are trained to have a kind of selective listening. We listen to what we want to listen to.

There is [a fear] that if you go with bare hands and empty eyes into a given problem that you will lose somehow the control over the final quality of your design. But that is only a problem if you are judging your design from the artistic side. There's more than that. There are other forces at play – functional, environmental, political, social – and from that point of view the lack of control might be a good thing.

Anna Winston: Your early incremental housing projects brought your work to much wider attention. Did you have any sense the idea could have a worldwide impact?

Alejandro Aravena: I have to confess that at the beginning, not at all. At the time, social housing was the least cool thing to do.

I was coming from a context where 60 per cent of what's built in Chile uses some kind of subsidy. The problem was that I didn't know what a subsidy was. These are the kind of things that you have to go abroad to look back and see how wrong you were. Wrong in the sense of not tackling something that was very crucial for the country.

So I began in the social housing thing not because I knew something but exactly the opposite, because I had no idea and it was very embarrassing not to have an idea.

I remember arriving to a lecture in London to the London School of Economics in 2009, and the director of the LSE at the time Sarah Worthington, she came to the lecture and to the dinner and was silent, not a word. After three hours she turned around and said, you know what? This idea – that if there's not enough money then instead of reducing the size of the house, why not make the part that is more difficult to be achieved, half of a good house instead of a small one – is the kind of thing that in economics would get you the Nobel prize.

When she said that I was like "maybe we have something here". Because for us it was, and still is, a situation where you have to really convince people to have this approach and not a different one.

We are still adjusting it. There's [going to be] a billion people on the planet that will be needing housing. Unless we follow the incremental approach to tackle scarcity of means, we won't solve this problem. We have to operate with systems that can complete themselves, so families can arrive to their middle-class potential. There's not enough time and there's not enough resource to do everything.

When you create an open system, it customises itself, it corrects itself, it's more adapted to the reality – not just to the family but also for cultural diversity. So it is not only a response to scarcity of means. Even if we had a lot of money it would have been an appropriate solution.

Villa Verde Housing, Constitución, 2013. Photograph by Elemental
Villa Verde Housing, Constitución, 2013. Photograph by Elemental

Anna Winston: I think a lot of architects would have trouble letting go of the idea that they have control over the final aesthetic.

Alejandro Aravena: Yeah. On other things, we do. I'm thinking of the Angelini Innovation Centre that won the Designs of the Year – there we wanted to have total control. But it depends on the circumstances.

[With the first incremental housing project] we were so happy to even have one brick on top of another. The subsidy was $7,500 with which we had to buy the land, provide the infrastructure and build the house. So even to get the project started with construction was a huge achievement. To have a project finished by others was not even a problem, it was a blessing, because it meant that you were able to channel forces that were beyond yourself.

Of course this is not chaos, just do whatever. There are very specific design things – the size of the void for example, or that we built with walls and not just with frames. It's a very delicate balance between being restricted but enabling self-operation without going into a chaotic environment. It's a very precise design operation what you build, and also what you don't build.

I guess that we're more interested in the position of the void than in what is built by us. That is the whole key. The space between one wall and the other one can make a family's life a paradise, or they can become miserable because it is too technically difficult. If it was not intervened we would be worried.

Post-tsunami sustainable reconstruction plan of Constitución, 2010 – ongoing. Photograph by Felipe Diaz
Post-tsunami sustainable reconstruction plan of Constitución, 2010 – ongoing. Photograph by Felipe Diaz

Anna Winston: What has happened since the first development was built?

Alejandro Aravena: We have built so far 2,500 units. The ultimate proof is that when different communities approach us, or a company or whatever, we ask how did you arrive to us. And they say well your previous clients, the community, recommended us to come here. So our best brokers are our previous clients.

Our point is that quality is a property that gains value with time. The policy that we're working is a property rental policy. When you get a subsidy you become the owner of the house, meaning that it's a transfer of public money into a family's asset, by far the biggest a poor family will ever receive. So we're looking for a value gain so that the housing policy can be perceived as an investment and not just as a social expense.

We're talking about 100,000 subsidises per year in Chile, so one million units in a decade, but when we look back the trend is that [other subsidised properties] look more like cars than like houses. They lose value over time because they are in under-served peripheries, because the quality of the environment is very bad, because the urban layout is bad, the structure is not there. Consistently, every single project that we've done, has tripled [in value]. This for families is proof that they have something valuable in their hands and they can go then to a bank and ask for a loan to start a small business. So somehow housing designed that way is not just a shelter against the environment, it's a tool to overcome poverty.

Constitución Cultural Center, Constitución, 2014. Photograph by Felipe Diaz
Constitución Cultural Center, Constitución, 2014. Photograph by Felipe Diaz

Anna Winston: Can those principles be applied more widely to deal with problems like Europe's refugee crisis, or relief projects after natural disasters?

Alejandro Aravena: The challenge is the scale and the speed. When you concentrate on the most irreducible part of the house, you take less time, so our projects are the fastest to be built. And also, not having to do everything, you can achieve that scale.

The building industry has to get involved, maybe prefabrication, and that's what we're working on. But it will require a kind of political trust. And it will struggle against the laws and building codes, particularly in the developed world. I was not long ago in Sweden and they were receiving 10,000 immigrants per week. We will have to deliver new answers. And that openness only comes from a situation of crisis. I really believe that a crisis is a window of opportunity that we should be prepared to respond to.

It would be great, with more than one million architects in the world, that more solutions and more proposals try to address the issue. But the constraints are not just budget constraints – the building logic, the political framework, and the policies, are part of the equation and we're not well trained for that.

We're never taught the right thing at university. I was just lucky enough at Harvard to meet the right people that did speak the language of economy, of policy, of the building industry.

The beauty is that if there's any power in architecture, that's the power of synthesis. All those forces at play eventually can be synthesised in a design. We just have to understand that language and also do not forget that they way that we respond is to design. We do not have to become policy makers or economists. Our contribution to a problem is as designers.

Constitución Seaside Promenade, Constitución, 2014. Photograph by Felipe Diaz
Constitución Seaside Promenade, Constitución, 2014. Photograph by Felipe Diaz

Anna Winston: Does it matter if the solutions comes from someone with the label architect or designer?

Alejandro Aravena: No, I don't care. It can come from anybody. There's just more chance if you were trained in doing forms that you have the capacity to synthesise the forces at play. In principle, it's like music. You don't have to study music. If you're a natural musician you just do it. Of course then the training and the specific knowledge allows you to go through more complex issues.

Anna Winston: How does this all relate to the biennale? What are you hoping will come out of that?

Alejandro Aravena: The title that we gave to the biennale, Reporting from the Front, tries to have that approach. Tell me what are the pressing issues that you are facing where you are operating. It could be an environmental issue, a political issue, a social issue. Let's first of all share the challenges.

That sharing of information already is useful in the sense that some places in the world may anticipate things that others haven't been witnessing yet but will come anyhow. You do have a problem with immigration, and maybe we should be aware that that may be an issue here too. So anticipate the problems by sharing what are the challenges, what are the front lines in your place.

But identifying a problem is not enough. This is where design comes in to the theme. Let's try to share what tools we are using to tackle those problems.

The hope is that you leave the exhibition with more tools to tackle issues back at home. Or at least encouraged. If you see people who even despite the very toughest circumstances were able to do something, you go back home and say well I thought I had problems, and compared to these other guys maybe I didn't.

  • Patrik Schumacher

    The PC takeover of architecture is complete: the Pritzker Prize has mutated into a prize for humanitarian work.

    The role of the architect is now “to serve greater social and humanitarian needs”, and the new laureate is hailed for “tackling the global housing crisis” and for his concern for the underprivileged.

    Architecture loses its specific societal task and responsibility, architectural innovation is replaced by the demonstration of noble intentions and the discipline’s criteria of success and excellence dissolve in the vague do-good-feel-good pursuit of ‘social justice’.

    I respect what Alejandro Aravena is doing and his “half a good house” developments are an intelligent response. However, this is not the frontier where architecture and urban design participate in advancing the next stage of our global high-density urban civilisation.

    I would not object to this year’s choice half as much if this safe and comforting validation of humanitarian concern was not part of a wider trend in contemporary architecture that in my view signals an unfortunate confusion, bad conscience, lack of confidence, vitality and courage about the discipline’s own unique contribution to the world.

    • Harikrishnan Sasidharan

      Architecture being a product of the society we live in, I don’t see how validation of human concern is objectionable. Neither is it a lack of validation for innovation.

      I remember reading the following comment by architect Zaha Hadid about the death of 500 Indians and 382 Nepalese migrant workers who have reportedly died in preparations for the 2022 World Cup.

      “I have nothing to do with the workers. I think that’s an issue the government – if there’s a problem – should pick up. Hopefully, these things will be resolved.”

      In my view such a response points at bad conscience, lack of courage and vitality.

    • HeywoodFloyd

      I don’t understand the animosity Aravena’s work has generated in light of this award. His portfolio includes as many private and educational projects as it does housing.

      Is the point of the Pritzker just to honour the most famous architect in the world who has yet to win a Pritzker? Surely the pendulum can swing away from Hadid in 2004, for example, to a more socially conscious agenda without disrupting the fragile equilibrium of the starchitect universe.

      I agree with you that the profession lacks confidence in itself currently, but the fault for that lies with those practicing at the other end of the spectrum from Aravena. It is because the profession is currently being helmed by architects who are tyrannised by the computer, shameless form-chasers in pursuit of their own private abstract notions of beauty without regard for physical, social or functional context that we find ourselves in our current rudderless state.

      Art has no function, and to lament the choice for this award because of an alleged lack of aesthetic rigour in the work of the recipient demonstrates your failure to understand the potential of architecture as a profession.

      • Hans Leidescher

        Patrik, your opinion about the Pritzker Prize awarded to Alejandro Aravena this year, as well as the one given to Shigeru Ban in 2014, is a mere monoscopic and technocratic view of how contemporary architecture should be qualitatively evaluated.

        I’m very curious to know which is then for you this “specific societal task and responsibility” of architecture that you mention? Architecture cannot only be reduced to the state of art of its design technologies and planning tools.

        Those are certainly relevant aspects of the discipline that allow innovation, but innovation has several channels on manifestation, one of them, and quite fundamental, is with which posture you encompass an architectural task.

        You can’t minimise social/humanitarian-oriented architecture to a simple act of nobility. Social phenomena can be extremely complex due to its unpredictable character and its unquantifiable parameters.

        Like war, economic crises or mass human displacements, we cannot restrict the discipline by dedicating it only to a small group of individuals as the future users. We can and have, as the contemporary world urgently requires from us, to focus more towards the other 90% of potential clients in underdeveloped scenarios.

        Having said this, if you manage to deliver coherent architectural proposals solving social and humanitarian complexities, you are more than a Pritzker Prize worth it.

        • Roberto Sideris

          Design is a service to humanity, Aravena has done this while Zaha Hadid has fallen into the arms of various oppressive governments and therefore does not benefit humanity.

          If design does not enable and SERVE humanity then it is not DESIGN, it is art and should be placed on a plinth.

      • ali javedani

        Some of your sentences are something like the start point of a Manifesto, which we are badly in need of.

    • Patrik, I think you might regret that comment. Did you run it past your Communications Director first?

      We get it. In your mind, architecture is about form. Grand spatial concepts that exist to impress, stupefy and glorify. Though that is not all it is. I respect the decision to anoint Aravena with the Pritzker this year.

      His work is more complicated than yours because it tries to do more, and does it with a more sensitive understanding of its social context. His thoughts on his work are evolved and well constructed. He has designed some beautiful buildings too.

    • EHL

      Seriously, it’s almost like an architect’s job is some vague pursuit like building houses for people to live in, instead of specific things like advancing the next stage of our civilisation.

      Apparently they think it’s not civilised to have people living on the streets, or some such humanitarian nonsense. Let’s hope next time they’ll make a responsible choice and award the prize for something shiny and glamorous.

    • Alessandro Piazza

      You are okay with what Alejandro Aravena does, but you’re not okay with the fact that a prize has been given to him. All this under the assumption that prizes should indicate the new direction of future architecture, which in this case, I have to admit, it’s certainly not “in defence of capitalism”.

      I could agree with you that humanitarian architecture is not the solution to world problems. Humanitarianism is not in general, but do we need to go to the extreme of considering it not worthy of attention from Pritzker? What should we praise?

      Since high-density urban civilisation is the big problem (in your opinion at least) we should forget about the other half of the world? Are we sure there’s not a correlation between high-density city centres and sprawling urban chaos outside of them? And if there is, shouldn’t architecture provide temporary solutions to such forgotten areas?

    • JayJay

      Thank you for putting so succinctly my own feelings. This particular paradigm is creeping into so many aspects of our life, not just architecture. Where are the visionaries?

      Why are they not sought out and acknowledged for their contributions? We live in an unfortunate period where people seem to think that “it’s the thought that counts” is more valuable than the product itself, mediocre and lacklustre as it often is.

    • user

      Different topic but do you think it is possible to experience your company’s architecture in virtual-reality worlds if someone would come to you with an interesting concept?

    • Dbz123

      Respectfully I have to disagree with you Mr. Schumacher. It’s wonderful to see that such a talented young architect is receiving this award.

      Hopefully this will put a lot of attention on this brilliant talent. If not only for his half house concept he deserves this prize. A typology/idea that can be applied in many places by anyone is a true innovation.

      As far as societal takes are concerned, from the very beginning all of architecture has had to provide some social need. From Greece to the Bauhaus, architecture should improve all lives. Why is this bad?

      The selection of Prtizker Prize winners shows confidence in architecture and its ability to have many voices instead of one overbearing style! We are in a golden age of architecture.

    • jin

      I’ll just simply say to you Patrik, you are way too narrow-minded about how contemporary architecture should be.

      You are only a small micro fraction of the industry, and should be as it is. Each fraction (person) makes up the architectural discourse of the future, and such discourse must always have democracy.

    • spadestick

      The grapes are very sour here.

    • Nicole

      The cri de coeur of a formerly great visionary trying to come to terms with the inexorable twilight of influence and approaching irrelevance. Aravena’s ideas are the future of architecture.

    • I wouldn’t worry about it too much, I’m sure the profession of architecture will still mostly concern itself with stroking the egos of the rich and powerful and building their buildings for them.

      But don’t forget, sometimes the rich and powerful get put on the spot and asked what they do for the rest of us not-so-rich-and-powerful folks, so they need to be able to point to this guy and say, “See, we’re pursuing a strategy to leverage architecture’s ability ‘to serve greater social and humanitarian needs’ through the Roger P Moneybottom Civic Center. What? Well not the homeless, of course the homeless can’t come in. But there will be VIP seating, and PLENTY OF TAX BREAKS'”.

    • Conor O’Sullivan

      Well done Patrik, stick to designing bicycle helmets and let real architects get on with tackling the issues that really matter for the actual users of our buildings.

      Your time has come and gone and you wasted it on meaningless and irrelevant form making. A shocking waste of the talents your office undoubtedly possess. A little humility might smooth the transition to lasting influence if you have the courage to embrace it.

    • pip

      Better a humanitarian than a megalomaniac!

    • TFO

      How wilful and stylised form-making contributes to “advancing the next stage of our global high-density urban civilisation” is beyond me, Mr Schumacher.

      The history of architectural invention is born of communal crisis, not the internal muse of the artisté.

  • Concerned Citizen

    It is not the responsibility of universities to cater to his pet projects.

    • northwood

      Actually, that is precisely the function of universities: to be centres of research and push for and test out experimental proposals.

      • Concerned Citizen

        Perhaps you have difficulty reading, but I don’t know how to make it simpler. Believe it or not, there is much more to the education of architecture than the pet social projects of self-proclaimed elitists with tunnel vision.

        • northwood

          I don’t have trouble reading at all. Perhaps you have trouble accepting the fact that there are tens of thousands of educators out there, including Aravena, with ambitious ideas and areas of research, and it the job of universities to nurture a diverse cross-section of those individuals and their work.

          • Concerned Citizen

            I do not accept your fantasy world, that is for sure. Self-absorbed sycophants posing as educators just don’t make it. Everyone has ambitious ideas, but the best and most successful realise and embrace the fact that theirs is not the only idea, and that others may be better.

  • MilsRikefe

    “The PC takeover of architecture is complete: the Pritzker Prize has mutated into a prize for humanitarian work”. The Donald Trump of architecture, great work Patrik.

    • Sebastián Marín Carvajal

      Best comment ever :)

  • John Napier

    The opposite of humanitarian architecture is un-humanitarian architecture? Should the prize only reward self-indulgent form making? Doesn’t global austerity and climate change indicate that we should alter our priorities?

  • Aravena’s singularity is that his buildings consistently generated exponential value in mostly underprivileged areas.

    I see this interview as a refreshing change from all the stories about starchitects disclaiming their epic fails or the bad execution of their obscenely costly buildings.

  • flytoget

    Wait a second. Wasn’t Alejandro Aravena a member of the Pritzker Prize jury from 2009 to 2015?

    • picky

      He was. It is in the interview.

  • Dave Carcamano

    You move people from a slum to glorified shacks and the only improvement is they have better infrastructures, since, in terms of architectonic value, the slums and favelas in most cases are still more significant.

  • richard n

    How ridiculous this is! Aravena has been on the Pritzker jury from 2009 to 2015 ( and how convenient is it to award him the prize the following year? The Prizker Prize committee has just made a fool of itself and discarded all credibility to the prize.

  • The only solution these socially based projects have created is more business and prizes for the firm Elemental. Maybe some of the “half-builts” can work in Chile (although I am interested to see the long term success).

    Architects, even by their own elevated ego and purely artistic pursuits, have the capacity to make profound contributions to the world. Experimental work in underprivileged areas in the name of social responsibility is problematic in the same sense as socially conscious work produced in the 20th century failed.

    There was a human cost just by the experiment alone. There is no model that can be created as a design solution to these problems. Learn politics, learn building technology, learn about society, be a good citizen, understand that morality can be about making good decisions in every day practice.

    Architects should stick to doing what they do best, being culturally responsible. I would see this as a good future for our civilisation.

  • spadestick

    Alejandro Aravena has indeed generated a massive discourse or “debate”, and I think this is good. If Patrik has to come online to stir up some garbled text, it is a good indication that Aravena deserves this prize.

    Perhaps all this was brought on by Peter Buchanan’s article on AR recently entitled, “Can early acclaim for an architect be a handicap – even the kiss of death?”. We shall see.

    I feel differently from all this. Aravena’s work is beautiful, familiar but beautiful, which is what the Pritzker Prize is about really. I’d like to see Patrik’s involvement in charity work before criticising further.

  • The jury citation for SANAA’s Pritzker Prize in 2010 is a good example of how an architect should be regarded and awarded:

  • alex7070

    There is nothing but waste and forced Socialism in this work. It is true Communist design and as thoughtful as a row or stack of milk cartons. The prize has collapsed.

  • Alexandru Patrichi

    To serve greater social and humanitarian needs does not exclude architectural innovation, and I think Alejandro Aravena’s work is innovative in many aspects.

    The very definition of architecture includes: “The knowledge of art, science and technology and humanity.” The world slowly loses its frontiers, so architecture should as well; it should tackle the social problems that the world confronts itself with nowadays.

    Many architects have understood this. This year’s winner of the prize included. Architecture should always be more than beautiful objects, it should respond to the needs of the people, and nevertheless, innovate, inspire, guide and create healthy environments for people to live in. Sometimes it is better if the architect can forget about himself for a change.

  • “The role of the architect is now to serve greater social and humanitarian needs”. If they only could do it by making architecture…Or maybe the poor are not worth it.

    Maybe their homes should look rough to reflect they social status. Architecture in context it is. :)

  • friardo

    Architecture as the saviour of the world again!

    We don’t have to do everything for everybody as some amorphous mass to cater for with one attitude. If an architect feels like specialising in designing shops or churches or even houses for individuals who ask him to do so, fine. But architecture is the design of buildings, not megalomaniac social engineering.

    Pretending that the world’s housing needs have some grand singular method of solution, and that architects should lead the charge is as laughable as Peter Cook’s walking cities “cartoons”. And just as incapable of realisation on the scale Aravena hopes.

    Good on him for doing what he likes and whatever drives him, but enough of the “architecture should” nonsense.

  • T

    For most architects the Pritzker Prize represents the most distinguished lifetime achievement award of design excellence in our professional. It’s not just another design award, its the highest achievement awarded to the most influential and distinguished architects of our generation, the masters you could say; Koolhaas, Ando, Zumthor, Sanaa etc.

    The politically correct and politically connected appear to have influence this year’s distinction. The humanitarian agenda is great but the architectural execution is rather average, when compared to the current crop of global architectural talents.

    Question: are half finished Brutalist boxes set in constant repetition and placed in a blank hardscape really the best social housing we can design? Conceptually interesting, but in reality it reminds me of the 1970s social housing and we all know how that turned out.

    • nonie niesewand

      Aravena’s heightened social awareness deserves recognition on the world stage now that the world is on the move. Mass migration is a moral problem. His desire to make life better for people is genuine and compelling.

      • T

        Definitely a worthy cause, however it is not necessarily a new one. The Aga Kahn Award has been recognising humanitarian and social housing projects since the 1970s. It appears the western world is starting to take notice.

  • André Napoleão Napoles

    Today, we can do ten houses per day using one 3D printer, like you can see here:!impresso-3d—casas/cv3v So, the future is to rebuild our global community.

  • bea wolf

    Mr Patrik Schumacher is seeking free PR for his office and using this prize for it. Ignore him and enjoy the beautiful architecture of Mr Aravena.

    • X

      It’s easy to see both points of view, both heroic civic architecture and humanistic social housing are equally important in society.

      What’s difficult to interpret is when the award is given to a Pritzker juror from the last six
      years, and using a project for the poor-as PR. The message is great but the process is unfortunately questionable.