Architecture has historically tended to celebrate the new, but concerns about the climate impact of construction are driving an increasing interest in projects that seek to work with existing structures.
Including ambitious conversions, careful renovations and delicate restorations, here are 10 that stood out in 2022:
First opened as a brewery in the 1920s, the Argo Factory in central Tehran became the first new private art museum in Iran's capital since 1979 following an overhaul by US studio Ahmadreza Schricker Architecture North.
The project, which saw the former factory topped with a series of distinctive concrete roofs, was named architecture project of the year 2022 at the Dezeen Awards.
The interiors were updated by Brooklyn studio Dutch East Design, while the facade was retained and repaired by the architects meaning the building now achieves Passivhaus standards despite keeping the distinctive external appearance of Breuer's original design.
The restoration of the seawater lido was named rebirth project of the year 2022 at the Dezeen Awards, with the judges feeling it represented "a holistic idea of rebirth and sustainability".
The renovation involved extensive use of timber for the interiors, as well as a new entryway volume slotted between the church and a neighbouring office building.
The project is a temporary pilot project led by the National Trust, but the conservation charity is now fundraising to make it a permanent fixture.
A former pigsty was replaced with a glazed extension containing a sunken lounge as part of Jan Henrik Jansen and Marshall Blecher's careful reconstruction of this 120-year-old thatched cottage in northern Germany.
The project involved rebuilding most of the dilapidated structure, restoring the original facade while completely replanning the internal layout.
The narrow brick outbuilding had previously stood neglected for more than four decades but the architects made only small structural changes, replacing two roof trusses with portal frames to open up the interior.
Amsterdam-based Civic Architects sliced circular openings into an existing brick wall to provide glimpses of the exhibition spaces inside this shoe museum in Waalwijk.
The project saw listed 1930s municipal buildings refurbished and turned into a space housing 12,000 objects as well as a cafe and design laboratories.
The studio focused on highlighting the existing character of the quarries with delicate insertions and artificial lighting as a response to the lavishly designed tourist spots that dominate rural China.
The High Sunderland house in the Scottish Borders, designed by architect Peter Womersley in 1957, but suffered extensive damage in a fire after being sold in 2017.
Loader Monteith undertook a light-touch renovation of the mid-century home, focusing on reinstate as many of the original features as possible while introducing measures to meet current sustainability standards.